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Full text of "Doctor Apricot of "Heaven-below." The story of Hangchow medical mission (C. M. S.)"

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*^ PRINCETON, N. J. ^ 

Purchased by the Hamill Missionary Fund. 

BV 3415 .D4 1911 
De Gruch e, Kingston. 
Doctor Apricot of "Heaven- 


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<0^^ OF PJi^. 
MAY :^ 1911 


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IbanQCbow fIDe&ical flDiesion (C^flD.SO 



Author of ''Beside the Red Mountain'^ 
''Edith Stanton's Opportunity'' 



THIS story is written with the object of bringing the 
Medical Mission work at Hangchow (" Heaven- 
Below ") more prominently before the public in the 
hope of arousing a keener and more practical interest in 
the important and far-reaching work we have been 
carrying on there during the last twenty-eight years. 

It is written by a warm-hearted and enthusiastic friend 
who was for some years in actual work among the 
Chinese, and while in China visited Hangchow and made 
herself well acquainted with the main facts of our work 
and has ever since taken a hearty interest in it. 

The incidents which are related as illustrating the 
character of the work, as well as some of its results, are 
actual facts, and are but specimens of the numerous 
cases dealt with from day to day in its various branches. 

It is hoped that the narrative of the work in this form 
will interest many in Medical Missions, which are not a 
mere adjunct to the preaching of the Gospel to the 
heathen, but an essential and integral part of the church's 

When we remember past years we are thankful for what 
has already been accomplished, but there remains very 
much yet to be done, not only in extension, but in con- 
solidation, and we hope the readers of this book will 


encourage us by that form of sympathy which shows 
itself in practical assistance. 

We want more men and women to help us in the work ; 
there is urgent need for all the buildings to be overhauled 
(some rebuilt), brought up to date and fully equipped ; 
and a large sum of money is required annually for the 
support of beds, assistants, nurses, students, &c. 

May God abundantly bless this book and grant that 
it may be used to stir up some to consecrate their lives 
to the work of the Medical Mission of which it tells, and 
lead others who cannot themselves go to give of their 
means to maintain and extend the work in this marvellous 
day of opportunity in China. 

D. Duncan Main. 

Contributions for any of the above objects may be sent to 
Dr. D. D. Main, c/o the Church Missionary Society, Salisbury 
Square, London, E.C. 


" A grain of mustard seed .... which indeed is the least of 
all seeds, but when it is grown it is the greatest among herbs, and 
becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the 
branches thereof." 

ABOUT fifty years ago a gentleman in Government 
employ in India, an Inspector of Opium Manufac- 
ture at Malwa, felt so pricked in his conscience 
concerning his share in the traffic of opium, that he 
resolved to resign his office and cleanse himself by 
devoting the savings of his official career (something 
over ;f 3,000) to the relief of opium victims in China. 

In the providence of God this money came into the 
hands of missionary workers in Mid-China just as a special 
opportunity occurred of helping a number of poor 
creatures thus victimised who desired to break the snare 
which enthralled them. 

This led to the establishment, ten years later, of an 
Opium Refuge, at Hang-chow, which has expanded into 
the splendid Hospital, with its numerous branch institu- 
tions, where Dr. Main and his colleagues of the Church 
Missionary Society, now carry on a most successful 
Medical Mission ; like to the grain of mustard seed, which 
grew until it became a great tree and a refuge to many 
who took shelter under its branches. 



The following story illustrates the work which grew 
out of the above incident, and shows how the right action 
of one man, over fifty years ago, led to the blessing of 
many thousands in both body and soul. 

The Chinese names of the JCuropean workers, as well 
as the names of most of the natives, who figure in the 
story, have been, for the most part, translated into 


Relates how the European doctor's olfactory organ gains new 
experience during his first walk through the streets of 
" Heaven- Helow" to the scene of his future laljour . . i 


The new doctor begins wcjrk under difficulties, but decides that 
each stumbling l)lock must be made a stepping-stone to a 
new hospital. 9 


Explains how Doctor A|)ricot succeeded in obtaining some funds 

and then added t(j them by increasing his occupations. . 22 

The Hospital of "Universal Benevolence" has its foundation 
laid with prayer, its walls rise wilii ho[)c and its roof goes 
on with praise. ......... 32 

Gives some account of the opium trade with China and its 
degrading influence on the people. The Honourable Li 
gives hisopinicjn and helps to provide means for enlarging 
the Opium Refuge 41 


Explains why late hours are necessary though they beget 

troubled days, with tears at midday and smiles at midnight. 48 

The consecrated home-life and home-joy acts as a " cheer up " to 
a weary worker ; and Amah's message nerves her spirit for 

fresh effort. 61 




Shadow and sunshine visit the home and hospital, but by faithful 
prayer to God above, and by the ceaseless work of man 
below, the clouds pass, albeit homes are emptied and 
graves are filled, ere the sun shines once more. . . 69 

Gives some illustrations of Chinese ideas upon the value of 
human existence, and of the peculiar characteristic, which 
shews itself in the losing of one's life in order to save one's 
face 78 

Shows how love and gentleness sweep away darkness and 
superstition, and how young lives, begun in adversity and 
sorrow, blossom into happiness and beauty when taken 
into the Home 85 


Shows how the general working of the hospital has grown to be 
a formidable undertaking, both practically and financially. 
Tells also how the doctor's knee was massaged to the amuse- 
ment of his wife, and how the doctor's wife was " warded " to 
the anxiety of her husband. 95 

Gives some account of Chinese women, their social position, their 
trials and sorrows ; and tells how Mrs. Apricot, aided by 
some intelligent Chinese ladies, endeavoured to succour 
them in their need 108 

Contains some remarks on native doctors, and tells how easily a 
man passes from a cook to a doctor, from a bottle-washer 
to a druggist ; also gives some account of the Training of 
students in Western Medicine ; and of a new treatment 
which causes much astonishment to the natives. . .114 

Gives some information concerning the Chinese opium reform, 
and shews the connecting link between it and the affectionate 
farewell accorded to Dr. and Mrs. Apricot on their return 
home for their third furlough. Shews also the tree fully 
grown. 129 


D. Duncan Main 

Dr. Apricot's House .... 

Hospital of " Universal Benevolence," Hangchow 

A Patient in Hangchow Hospital when he was eighteen 

months old .... 

A Group of Christian Lepers 
Group of Patients .... 

"Cock-a-doodle-doo," now Assistant Dispenser 
Children's Home ..... 
Maternity Students .... 

Seven Students Recently Graduated 
New China. A Patient and Friend 
Dr. Liu, Wife and Child. 
"A great tree whose leaves are for the healing of the 

Chinese nation " , . . 










THE winter day was drawing to a close when Dr. 
Apricot and his wife were welcomed at the Mission 
House in " Heaven-Below " by Mr. and Mrs. 

After the discomforts of a long journey of many weeks, 
it was some considerable relief to find themselves in the 
city of their future work, albeit not yet in their own 

The cheerful fire and warm welcome accorded to them 
by their fellow missionaries soon helped them to forget 
the severe cold and other miseries which during the latter 
part of their voyage had of necessity been theirs. 

All things seemed very strange, nevertheless. The 
large rooms, built for the great heat of the intensely 
hot summer, struck the newcomers as cold indeed when 
they were not in close proximity to the fire. The Chinese 
men-servants in their long blue coats, and their warm 
padded cotton-wool undercoats, looked fat and important : 
with their shaved head and bland smile, long queue, and 
dignified way of doing their work, they impressed the 
new missionaries as wonderfully clever and awe inspiring. 
They forgot for the moment that these servants had been 
trained for some years in the routine they were now so 
used to and more or less perfect in. 

^ B 


After a more than welcome wash, which had to take 
the place of several ablutions which had been missed 
owing to the severity of the cold and the lack of privacy 
when travelling, the new arrivals returned to the sitting 
room refreshed and hungry enough to enjoy the hospitable 
meal which awaited them. 

The English mail which had accompanied the Doctor 
and his wife was perforce kept in the background by Mr. 
and Mrs. Greyman, that they might play their part as host 
and hostess to the tired travellers, who were glad to 
shorten their evening by an early retirement to bed. 

After breakfast the following morning, the Senior 
Missionary begged to be excused while he went to inter- 
view an importunate Chinaman, but when he was free 
therefrom, he would be at Dr. Apricot's disposal to shew 
him the city of " Heaven-Below." 

Mrs. Greyman also excused herself while she inter- 
viewed her Chinese factotum and gave him the orders for 
the day, he being the responsible person for buying 
everything used in the establishment, as well as the cook 
and general overseer of the other servants, when he had 
spare time from his own particular duties. 

So the doctor and his wife were left alone, and they 
looked in each other's faces for a moment and read each 
other's thought, which the doctor expressed by saying 
with a smile : 

" The letters don't come here every morning, you know, 
Gertie ; we have left a morning post and daily newspaper 
behind us for seven or eight years." 

His wife was sitting on the fender trying to get warm, 
and looked up at him : 

" Oh, Charles, how funny ! Were you longing for 
home letters too ? " she replied. 

The shadow of something in his wife's face made him 
say, " Cheer up, Gertie ! " 

" Well, what shall we do ? " inquired his wife. 


" Let us be off to our rooms and unpack while we have 
the opportunity," said the doctor, '' for we shall probably 
have to live here until we can speak the language 
sufficiently to manage Chinese housekeeping for our- 

They had just finished the unpacking and arranging of 
their things when Mr. Greyman announced that he was 
at liberty to shew the Doctor the Mission premises, and 
especially the Opium Refuge which was to be the scene 
of his future work. 

The worst slums of Edinburgh, Liverpool, or London, 
even thirty years ago, were paradise itself for cleanliness 
and fresh air, compared with the sights and smells which 
greeted the new comer in the slums of that Chinese city. 

The older Missionary, now inured more or less to what 
they were passing through, glanced round at the Doctor, 
expecting to see disgust and discomfort depicted upon his 
inexperienced face, but to his surprise he saw the new 
recruit had his eyes very wide open, albeit a merry twinkle 
lurked therein as usual, and his mouth severely shut, as 
became a man who had just arrived with the latest 
medical knowledge at his finger tips, and knew that 
breathing such a loaded atmosphere, if it must be 
breathed, should be through the nose, rather than 
through the mouth. 

I wish I could allow my readers a quarter of an hour of 
these concentrated smells, that they might be able to 
sympathise with the Missionaries who, " not counting 
their lives dear unto them," go forth to live in the midst 
of such conditions. But even if I could write the smells, 
and even if a printer could print them, no publisher would 
be allowed by our English Sanitary Authorities to publish 
them, so I mast try instead to describe the city streets 
vividly enough to help people with an ordinary imagina- 
tion to realize in some small measure what might be ex- 
pected from such surroundings. 


The city of " Heaven-Below " had a population of 
nearly half-a-million. It had suffered much in the 
T'ai-ping rebellion, and was taken by the rebels in 
1862. Even in the eighties, the time when our story 
commences, there were devastated parts of the city which 
had never been rebuilt. 

One waste area, commonly called " The crooked-large- 
square-chief," must have covered some scores of acres, 
having only an odd group of small mud huts here and 

Mr. Greyman gave the young doctor much historical 
information of those never-to-be-forgotten times as they 
walked along. 

The name of *' Chinese Gordon," as from time to time 
it passed his lips, was evidently well known to the man 
in the street, who would stop and nod his head, smiling 
and saying, " Chinese Gordon. Ah ! Number one Great 
General. Ah just so." 

*' And this is the city of ' Heaven-Below.' How vastly 
below ! " the young doctor said to himself, as he followed 
the senior Missionary often in single file through those 
narrow streets. 

The houses were of the usual Chinese style with curled 
roofs ; the largest buildings, next to the temples, being 
the Ya-Mens and the pawn-shops. In the latter, the 
winter clothes of the majority of the inhabitants are 
stored during the summer, and the summer clothing 
during the winter. 

Various shops, all open to the street, having no glass 
fronts, lined each side of the narrow thoroughfare ; drains 
(where there were any) were all open to eye and nose. 
Men carrying pails containing sewage from the houses, 
as well as other traffic, passed to and fro constantly ; 
prisoners wearing the cangue {i.e., wooden collar) were 
seen chained to the fronts of houses where they had com- 
mitted some robbery for which they were thus punished. 


A man's head in a cage, hung up as a warning to other 
evil-doers, looked and smelt ghastly in the sunshine. 
Beggars, more filthy than any he had ever dreamed of, 
knocked up against him in the crowd, or sat begging in 
the more open quarters of the city, behaving more filthily 
than he ever thought the human mind could have 
conceived. Diseased people of every sort mixed freely in 
the crowds ; open sores exposed to the cold and dust and 
microbes, made him think of the Dublin jarvey who, 
when asked to explain why doctors used formerly to send 
patients to live on the banks of the Liffey, where the 
odours were so dreadful that people in good health could 
hardly endure them, said, "Ah ! sure the smells is that 
bad they kill all the germs." 

Little children, maimed and lamed, seemed to fill any 
crevices not already filled with adults ; and the streams 
of people pushing and jostling one another w^ere only 
varied, and that for the worse, when sedan-chairs were 
carried by, and the impact of the crowd increased. 

The Church and Catechist were first visited, and the 
young doctor heard how the original church had been 
destroyed and the Mission work abandoned for a time 
and that the present building was opened in 1871. 

Not being able to speak to Mr. Tse, the catechist, and 
his small son, " Fragrant Lily," Dr. Apricot smiled and 
bowed after the manner of Mr. Greyman, and patted 
*' Fragrant Lily " on the head. Mrs. Tse had not 
expected visitors and hid herself, not having time to put 
on the glory of her many-coloured best clothes. 

Then they passed through more narrow dirty streets till 
they came to the Opium Hospital or Refuge. This was 
a small two-storied building having four wards in which, 
small as they were, fifteen to twenty patients had been 
treated at a time during the seventies when a resident 
medical man had been in charge for a few years, while 
some three or four thousand out-patients had been treated 


annually in the room used below as a dispensary during 
that time. The doctor had been obliged to return home 
about three years previously on account of his wife's 
health, but the return was, alas, made too late to save her 

So here was the little building, empty it is true not over 
clean, also, but when put into good condition as regards 
the latter point, to what possibilities would it lend itself? 
What would that building and its future occupants 
become as a factor in his life ? thought the new-comer. 

And as the young doctor, in the freshness of his first 
zeal and consecration, stood looking at the sphere of work 
he had come out to, and for which the devil suggested to 
him "he had left what would have been a lucrative career at 
home," he quickly repelled the evil suggestion by there 
and then, in his own heart, reconsecrating himself to God 
for the upraising and helping of the poor people among 
whom he had come to dwell. 

Mr. Greyman looked at his silent companion and wished 
he would overflow and speak of his desires and aspirations 
for the work ; but Dr. Apricot having much power of 
discernment, saw that it would not only be premature on 
his part to speak of alterations, but that his doing so 
would probably prejudice him in the eyes of the older 
workers who for so many years had been bearing the 
" burden and heat of the day." *' Time enough," thought 
he, " when I feel my feet under me, and have climbed 
some way up the Great Wall of the Chinese language, 
which at present separates me from so many thousands of 
my fellow-beings." " By my God must I leap over this 
w^all," he thought, adapting Psalm xviii. 29 to his present 

How long he stood there on the narrow path between 
the frozen shrubs, gazing at the small building before him, 
Dr. Apricot could not have told anyone. Mr. Greyman 
had moved away to speak to a passer by, and when he 


returned Dr. Apricot was making an entry in his note- 

" When can I begin the language ? " asked he of the 
Senior Missionary. 

" To-morrow morning — we have secured teachers for 
both you and Mrs. Apricot. You can read on the verandah 
outside your own room, a table and a couple of chairs will 
have been put there to-day, and Mrs. Apricot had better 
read with her teacher in the dining-room between break- 
fast and tiffin (lunch), where she will be warmer." 

When they returned to the Mission house, they found 
the ladies had gone to see a Biblewoman who was in 
trouble, and had not yet returned. They all assembled, 
however, in time for " tiffin," as the midday meal was 

In the afternoon the other Missionaries living in the 
city came to be introduced to the new-comers, some 
remaining to the evening meal and later still to evening 

They all fell in love with the pretty bride with her blue 
eyes and fair wavy hair, and wondered how the pink roses 
in her cheeks would wear in the hot months of the coming 
Chinese summer. 

One lady, in sombre garments and an equally sombre 
face, as gently as she could without as she trusted hurting 
the young bride's feelings, " hoped all her dresses were not 
so pretty ; for work among the heathen, the plainer the 
material and make the better." 

How little any of those present at all realized that a 
new type of Missionary had arrived upon the scene, who 
would introduce, not a different Gospel, or a new way of 
salvation, but a more natural — healthily natural — life, a 
more energetic outdoor life, more home-like than had yet 
asserted itself in their midst. And who present that after- 
noon could anticipate the new world of interest, medical 
and religious, that would develop under the hard 


work and indefatigable zeal of the new doctor and his 

When at last they reached the privacy of their own 
room, Mrs. Apricot and her husband exchanged confi- 

"They are excellent people, Gertie, but need a little fun 
to make them more natural." 

" Oh ! Charles, how like you, and I have been admiring 
them so much, and wondering if I could alter my dresses 
and flatten my hair to look more like dear Mrs. Greyman," 
replied the young wife wistfully. 

" Now, Gertie, leave your little head alone, and wear 
your clothes just as they are, they suit you better so. 
Think how it will rest me coming in from the sights and 
the smells of my work to see my bright little wife sweet 
and fresh as she always is." 

*' But, Charles, do be serious," she began — 

** My beloved, I am as serious as I can be. Don't 
worry your mind about these things, be the bright, 
happy little woman God made you, and do the work that 
falls to you in your own way, and in time your influence 
will tell in its own line. It would not be natural for you 
to be like Mrs. Greyman. She is an excellent missionary 
and has her own sphere of influence which she exercises 
in a way natural to her." *' We must belong to the 
* Cheer Up' Society from this day forth," he said, **a 
secret society of our own." 

** How like the Chinese, Charlie," and she laughed 
softly — " I was told to-day China is honeycombed with 
secret societies, and you are here only twenty-four hours 
and have already started a secret society of your own," 



THE first three weeks had passed swiftly away for the 
doctor and his wife ; each day had been filled with 
some hours of language study, and if at times the 
Chinese language seemed like an impenetrable wall be- 
tween them and the natives, and their hearts seemed 
to sink within them, the doctor would cheerily rise to the 
occasion with some fun or jest and they would sit down 
again more hopefully to the next lesson. 

One day when a mistake of tone in saying a word 
created some momentary merriment at the expense of the 
doctor, he joined in the laugh as heartily as any one 
present, and a moment later asked, ''When do four p's 
in succession lead to a fifth ? " 

As no one could at the instant reply, he continued, 
*' By perpetual prayer and patient perseverance, pro- 
ficiency is attained even in the Chinese language." 

** Good ! " said the Senior Missionary " that is exactly 
the spirit to maintain and you will wrestle through 
in time." 

The dispensary and small hospital were during these 
weeks undergoing a thorough cleaning preparatory to 

The house occupied by the last doctor who had worked 
the hospital, was now occupied by a Missionary and his 


wife who were removing in a few weeks to an out station 
further inland. 

It was thought wise however that before the dispensary 
was opened Dr. and Mrs. Apricot should take up residence 
in the house in the medical compound. And as house- 
keeping is so differently managed in China from house- 
keeping at home, it was considered a good plan for Mrs. 
Apricot to add to her Chinese study Chinese housekeep- 
ing, that she might have less difficulty when the menage 
would be under her own control. 

As the language was his primary duty Dr. Apricot only 
opened the dispensary twice a week, and the small 
hospital wards above it were again opened for a few 
Opium cases and some general cases, which it otherwise 
would have been no use treating. 

Mr. Steadman, their host, a kind brotherly man, acted 
as interpreter, and Mrs. Apricot acted as nurse and 
dresser to the women, and the out-patients. 

After the spring day which saw the departure of their 
host and hostess for their new sphere of work, the doctor 
and his wife felt indeed alone. The servants who had so 
far waited upon them accompanied the Steadmans to 
their out-station aforementioned and some raw Chinese 
young men, for a very small wage, agreed to come in, and 
keep the house clean and make themselves generally 

The cook, ** Obedient Service," who had been highly 
recommended by someone in the Mission, thinking the 
young couple would take for granted all he did as correct 
and proper, took advantage of their lack of the Chinese 
language and inexperience of the country, and added to 
their difficulties in numerous ways. 

Ultimately *' Obedient Service," having frequently 
proved himself t//sobedient and untrustworthy, was dis- 
charged, and for a short time it seemed as if their 
difficulties were increased. 


At last an out-patient, who had quickly recovered from 
some small wounds through the surgical help rendered 
him by the doctor, heard of their need for another coolie 
and offered to come and do his best. 

" Arrived-late " (for such was the man's name) was a 
willing, good-tempered, and obedient fellow, and must 
have been born a cook, for he learnt so quickly and so 
well to prepare European meals that he became a great 
authority on English cooking among the servants of the 
foreigners, and was for many years the reliable friend and 
servant of the doctor and his wife. Much responsibility 
has to be put upon the head-servant in a mission house 
where both master and mistress spend all their time 
doing the work of Him Who sent them. Chinese 
servants are of course utterly raw and ignorant of 
European ways and methods to begin with, but if 
pains are taken at first to teach them firmly and kindly, 
no better servants can be found than they turn out 
to be. The necessity for cleanliness and tidiness, both 
in their person and in their work, has to be taught. 
Still, all things considered, the doctor and his wife were 
often astonished how soon these difficulties were over- 
come, and with what faithfulness their own servants 
served them. 

The Dispensary work in the mornings, though very 
light during the cold weather, increased as the warmer 
weather came by leaps and bounds, and became a very 
formidable undertaking. As many as 200 or 250 out- 
patients would crowd round the gate, long before it was 
time to open the dispensary. 

As the hours of those hot mornings passed swiftly 
away, each individual was interviewed by the doctor, 
his case diagnosed, prescriptions written, or dressings 
ordered, all of which were attended to by the doctor's 
wife and the native assistant, under the doctor's super- 
vision. He was thus training his wife and the Chinese 


helper, the former having a gift for doctoring and nursing, 
and the latter showing much aptitude for copying any- 
thing he saw done in the way of dressings, and having 
developed the grace of obedience, a charming and 
essential quality in a beginner, which was no doubt much 
appreciated by the doctor, whose hands were more than 
full at this time. 

And to one and all of the motley crowd the Gospel was 
preached by the catechist. No one passed in to the 
doctor's room but through the waiting hall, where the 
catechist faithfully expounded the truth as it is in Jesus. 

General patients were cured ; by operation sight was 
given to several persons who were blinded with cataract; 
others almost sightless through ophthalmia had their 
vision cleared; many lepers had their sufferings alleviated, 
though they were not cured. A dumb patient, whose 
tongue was tied and who could have been relieved, failed 
to come for the operation, otherwise one might have 
added, the dumb were made to speak! 

So many and great were the wonderful cures which the 
Chinese beheld that on more than one occasion they even 
brought their dead, as if to try if the great Western 
doctor could raise them to life again. 

Accommodation was appallingly meagre ; the odours 
from the dirty people who thought it wise to wash their 
bodies only on the seventh day of the seventh moon, 
and from dirtier clothes, foul diseases, and malodorous 
wounds, in a temperature of 93 degrees in the shade, can 
hardly be imagined. 

The work proved most exhausting, and as the heat 
increased week by week, each day as it passed determined 
the doctor that new premises must be available before 
the hot season of another year. And great as the work 
was which each dispensary day brought, it only revealed 
to him the inadequacy of treating serious cases as out- 


" Heaven's First-born " was such a case. The doctor 
after careful diagnosis prescribed, and the medicine was 
made up, then he himself began instructions. 

" You are in much pain, brother." 

"Those words are true, much pain is my misfortune." 

*' You would be better lying down." 

*' Alas ! my bed is in the cooking apartment, and the 
smoke of the fire makes me cough the more — can the 
foreign doctor not keep me here ? " 

** Very sorry, but the beds of the hospital are full ; 
I have no room for you." 

" My heart is sad, and my body full of pain, can the 
doctor not cure me ? " whined the patient again. 

" Yes, yes ! I understand and am very sorry," replied 
the doctor. *' Now cheer up ! We must both try ; you 
must be sure and take this medicine as I tell you. Here 
it is — take it three times every day. Every day three 

*' Just so," answered the patient, " but there is so little 
here. Can I not have a bigger bottle ? " 

*' No, there is enough in this bottle for two days, come 
back on the third day," said Dr. Apricot. 

" But, doctor," argued Heaven's First-born," " that 
man has only been a few times to hear the good doctrine, 
and I have sat many times, yet he has a bigger bottle of 
medicine than this one ! " 

"That has nothing to do with the medicine," Dr. 
Apricot replied once more. " His bottle is to wash the 
sore on his leg with ; yours is strong medicine to take 
internally, i.e., to drink. Now slowly, slowly walk away, 
and take the medicine after food three times a day," and 
the doctor smiled to himself. 

" Is it not funny ? " he said in English to his wife, 
" that poor man thought the longer he listened to the 
preaching the more medicine he would get. I fear he has 
gone off now with the idea the more preaching he listens 


to, the more efficacious (the stronger, I mean) his medi- 
cine will be ! I hope he will not be disappointed." 

Late in the afternoon of the same day the doctor was 
sent for to see a patient who was taken much worse, and 
thought to be dying. 

He hurriedly rose from his reading, dismissed his 
teacher, and went quickly with the man who had 
brought the message. 

It turned out to be '' Heaven's First-born," who, 
having taken his first dose of medicine, and feeling some 
good result as he thought, decided if a little was so 
beneficial, how much more quickly would he recover if 
he drank a bigger dose, so he had taken the other five 
doses intended for two days, and was now feeling the 

Not unprepared for such a contingency, the doctor had 
put an emetic in his pocket, and promptly administered 
a dose which quickly relieved the sufferer. This incident 
impressed upon him the absolute necessity of a bigger 
hospital in which to receive serious cases as in-patients. 

Two days of incessant rain and the doctor awoke one 
morning to find the world a new place to him, the heavy 
thunder of the previous night had cleared the atmosphere, 
and a glorious day, fresh and cool, greeted him. 

Not being a dispensary day he set off early to see his 
private patients, who for the benefit of his medical help 
were willing to pay fees, which he welcomed in so far as 
they could be devoted to the extension of his work. 

While the doctor was away two women were brought 
to the hospital by their husbands from a distance, having 
each of them the same complaint, and having come from 
the same town called " Beyond-the-Stream," some thirty 
miles away, and yet neither of them knew the other. 

Mrs. Apricot went to see the new-comers, and found 
both were suffering with ulcerated legs in a very severe 
form. Her first business was to put them into beds in 


the women's hospital (as the three unsavoury looking 
rooms were called), which contained seven beds appor- 
tioned to the severest cases among the female patients. 
It was divided from the men's hospital by a short distance, 
and had its own little dining-room for the patients. The 
necessary kitchen and outbuildings completed its possi- 
bilities in the direction of a hospital. 

Having taken over the charge of these poor helpless 
women, she proceeded to inquire what had brought them 
so far from their home as *' Heaven-Below." She was 
informed that their husbands had heard of the wonderful 
cures the Western doctor was making and had made on 
other sick folk in " Heaven-Below," and they thought 
they would see if he could cure their wives. 

They had been brought in native sedan-chairs to the 
hospital entrance, and then carried by their respective 
husbands on their backs from there to the hospital ward. 

When the doctor returned Mrs. Apricot had already 
washed and prepared the patients for him to see them. 

Mrs. Dang was suffering from an ulcerated leg of the 
worst description. It was so offensive that no one could 
be persuaded to go near her to render her any assistance, 
so Mrs. Apricot with her usual patience and faithfulness 
washed and attended the patient and dressed the poor 
leg, which even with a plentiful supply of carbolic and 
Condy, was a most repulsive performance. 

*' How old are you, mother ? " asked Mrs. Apricot. 

" Four tens and a half have passed over my head," 
she replied, to Mrs. Apricot's surprise, for the woman 
looked much older, probably owing to the extreme pain 
she had suffered. 

" Have you any children ? " asked the missionary. 

** No, lady, all are dead, and our people are dead. I 
have no one but my husband," replied the patient. 

" Who attends to you ? " then asked the missionary, 
wondering who could bear the awful smell. 


" Only my husband. He is a tailor, and has to do the 
cooking and washing and cleaning as well. I am a great 
trouble to him. Do you think the great doctor will cure 
me ? " she asked pleadingly. 

*' Your leg is exceedingly bad, little mother ; the bone 
is exposed from knee to ankle. I dare not say you can be 
cured the way you mean," replied Mrs. Apricot, kindly. 

With the good food and special cleanliness and tonics 
the woman's appearance soon changed in a remarkable 
manner. Her very expression altered. During her 
ministrations to the poor woman Mrs. Apricot passed 
the time telling her of God's love and of the salvation 
Jesus came from heaven to earth to bring. 

Mrs. Dang became greatly interested, and loved the 
gentle lady who so tenderly cared for her comfort and 
spoke such marvellous words of the God who loved and 
cared for her. 

" Too good to be true words," she said. 

With the other cases now in the wards and the 
assistance she gave in the dispensary, Mrs. Apricot had 
to secure the help of a native woman as nurse. She 
proved, however, not of much service, and positively 
refused to help Mrs. Dang. In time, probably from the good 
example set by Mrs. Apricot, and having fortified herself 
by stuffing orange peel tightly up her nose to prevent her 
olfactory nerve from exercising its proper function, she at 
last was willing to attend on Mrs. Apricot during the 
process of dressing the leg. Finding her precautions so 
successful, she vainly begged Mrs. Apricot to avail herself 
of the like benefit ! 

One day, Mrs. Dang, having listened most attentively 
to her kind and gentle nurse as she explamed the great 
importance of prayer, begged to know " how it was at all 
possible she could pray, seeing she could not kneel 
down ? " 

" Man looks at the outward appearance, Mother," 


answered Mrs. Apricot, "but the loving God looks at 
the heart. If your heart prays, God will hear, for He 
knows you cannot kneel down." 

She was much comforted by this assurance. *' Teach 
me then to pray, lady," begged the patient, which Mrs. 
Apricot most willingly did, feeling from the evident 
sincerity of the woman she was groping her way towards 

Meanwhile her leg did not improve, and when her hus- 
band came after six weeks to see how she was getting on, 
he was much disappointed. 

The doctor interviewed him, and told him that only 
amputation would save her life. But to this he would 
not listen ; and while both he and his wife were very 
grateful for all the kindness and care she had received, 
they said "Good-bye," and left the hospital, both of them 
in tears. 

Mrs. Ma, who had arrived the same day as Mrs. Dang, 
was a more robust woman in appearance, and had not 
been suffering with ulceration for so long a time. 

Hence when the doctor saw her, he gave some hope of 
her ultimate recovery. 

In a few weeks her leg showed unmistakable signs of 
healing ; the constant purification of it had not been in 
vain. To hasten her cure, the doctor decided to graft 
new skin on the leg. 

Although considerably afraid, yet she allowed the 
doctor to take a little nip of skin from her arm for the 
first graft. When Mrs. Apricot looked round for the 
nurse she had fled, being so afraid she might be asked for 
a little skin also. 

Mrs. Apricot assured her she also was going to give 
a graft off her arm, and when she saw this done, the 
nurse trembhngly held out her arm for the third graft to 
be taken from her. Shutting her eyes as tightly as 
possible, she exclaimed while it was being done : — 



"God, God, God," trembling all the while until the 
bandage had been securely laid over the little raw place. 

As the doctor wished to teach his wife for future cases 
how to nip, he now had a graft taken by her from his 
own arm, and the fifth she took under his direction from 
the arm of the assistant. 

In two days' time, when the leg was once more looked 
at, the progress proved most satisfactory. In a few weeks 
it was completely cured, and she was able to return to 
her own home. 

She was not so ignorant of divine truth as Mrs. Dang, 
as she had frequently attended the mission-hall at 
** Beyond-the-Stream," the out-station from which she 
came. Still, during her stay in hospital, she was more 
personally and definitely taught. She became so much 
in earnest as to ask for baptism, but it was thought 
wiser to delay her a few months for still further instruc- 

Her absolute faith in prayer was very beautiful, and 
it was no uncommon thing to find her kneeling up on her 
bed in prayer when the nurse or doctor came into the 
ward. She learnt the Lord's Prayer, hymns, &c., her- 
self, and taught them to other patients in the wards. 
What truth she herself received she endeavoured to pass 
on to others. Her husband turned out, on inquiry, to be 
a catechumen at his own home, and shortly after she 
returned to " Beyond-the-Stream " they had the joy of 
receiving baptism together. 

One thing leads to another, and these women coming 
from the small town of " Beyond-the-Stream " led to the 
doctor going from time to time for a day's dispensary 
work there. 

A few months after Mrs. Dang returned home, on one 
such visit of the doctor's, he was surprised to see poor 
Mrs. Dang carried in in a large flat basket in a very 
exhausted condition to the dispensary. 


" Your leg is very much worse," he said, after looking 
at what was by that time even more foul and loathsome 
than it had been before. 

" Can you do nothing, doctor ? " the husband asked. 

" Nothing at all, except remove it altogether, and that 
I should be afraid to do now, she is so very feeble," he 
replied, sympathetically. 

They told him that they had both become willing he 
should operate. 

But again he objected, saying he " could not take the 

They pleaded so much that finally they prevailed with 
him to undertake to remove the leg, and in a few days 
Mrs. Apricot received her again into the ward. 

The weather was still extremely hot, and the distress of 
having such a case in such close proximity was indeed 

The operation was obliged to be deferred for a week or 
more, as the patient was too weak to undergo the shock. 

While tonics and nourishment were being freely poured 
into the poor woman's body, spiritual food was being 
freely given to her soul, and she frequently expressed her 
faith in Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of her sins, and 
asked for baptism. 

The day before the operation she was baptised, and 
early on the following morning Mrs. Apricot ran across 
the compound thinking to cheer and encourage her for 
the awful ordeal before her. 

To her surprise " Received-Love " (as her baptismal 
name was) was as bright as possible. 

*' Do you feel fear, little Mother ? " Mrs. Apricot 
asked gently, taking her hand. 

" Only a little ; the good God has strengthened my 
heart," the patient replied. 

*' Praise God for answered prayer," said Mrs. Apricot, 


This was by far the biggest operation which had yet 
been performed ; and the doctor may be forgiven if he 
felt nervous as he thought of the microby operation room, 
no certificated anaesthetist, only a clerical missionary, to 
give the chloroform, while his poor wife had to attend 
to the patient and hold the leg to be severed. 

In three-quarters of an hour the poor woman was com- 
fortably in bed, and the result had to be waited for. 

When she recovered consciousness her sense of relief 
was intense. The operation was a complete success. The 
patient rapidly recovered her strength ; indeed in a few 
months she was much stronger than she had been for 
very many years. 

A wooden leg was made by the carpenter under the 
doctor's direction and soon adjusted ; she was taught to 
walk, and learnt to such good purpose that in a short 
while after her first lesson she walked over a quarter of a 
mile to the big Chinese church, to openly thank God for 
her recovery and make her public confession of faith, and 
to be received into the church as a member of Christ. 

" It's no use, Gertie," said Dr. Apricot, when the 
operation was over, "we must really write home and 
represent matters strongly to the committee and ask for 
funds to build a decent healthy hospital. We can do 
much more work in a much better way if we have suitable 
buildings and appliances. Besides, it is not healthy for us 
to be shut up so very long with such foul smells. We 
are sent out here to glorify God by our life's work, and we 
must do it as far as possible under the healthiest con- 
ditions we can get in such a land as this." 

'* I feel I shall not be able to go on much longer if we 
don't get better buildings," she said, gently, " I have 
not been so well lately." 

*' Cheer up, we will write and ask for funds, and we 
will pray to God to touch hearts even now to provide the 
funds to meet our request when it reaches home," 


He kissed his wife's tired face and went at once to 
write the letter. 

The letter, when it was written, " was spread out before 
the Lord," as one did in olden time and as the saints of 
God have done many a time since, and God, who loves to 
be trusted by His children, answered the faith of His 
servants then, though they knew it not " till many days 



**^**HARLES, the mail has come in, do come as soon 
I as ever you can, and let us read our letters to 

V^ gether" ; Mrs. Apricot had put her head through 
the half-open door of the dispensary. 

There had been a larger crowd of out-patients than 
usual, and it was past the ordinary time for the doctor to 
have returned to his Chinese language study. 

The temperature was over ninety-five degrees in the 
shade and the waiting room was still full, though the 
verandah was almost empty ; yet as the doctor looked up 
at her eager face and knew how she had been longing for 
her home letters he felt reluctant to disappoint her. If 
he sent her back to read them alone the pleasurable ones 
would only be half enjoyed, she had such a child's heart, 
this wife of his : and if there was bad news, she would 
bear the brunt of it alone, before he could return to share 
it with her. 

*' Come and help me, Gertie, many of those are simple 
cases, which you know well, they are to be dressed the 
same as usual. We shall get through them quicker if we 
do them together, and I am very late as it is this 

Mrs. Apricot had not been allowed in the dispensary for 
a few mornings, as with the cases of sick women in the 



small ward, she had had her hands quite full in doing their 
dressings and ablutions, in addition to her home duties. 

In course of time the last patient was attended to, and 
the last greeting was returned, and the doctor was told 
** his goodness was so great and his compassion beyond 
expression," the patient " had no words to describe it, 
that he would live to a very great age and have dozens of 
boy-children of his own." 

And the good-tempered man, as he washed instruments 
and smiled at the departing grandmother, devoutly hoped 
these latter blessings might escape him, unless a salary 
equal to the occasion came with it. 

" There, that makes two hundred and fifty this morn- 
ing — we really must have more air, and bigger waiting 
rooms when we get our new hospital, it almost finishes 
me," and the doctor wiped his head as he put on his sun- 
hat and took the sun umbrella from his wife's hand to 
hold it over her as they crossed the compound to their 
own home. 

*' Charles, you must change first, your clothes are wet 
through with the heat, it really is not safe for you to sit 
down as you are ; run up and change your things and I 
will sort the letters before you are downstairs again." 

" Now," she said, when refreshed by a rub down and a 
dry change of raiment, the doctor looked a little less like a 
boiled lobster, " home letters first in this pile, those are 
from the Society, and this pile from strangers." 

They read on for some time, at last she exclaimed, 
" How delighted they all are about baby ! I knew they 
would be, and what lovely things they are sending for him. 
But oh, Charles, the sweet little blue silk socks will be 
months too small for wee Ronald when they get here, and 
they have quite forgotten he is five months old now." 

" Well, cheer up, Gertie, you can give them to a 
Chinese baby. They need not be useless ." 

** As if I should indeed," she said in indignant tones, 


" and his own dear grannie knitted them for his own dear 
little feet. You couldn't expect that, Charles." 

" Well, my child, you shall do as you like with them," 
he said, rising. *' That is the last of the home letters, 
and I must be off to see the European and American 
patients now, there are a few down with fever and other 
ailments. We will do the other letters after tiffin." 

The doctor was into his chair and the coolies picked 
him up and were out of sight with him immediately, and 
Mrs. Apricot sat down to her Chinese reading with her 

After two hours steady study she dismissed that gentle- 
man and ran in to look at baby Ronald, who was awake 
and beginning to take notice of things in his baby fashion. 
Sending Amah to get her midday meal, she played with 
her child until seeing his little eyes heavy with sleep, she 
put him back into his cradle and lifted up some little 
garment from her basket and began sewing. 

When the noise of the chair coolies lowering the chair 
came up from the verandah below, Mrs. Apricot hastened 
down to her husband, and Amah returned to her post in 
the nursery. 

At tiffin the doctor was in high spirits, all his patients 
in the Mission houses were going on well. He had a new 
patient at the Arsenal, and two important Chinese officials 
had sent for him while he was out. Three big houses had 
also sent messages that he was wanted : a child was ill in 
one house, another was a young man, the disease he did 
not know, and the third was a mid-wifery case of a 
stubborn nature, so he must go off again at once and would 
not be back for some hours. 

*' Poor Charles, you do have to work hard, and in this 
temperature, too," said his wife, who could hardly touch 
any food, the heat was trying her so much. 

'' What about the letters ? " she asked presently as the 
doctor helped himself to some juicy lichi. 


" They must wait until I get back, but I don't know 
when that will be. Be sure you lie down and rest, don't 
wait tea or dinner for me if I am late. If you have time 
get your letters ready for the mail, and finish my home 
letter, you will find it begun. Don't worry about me ; 
cheer up, and kiss my son for me. I have no time to look 
in and see him. Now, good-bye, sweetheart, take care of 
yourself," and in another moment Dr. Apricot was off again. 

The chair coolies had let down the blinds of the chair, 
so, though his wife watched him start away, it was no use 
to wave her usual farewell. 

She ran upstairs to look at baby, and found him still 
asleep; Amah had tucked in the mosquito net safely to 
keep off flies, and was fanning patiently beside the cot. If 
she stopped for a few moments, great beads of perspira- 
tion stood on the baby's face, head, hands, and arms. 

" I think lady much better go sleep all same as baby ; 
this day too hot, lady look very tired," said the woman, as 
she looked in her mistress's face. 

*' I think I will," replied Mrs. Apricot, and closed the 
netting of the crib a little more securely, and then turned 
to go to her own room. The shutters were closed to keep 
out the sun, and she lay down on a long native cane- 
chair and closed her eyes. 

In a very short time a great noise of shouting and cry- 
ing was heard as from the little hospital or dispensary at 
the other end of the compound, and in a few minutes a 
knock at the door told her she was wanted. 

"A woman had taken poison," the hospital coolie said, 
" and was quite unconscious, indeed she looked nearly 

So there was no time for rest, and Mrs. Apricot went at 
once to try the usual antidotes found useful in such cases 

But alas ! when she heard how long the poor creature 
had been unconscious, she realized there was very little 
probability of her recovery, which proved to be the case. 


The story was not an uncommon one. Ah-sing had 
been displeased with his wife, and scolded her, the 
" mother-in-law's fist," proverbially heavy in China, had 
maintained its reputation, adding only fuel to the tire, 
and the woman had, by taking a large dose of opium, 
effectually ended her earthly troubles. But my readers 
must not think all this was coherently explained in a few 
words. It was only after much difficulty that this 
pitiful story was pieced together, for the noise of crying and 
scolding went on while all Mrs. Apricot's efforts were being 
put forth on the poor creature's behalf, and although 
entirely unavailing, there was no sorrow evinced by 
the relatives ; only indignation at the mean way the 
poor ill-treated woman had revenged the wrongs she 
felt at last too heavy to be borne. At last, when some 
amount of quiet could be obtained, the husband, who 
had arrived late upon the scene, asked : 

" May I leave the body here until night-fall, that the 
coffin may be brought after dark to take her away, 
lady ? " 

" Yes, he might do that," Mrs. Apricot answered. 

*' Would she permit his mother and her aunt to remain 
with the body ? " he asked anxiously, for in his mind was 
the oft repeated rumour that the efficacy of Western 
medicine was due to the fact that it was made of the 
contents of the human stomachs of those who died in the 
hospital, or were otherwise got hold of for the purpose. 

Permission was willingly given, and Mrs. Apricot re- 
mained for some time trying to make the two women 
realize the sin of allowing ** angry passions to goad a 
young creature like that to take her own life." 

But nothing of this feeling could be produced in the 
mind of either relative. What they did think of was the 
expense of the funeral, and later on the further expense 
of buying a new wife for the now wifeless husband. 

At last, leaving the Biblewoman to try and succeed 


where she had failed, Mrs. Apricot passed once more 
across the compound to her own home. 

" Arrived-late," her cook and general man of affairs, 
quickly made her some afternoon tea, and, placing it on 
the now shaded verandah, she sat down to recuperate her 
tired body before writing her home letters. 

As she sat there taking tea alone, a couple of sedan- 
chairs were carried across the compound, and very soon 
Mrs. Greyman and her husband joined her on the 

"How is the good doctor?" began Mr. Greyman, 
** busy as usual, I suppose." 

"Yes, indeed," replied the doctor's wife, ''we have not 
had time to read the letters yet, except of course our own 
home ones." 

"Ah ! then you have not heard some good news. When 
Doctor Apricot returns tired and worn out, while he gets 
some food, advise him to let you read him the remainder 
of his letters," he said kindly, noticing the young wife's 
weary looks. 

" How is the baby ? " asked Mrs. Greyman. " I hope 
he does not feel this terrible heat too much for him." 

" Baby is such a treasure, I must fetch him for you to 
see, as soon as I have given you some tea," Mrs. Apricot 
answered, her face lighting up as she spoke ; " and he is 
so well, I am glad to say." 

As soon as she had done her duty as hostess, she 
ran off and fetched the baby, and then, as was natural, 
a little baby-worshipping went on. Little Ronald 
crowed and laughed in such a pretty way that for a 
time he wiped out the sorrowful scenes she had so lately 
been through. 

After baby had gone back to his Amah, Mrs. Apricot 
told them of her experiences since her husband had left 
home, and they quite realized what a fatiguing day she 
had passed through ; so, as soon as they could, the kind 


people took their leave, begging her to try and rest a little 
while before her husband's return. 

She had, however, the mail to prepare, so as quickly as 
possible she sat down to her writing. 

A noise on the verandah roused her, and two Chinese 
women nodded and smiled back at her. 

" Lady, have you leisure ? " asked one. 

" Truthfully no, I have not," thought the lady, but 
second thoughts quickly followed the first, and she 
remembered these were some " of His other sheep " whom 
she must try and win for Jesus the Great Shepherd, so 
she rose up saying : 

*' Leisure, truly, if I can help you. Pray sit down." 

" I have an ulcerated leg, lady," answered the younger 
woman, " and a neighbour of mine came to you early to- 
day, and you gave her much cloth and good medicine and 
she has sent me. Will you heal my leg, too ? " 

So Mrs. Apricot took them down to the dispensary and 
did what she could, then invited them to come again in 
two days, and returned to take up her writmg once more. 

As she sat down and dipped her pen in the ink Amah 
came in with baby. *' Could the lady carry baby for a 
while, and she would get her supper," she wanted to 

So taking baby to the nursery she undressed him, 
sponging him and putting on his little night-gown ; 
she then gave him his supper, and when he slept laid 
him in his crib once more. 

On Amah's return, she ran off to change her dress, for 
the exertions she had just been through had left her 
clothes damp upon her shoulders. 

" Now once more for those letters," she thought, as she 
went down to her writing table. 

Alas ! for the best laid schemes of mice and men ! 
Before she reached the table she discovered the lamp was 
smoking and the room filled with the consequent smell of 


its having done so. It was the work of some time to have 
it rectified, and then supper was ready, and as the doctor 
might be some hours yet, she sat dow^n to her sohtary 

When one eats alone a meal is soon over, and as Mrs. 
Apricot went once more back to her writing, she began 
to feel that sickening weariness that warns one the last 
straw has almost been reached. 

Still the letters must be done. She sat down and 
dashed off a few short notes, finished off her home 
journal, took up her husband's letter and added a few 
lines and closed it ; then from sheer exhaustion she leaned 
her head on her arms and dropped asleep. 

An hour later she awoke chilled through, the wind had 
sprung up, and she had been sitting in a draught. 

At that moment Dr. Apricot's chair was put down on 
the verandah. 

*' I am sorry it is so late, Gertie, but I am both tired 
and hungry ; come and talk to me while I have a meal," 
he said. 

He ran off to wash his hands, while '' Arrived-late " 
brought in the doctor's supper, and his wife wrapped 
herself in a shawl and carried in the letters to read 
to him. 

Out of the first she opened dropped a cheque for £i,yoo 
towards the new hospital from a liberal bequest left to the 
Society for work in China. 

The letter of permission to build and other instructions 
were read. Both weary missionaries rejoiced so at the 
good news and felt so " lifted " with joy they forgot their 
tiredness and the troubles of the day and became quite 

" Why, Charles, it has picked you up like a tonic," she 
said, and he answered briskly, 

*' I must begin my plans to-morrow and secure that 
waste piece of land." Then another letter was opened 


and another " cheer up " was given by the promise of a 
subscription later and most probably a few more to send 
with the writer's own, " but how was it to be sent ? " 

" We will soon write and tell them, won't we, 
Charlie ? " she cried cheerfully, " but will this be enough 
to pay all expenses ? " 

" Oh no, I fear not, but I mean now to appeal for help 
out here from Chinese officials and the Europeans and 
Americans both here and at Shanghai, and the fees I get 
for attending these good people will help to keep us going 
after we once get started." 

" But, Charles, j^ou won't be strong enough to keep on 
like this?" 

" Not like to-day, but every day is not as busy as this 
one or as hot, thank God." 

" Now we must have prayer and thank God for all His 
mercy this day and for answered prayer in sending these 
funds, ay! and the paying patients, too — for that also 
means money for the relief of these poor suffering 

Then they went to look at baby, and Mrs. Apricot at 
last had time to tell of her own busy day and ask after 
the latest patients her husband had seen, and they 
rejoiced that the poor woman had come safely through her 
peril to the relief of herself and the thanksgiving of 
her husband, seeing that the baby when it arrived 
was a boy. 

On his way to bed the doctor got out of his private 
drawer the plans he had drawn up for his hospital and 
looked longingly at them. 

*' Well, we shall have it all in time if we have patience," 
he murmured. 

It was twelve o'clock as he wound up his watch ; he 
noticed he had been up nineteen hours, and on the rush 
all the time. Yet even so this energetic doctor said to 
himself — " I will rest three or four hours, and be off early 


to-day to treat about that waste land, for now we can lay 
our foundations and begin to build, seeing I have not only 
a prospect of funds for building, but by working hard at 
my private practice I shall have funds to enable me to 
keep it going to some definite extent." No wonder he 
slept peacefully the sleep of the just ! 



THE duties of the European doctor had now greatly 
increased on every side. So much was his medical 
and surgical skill appreciated that the natives often 
said his deeds were like miracles and their mouths could 
not speak for astonishment. 

A native gentleman, who was an in-patient in one of 
the private wards for some time, pressed a gift of money 
($ioo) upon the doctor for his work, saying, ** I have 
heard of one of my own countrymen being sick using his 
money for the benefit of his own country's poor people, 
but never have I before heard of a man leaving his own 
country and going to a foreign country to work beneficent 
deeds. I have been lying here watching you, and I see 
you help the poor and rich people all the same fashion. 
This is very surprising." 

Fortunately for the doctor, the medical student was 
progressing so satisfactorily in his training that he was 
now of real service to him. It was well indeed that this 
was so, for even with the help of student and wife it 
takes some hours to see and prescribe for over 280 people 
in a morning, and that in a high temperature, inconvenient 
buildings, and lack of up-to-date materials. 

The doctor, while not neglecting his ordinary hospital 
duties but by lessening his hours of rest, had now the 



responsibility of architect, head builder, general overseer, 
lecturer in theory and practice to his students, general 
practitioner in the city and to the American and other 
missionaries, while his practice among the more wealthy 
Chinese was extending every year, and his influence was 
felt throughout the city. 

This being the case, it will not surprise my readers to 
know that when in the month of October the day of the 
laying of the foundation-stone actually arrived, Chinese 
officials and gentry as well as Europeans, missionaries, 
and native Christians all assembled to see the ceremony ; 
and the services of thanksgiving were indeed the out- 
pouring of grateful hearts, for all the missionaries at 
least felt the impetus and blessing the medical work had 
brought to the Mission. 

In May of the following year the new hospital was 
opened, and every one who by this time knew and loved 
the good doctor, and had been blessed by his ministra- 
tions, mustered upon the premises to congratulate him 
and wish him good success in his future work. 

Foreigners, from the Consul downwards. Mandarins, 
and lesser officials, city merchants, and natives of every 
class and distinction. Missionaries, and native Christians, 
a goodly company indeed, were gathered together. 

As the work had been planned with prayer, and the 
walls had daily risen with renewed prayer, so on this the 
opening day prayer and praise mingled and intermingled 
in the special services of the day. 

When the opening services were over Chinese fireworks 
were heard going off in the garden below. Long streams 
of these crackers tied to long poles are always let off by 
Chinese at any special time of rejoicing ; and this was 
not to be any exception, for was not the opening of the 
hospital of " Universal Benevolence " a thing to b2 
greatly rejoiced over ? And amidst all the noise large 
lacquer boards, having Chinese characters upon them, 



" grateful testimonies from recovered patients," were pre- 
sented to the doctor and hung over the doorways on the 
verandah of the new hospital. 

Then the usual hospitalities suitable to such an 
important function had still to be got through before the 
friends departed. 

Officials, English, American, and Chinese, were received 
by the smiling doctor in the waiting-room of the new 
hospital and served with refreshments by clean-coated 
Chinese servants in the usual ceremonious way due to the 
occasion, while all the ladies, English, American, and 
Chinese, assembled in the drawing-room and on the 
verandah of the doctor's house, and his wife there dispensed 
afternoon tea in her own kind way. 

During the last three months the old hospital had been 
closed for alterations, there was therefore a great in-rush of 
people who had been waiting for medical or surgical relief. 

The new building w^as a large, commodious one, having 
two stories and a basement for storage. There were four 
general wards and ten private ones, able to take in seventy- 
five male and twenty-five female patients. There were 
besides dispensary, consulting-room, office, waiting-room, 
chapel, and reception-room. 

Meanwhile such parts of the old hospital as had not 
suffered from wind, weather, and white ants had been 
rebuilt for the accommodation of more opium patients, with 
the needful kitchens and offices. 

One of the first cases to be taken into a private ward 
in the new hospital for women was Li-T'ai-tai, who 
brought her little boy and had to stop with him while he 
was under treatment. S-pao {" Fourth Precious One ") 
was a delicate little fellow, and gave them some anxiety 
during the first few weeks. 

How quickly Mrs. Apricot became, not the kind lady 
doctor alone, but the loved friend of Li-T'ai-tai ! Their 
common motherhood drew them together. 

A Patient in Hangrchow Hospital when he was 
eighteen months old, 

To face p. 


Often sitting on the verandah in the cool of the day 
gazing across the city of " Heaven-below," to the distant 
hills, Mrs. Apricot, with her own baby in her lap, 
would tell the old sweet Gospel stories to the Chinese 
lady and her little boy. 

" And we can bring all our troubles to Him," asked 
Li-T'ai-tai, "this great God, He cares for us, even women ! 
it seems too good to be true. I cannot understand it." 

" No," replied Mrs. Apricot, " that is quite true ; 
it is so wonderful, and so comforting ; we cannot under- 
stand such goodness and such compassion, but it is all 
true, T'ai-Tai. Do not forget it, when you leave here, 
remember that the God we foreigners have come here to 
teach people about loves us and wants us to love Him. 
He wants us to be happy, and we cannot be truly happy 
until our hearts have learnt to know and love Him." 

In course of time S. Pao recovered, and he and his 
mother, with their attendants, returned home. Whether 
the mind had grasped Divine truth was doubtful, but the 
story of God's love had been faithfully told, and the result 
had to be left for the future. 

Many of the patients were chronic cases of all the usual 
diseases, but their souls were of equal value and interest, 
although the bodily sufferings of one might be greater 
than those of another, and to each and all the salvation of 
Jesus was proclaimed. 

Four of the patients about this time accepted the truths 
of Christianity, and after due preparation were baptised. 

One woman who was blind could indeed praise God for 
the light of the glory of God which had penetrated her 
dark soul. 

Another of the patients at this time became an earnest 
Christian, and having no home claims and showing 
unusual intelligence was trained as a nurse to help Mrs. 
Apricot in the wards. 

She was indeed a Dora, or gift, and became a true 


helper to many of her native sisters both physically and 

Having now one reliable nurse, Mrs. Apricot watched 
for other suitable woman whose hearts God had touched, 
and began to make them useful in the wards as scrubbers 
and cleaners, intending to advance them as they showed 
aptitude for rendering more personal service to others. 

One evening while Doctor and Mrs. Apricot were 
resting after a ceaselessly busy day, and were playing 
with Ronald, now grown a lovely child nearly two years 
old, a call came for the doctor to see a patient who had 
just been brought into the waiting-room. 

It turned out to be a case of cut throat. Mrs. Dong 
was a young girl newly married, who had quarrelled with 
her husband and then in a fit of temper had cut her 

When Dr. Apricot, with Mr. Pao's assistance, had 
sewn up the throat and safely bandaged the wound, he 
sent for Mrs. Apricot and Dora, the nurse, to get her 
settled in one of the private wards. 

The following morning, while washing her preparatory 
to the doctor's visit, the young patient confided the story 
to the kind-faced English lady who waited on her, in the 
following way : — 

*' What made you hurt yourself so badly ? " asked Mrs. 
Apricot, kindly, as she ministered to the young bride. 
No answer. " You might have lost your life," continued 
Mrs. Apricot. 

" I would not have cared," came in a dejected tone 
from the patient. 

*• You are but just married ; are you not happy ? " 

" Ah ! no, that is the reason. I had seen another, who 
wanted me in marriage, and then I would have rejoiced ; 
but it was fated otherwise, and I am not willing to live 
with my husband, I cannot be happy with him. Why, 
why ! are our customs so hard, that we must marry to 


please our parents, and, as the custom chiefly is, to the 
one who will pay most dowry for us ? " answered the 
patient in low, heart-stricken tones. 

The opportunity thus given, Mrs. Apricot, in her sweet, 
gentle way, spoke on wifely duty and a power greater 
than our own which would help us to do what was right 
even when most difficult. Then she talked of the love of 
God, and His power to help and comfort. The young 
patient grew quieter, and listened. 

As the doctor reported her going on well when the hus- 
band called to enquire about her, and suggested she had 
better remain a few weeks, Mr. Dong allowed " it might 
be as w'ell if she stayed," and so the matter was settled. 

Dora, or Do-Ra, as she was called by the natives, was 
much interested, and took great pleasure in teaching her 
to read, giving her lessons every day, and trying to lead 
her to realize herself as a sinner and Jesus Christ as the 
Saviour her soul required. 

A month or so passed away, and Mrs. Dong became 
brighter and more reconciled to the life before her, so 
that when one morning her husband came for her, they 
made up their quarrel, and, with many thanks to the good 
doctor and his wife, they departed happily together. 

But my readers must not think that the work was 
always successful, or that the ordinary trials and dis- 
appointments did not come to the Missionary and his 

On the contrary, they had a double share of anxiety 
and of hard work; but they were young and had a 
constant flow of good spirits which, united to a keen 
sense of humour, came to their rescue, and then they 
rescued others in their turn. 

One evening, as Doctor Apricot went round the wards 
to see how one or two bad operation cases were going on, 
he found the following among other causes of annoyance : 

" Little-Cat " (a boy), who had been under some 


operation, had taken off his bandages to see the size of 
the cut. 

" Honourable-Life" had had his leg set, but the splint 
felt uncomfortable, so " Honourable-Life " had taken it 

A breast operation case had felt no pain, so was sitting 
up in bed and wanted to undo her bandage ! 

" Millions-of-Generations " had eaten his plaster ! He 
was an old, half -starved man, and probably had not had 
enough to eat for months. 

So the tired doctor, calling an assistant, attended to 
them one by one as patiently as if it were early morning 
instead of the fag end of an overfull day. 

" You have been a long time, Charles," his wife said, 
as she looked up from the new frock she was making for 
little Ronald. 

When he told her the detaining cause, she looked up 
brightly. *' Who would believe it?" she said. "They 
really are queer, dear things, aren't they now ? " 

" Have you nearly done tying that business ? " he asked 

Mrs. Apricot stopped to take some pins out of her 

" Do you know what that business is, Charlie?" she 
asked, answering one question with another. 

"I am always afraid to guess; you always make such 
fun of me when I hazard an opinion," he replied, 

" Well, to-morrow is your son and heir's second birth- 
day, and I am busy making a new dress for him, as he is 
having a tea party." 

" A tea party for Ronald ! " exclaimed the Doctor. 

** Yes, for Ronald. Four Chinese ladies are bringing 
their little boys — they have all been cured by you — and 
we are going to have tea, cakes, and games, and so your 
son must have his new dress smocked and finished before 


we go to bed," and the proud mother held up ahttle blue 
silk baby frock, which she had almost finished, for her 
husband to see. 

" What a beauty ! " he exclaimed. '' Won't it spoil ? " 

** No, sir ; and if it soils, it will wash. But your son 
must put on his best to receive your favourites, * Sea- 
hill,' and ' Born in Orchid-time,' * Born-old,' and 
* Heaven's Glory.' " 

"What will such a fine baby's little mother wear to 
receive her guests in ? " asked the doctor. 

*' Oh ' let me see, my pink gown mother sent me is gay 
and washes well if it gets soiled. It is only a cotton, but it 
looks very pretty. The natives do not like us to 
wear all white when we go to see them or they come to 
see us." 

The doctor got up to leave the room. 

" Charles," called his wife, " I forgot to say our own 
Missionaries are coming to tea, and the Consul and 
some others probably. You must be sure and be on 
hand to help me." 

" Cheer up, then, and if no one sends for me, I will do 
my best to be useful at home for a change." 

The birthday party was a great success. Presents from 
natives had been coming in all day for '* Ba-bee," and 
were arranged on tables on the verandah. The Mission- 
aries were not behind the Chinese in their little gifts, and 
a wonderful array of all sorts and kinds of presents was 
on view all day. 

The Chinese little boys, with Ronald in his high chair, 
had a table on the verandah, and they being older than 
their little host, were able to eat of the fruit and cakes 
before them, and of the English birthday cake which 
** Arrived-late " had made under Mrs. Apricot's direction 
and iced in correct fashion, putting Ronald's name in 
Chinese and his birth in the month and year of the reign 
of the Emperor of China. 


" Of course Ronald is having some Chinese cakes " 
began the doctor, seeing Amah feeding her charge. 

" I hope not, he is too young, Charles," said his wife, 
" Ronald will only have sponge cake and milk." 

*' Not any birthday cake?" — the doctor was really 
cutting it to hand round. 

*' No," said Ronald's mother in a decided little tone. 
" Charles, Mr. and Mrs. Greyman are waiting for cake," 
she said aloud, and under her breath she added, " Don't 
tease, Charlie, please, and do hand the cake round 

When tea was over, a pretty little scene took place. 
All the Chinese boys presented Ronald with a little gift, 
and then Ronald's father fetched in a tray with four nice 
sized parcels on it, tied up with red ribbon, and gave one 
at a time to Ronald, who toddled over first to one of his 
little guests and then to another, giving each a present in 
return from himself. As he ran about afterwards laugh- 
ing and clinging to his father's legs or his mother's skirt, 
he quite appeared to know he was in some way a person 
of much importance who had acquitted himself with 

The following day Ronald had another present from his 
mother which he enjoyed best of all, for it was a baby 



THE scourge of opium smoking in China has been so 
thoroughly aired in the public press during the last 
few years, that little need be said here upon the 
subject in the way of introducing one branch of the 
medical work of the Hospital of Universal Benevolence. 

While the opium traffic was not the sole cause of war 
between England and China at the end of the " thirties " 
and beginning of the " forties" of the last century, yet that 
matters connected more or less with the opium trade, and 
more rather than less, were intimately associated with the 
culminating war-ultimatum no one can deny. 

By the treaty of Tientsin, 1858, the Chinese were com- 
pelled to admit opium into the Empire, and at the time 
of which this chapter speaks thousands and thousands of 
victims died annually as a result of the habit which had 
grown upon them, and to cure which they knew no 

That the trade was an awful curse to China was a fact, 
no part of the country being really free from it, though 
the nearer the ports the cheaper the drug, and therefore 
the more victims fell beneath its power. 

And when once the country fell beneath its seductive 



spell the inhabitants realized they could not get the opium 
quick enough, or in sufficient quantities to supply the 
demand, even though from thirty to forty tons a week 
were being sent into the country from India. The Chinese 
therefore took to making it themselves, giving up vast 
tracts of country, used hitherto for rice production, to 
growing the poppy. 

The degrading effect of this drug upon the population 
was soon evident. The rich and the poor alike suffered. 
Officials who, as they said, " played with it," became inert 
and lax in their duty ; merchants in like manner neglected 
their business ; farmers grew careless about their fields, 
artizans were useless and stupid with the use of the drug 
as many days in the week as their wages of the previous 
week were able to provide them with the poison. 

Thousands were reduced to skeletons, who, having 
fallen under the opium snare, preferred opium to food ; 
and when absolute poverty overcame them became objects 
of repulsion to all around them. 

For the drug corrupts the moral sense, destroys every 
virtue and good feeling, and leads men and women once 
upright and virtuous to lie, steal and deceive every one 
they came in contact with, if they can only thereby obtain 
more of the poison or money to buy it. Men sell up their 
homes, bring their parents to penury, sell their wives as 
concubines and their children for lives of sin, if only they 
can obtain money to buy opium. 

Opium dens are sinks of iniquity, and opium smoking is 
usually associated with all the lowest vices, of many of 
which it is impossible to write. 

Sir Thomas Wade, for many years minister at Pekin, 
said to one of the missionaries when speaking on the 
opium traffic, " I have only met one Chinaman who 
defended opium smoking, and he was a non-smoker." 

The ignorance evinced by people who defend opium 
smoking among the Chinese is far beyond that of 


people (if there be any now) who defend drunkenness 
at home. 

In " China's Only Hope " an appeal by Chang Chih- 
ting, one of China's greatest statesmen and formerly 
Viceroy of Hu-peh, and Hu-nan, says: — 

*' Oh, the grief and destitution this drug has brought to 
our people. Opium has spread with frightful rapidity and 
heartrending results throughout the provinces. Millions 
upon millions have been struck down by this plague. 
To-day it is ruining like wild-fire. In its swift and 
deadly course, it is spreading devastation everywhere, 
wrecking the minds, eating away the strength and 
wealth of its victims. The ruin of the mind is the 
most woeful of its many deleterious effects. This 
poison enfeebles the will, saps the strength of the 
body, renders the consumer incapable of performing 
his regular duties, and unfit for travel from one place 
to another. 

*' It consumes his substance, and reduces the miserable 
wretch to poverty, barrenness, and senility. Unless 
something is soon done to arrest this awful scourge in its 
devastating march, the Chinese people will be trans- 
formed into satyrs and devils ! This is the present con- 
dition of our country." 

As mentioned in the Preface, the origin of the 
great Medical Mission now carried on in the city of 
" Heaven-below " was a small Opium Refuge established 
in the year 1870, though, some ten years earlier, efforts 
more or less transient were made to cure the opium 
habits of those willing to undergo treatment. 

And the original purpose has never in the succeeding 
years been lost sight of, for alongside the general work 
of the Hospital there has been carried on the work of 
seeking to rescue the slaves of the opium pipe from this 
soul-and-body-destroying curse. 

In this chapter some illustrations will be given of this 


branch of the work as carried on in the Hospital of 
Universal Benevolence. 

One of the first lady patients who asked for the opium 
cure was Sen T'ai Tai. When she found that her little 
baby continually cried and would not be satisfied until it 
had a few whiffs of the opium pipe, she realised the 
appalling inheritance she was transmitting to her 
children, and became herself willing at all costs to give 
up what she saw would be a curse upon their young lives. 

She heard the Gospel and learnt passages of scripture 
and hymns by heart. The music of the latter attracted her 
greatly, and she managed, with a little help, to make some 
of them out on the harmonium. 

A gentleman who was cured of opium smoking in the 
Men's Refuge was converted in no half-and-half method 
during his stay, for in the following months and years he 
regained, we do not say the position he had lost, but 
something far in advance ; he became a minister of 
the native church in connection with one of the other 
Missions, and an able " fisher of men." So one man 
sows and another enters into his labours and reaps the 

What a tale of saved lives, saved to save others, 
could the walls of that Opium Refuge unfold ! In the last 
day, when the books are opened, we shall know what can 
never on earth be fully told — the story of that work. 

That the women of China (as well as the men) are 
addicted to the habit is, alas ! too true. One lady mis- 
sionary wrote to her friend Mrs. Apricot : '* Of the many 
ladies' houses I visit in this city (' Heaven-below ') only 
four are free from the use of the opium drug." 

** In one house as I entered, the opium divan was all 
disarranged, and I asked my hostess i^ she had been 

" She made excuse, her brother-in-law had been 


*' After reading and explaining the Bible to her, she 
asked if I would buy her a Bible, such as the one I had 
on a previous day lent to her, and in which she professed 
much interest. 

*' One day she came to church ; it was the first time at 
that little church we had had a real Chinese lady. She 
stayed quite a long time. I had been told since my visit 
that she smoked opium. 

" * You must call me by my name,' she said, * and let 
me call you God-mothsr.' 

" I took her hand, saying kindly, ' You would not 
deceive me. Tell me, do you smoke opium ? ' 

" She smiled, but said, in a frightened voice : ' You 
will not come to see me if I tell you.' 

*' ' Oh yes, I will,' I answered. 

" She then told me she did smoke opium, and had done 
so for three years.'' 

Mrs. Apricot sighed as she laid down the letter. " So 
many do it, so many do it," she said, sadly, as she rose 
up to begin work once more. 

In the Men's Opium Refuge much patience and courage 
were needed in dealing with the cases which came for 

During the early period when the drug was first 
stopped, the patients in their anguish were often rough 
and abusive. Even that was easier to combat than when 
they were subtle and ever on one pretence or another 
breaking rules and bribing some one to smuggle the 
opium in to them. 

What hours of patient teaching and wrestling in faith 
for God's power to be manifested in these helpless victims 
often went on ! Missionaries and Catechists alike 
would be worn out before the patient, exhausted with his 
struggle, would fall asleep. Alas ! sleeping only for a 
while, then waking to go through struggles as severe 
many an hour longer before the final victory was won. 


Most difficult are some cases when the craving is upon 
them and the victims feel unable to persevere in the 
course of treatment. Chiefly is the victory won by 
prayer and by drawing the attention away from their 
passionate longing for the drug by some means or 

But the fight against the craving is often nothing less 
than an agony. 

The length of time the opium cure usually takes is one 
month. By the time these four weeks are passed the patient 
may safely return home, being free from the desire for it. 
Scores of cases, even in the early days of the work, had 
been permanently cured, and, better still, through the 
cure they and their friends first heard of the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ, and many believed on Him to the saving of 
their souls. 

Over a hundred such cases were in the hospital in one 
year. Of these a few left in despair, unable to stand the 
suffering of giving up the drug. Over eighty were under 
treatment the whole month and left cured. A few were 
unsatisfactory in other respects, but were cured when 
leaving ; whether they were strong enough to continue 
in well-doing one could not tell. 

The following year as many as 127 opium smokers 
were treated the full term of cure. Here again, how many 
of them stood fast on returning home it would be difficult 
to estimate. The doctor often told people : "These poor 
patients were like half-burnt sticks, easily rekindled." 

" In what way does the giving up of opium affect 
them ? " one interested lady once asked Dr. Apricot. 

" The drug-taking produces intense weakness, and 
when the craving has departed, the system needs many 
months of good food and tonics to build up the constitu- 
tion, and you know well, the ordinary Chinaman cannot 
afford that. Also it takes considerable grit and back- 
bone to break off so formidable a habit — and many a 


Chinaman has a very gelatinous something in place of a 
backbone, and some fall with a very faint struggle." 

One case in hospital told the doctor that his average 
earnings (he was a poor man) were about 100 cash a day, 
about 2id. of our English money. He said he always 
spent 70 cash a day on opium and gave 30 cash to his wife 
for providing the family with food ! His poor wife had to 
eke out the money by winding silk. 

Another time a gentleman asked Dr. Apricot **how 
much he thought people used in a year on opium ?" 

" There are many in this city of ' Heaven-Below ' whose 
opium-smoking costs them not less than 400 dols. a year ; 
some families, and that not a few, whose opium bill is over 
2,000 dols. ; and at least 10,000 dols. a year is consumed in 
many of the yamens." 

A Mr. Li, an official who felt grateful for attentions he 
had received during an illness, pressed a donation for the 
work upon the doctor at the close of his illness, saying 
*' You need more room. The work is hard and the good 
you try to do is great, and for the good of my country 
people. We know this drug smoking is all bad work, 
and leads to no good in any one, but for poor people it is 
ruin, nothing less. I admire your work, and wish you all 
success with it." 

Here we must leave the work at present, but before our 
story closes we shall see a further stage in the history of 
this demoralising drug, which has been the wonder of the 



IN China lepers are numerous, more especially in Mid- 
China and the South. They are frequently allotted 
a dell in which to build their mud huts and live in 
company ; in other cases a street is given over to 
them, or a village ; but in some places asylums are 
provided by the authorities. One thing is in all parts of 
the country evident — the unwillingness on the part of the 
clean to have anything to do with the unclean. 

The Chinese themselves cannot tell the cause of the 
disease. That it is contagious seems very certain, though 
it comes in many cases without known contact. Some 
Chinese think that it is due in some instances to people 
having sheltered through showers of rain under the Chee- 
king-fa tree. They assert that the rain-water, dropping 
from the leaves of this tree upon the exposed parts of the 
body cause leprous eruptions. 

In such cases the disease follows the ordinary course 
of leprosy ; the face and ears, or the hands and feet of the 
sufferer become enlarged, swollen and glossy; finally 
running sores follow, and the bones of the fingers and toes 
drop off and the patient loses the limbs one by one." 

It is a sad fact that lepers marry amongst them- 
selves and often have families, though the children of 
such unions do not always themselves develop leprosy. 



The occupation of lepers is very limited; in some parts 
they are herded together in a small village or hamlet and 
have a little ground which they are allowed to till so as to 
provide rice or sweet potatoes and beans for their own 
use. Where the land is dear, and ground not available 
near their hovels, a tax is levied upon the people, and a 
fixed sum per head is paid to them for food. In cases 
where the grant, always small, rarely ever sufficing its 
allotted time, fails, ere the day of payment comes round, 
lepers frequent shops and refuse to leave, thus preventing 
any trade going on, until the shopman pays out what they 
consider a sufficient gratuity from one of such a standing. 
In other cases they frequent cemeteries and beg from the 
mourners, who know that if they do not freely respond the 
bodies will be unearthed and, as they superstitiously 
believe, the disturbed spirits will return to molest and 
trouble them in one or all of the four scourges, viz., fire, 
water, disease, or death. Little wonder, then, believing 
such to be the case, they give, though unwillingly, to the 
leper suppliants. 

Dr. Apricot, one morning in the summer following the 
opening of the hospital, had been seeing patients in his 
consulting room for some hours, and rose, as one patient 
left the room, going out into the garden where the early 
ummer flowers, roses, lilies, lemon, orange, wisteria, and 
syringa, were making gladness for all in the compound by 
their beauty and sweetness. 

The doctor's last case was one of the most awfully 
diseased lepers he had ever seen, or indeed smelt (for the 
smell of these poor outcasts is often most appalling), and 
he had come out into the fresh air for a few moments 
while the small room was disinfected with some carbolic 
acid, and the fresh air was allowed to blow through it by 
opening the Venetians which were on the sunny side of 
the room, and had been closed on account of the heat. 

As he paced up and down once or twice between the 



flowers, his thoughts passed from their purity to the pure 
and holy Saviour, by whose precious blood the soul, 
leprous with sin, could be washed and made sweet for 
the kingdom of God. What must sin look like to the 
pure all-seeing eye of God ? thought he, as he compared 
the loathsome disease he had just been considering, to a 
sin-stricken soul. 

" I must have a leper-house for men and women," he 
said. ** I could alleviate their sufferings and tell them 
of Jesus Christ as a Saviour from sin, and thus lead 
them to the joys above — for here, there is neither health 
nor joy for them, poor outcasts." 

Having decided this in his own mind. Dr. Apricot 
returned to his consulting room, took up his case- 
book, made an entry of the last case in red ink instead of 
black, blotted it with extreme care, and, though the page 
was not finished, left it blank, turning over to a fresh 
page as the next new sufferer presented himself before him. 

After all the work of the day was over, the tired doctor 
sat down in his private room to write letters, which took 
so long that the small hours of the morning found him 
still begging for money to buy a piece of land over the 
wall of his own garden which could be utilized for both 
men and women lepers, for the time being at any rate. 
It was a convenient block, having two buildings in two 
different yards with an enclosing wall, and would be very 
suitable, he thought, for beginning operations for the 
relief of these afflicted people. 

He was therefore very late going to bed, and, over tired 
in brain and body, could not sleep when he did get there. 
Morning dawned all too soon, and with it the noise and 
hum of city life was once more afloat. Weary, the doctor 
rose to begin a fresh day without fresh vigour, and the 
usual duties hung wearily as the hours wore away. 

At tififln, when the doctor and Mrs. Apricot met, she 
noticed the grey, weary appearance of her husband. 


*' Charlie, I am sure you are not well," she said. 

" No, not quite," he replied, and yawned as he sat 
down in his chair — another yawn following hard after. 

'^ Are you sleepy, already ? " 

" No ! I really don't think so," he said, but he yawned 
again. " I know I did not sleep well last night, I was 
too late getting to bed." 

The doctor served his wife, and then leaned his head 
on his hand. 

" Do try and eat, Charhe," said Mrs. Apricot ; " fasting 
won't improve your health, working as you do so hard 
every day." 

*' I really don't think it possible to touch food just 
now," and he shivered from head to foot. " Perhaps I 
have an attack of malarial fever coming on." 

She rose and fetched her thermometer, and took his 
temperature at once. It was over 103°, and she did not 
wonder he was out of sorts. 

" You must go to bed, Charlie, at once, and I will give 
you some medicine," she urged gently. 

" I think I will," he replied. " I must have been fight- 
ing it for a day or two past." 

There was much consternation as Mrs. Apricot 
called "Arrived-late," and told him the doctor was 
ill with fever. He ran upstairs, closed the Venetian 
shutters, and helped his master into bed — while Mrs. 
Apricot got hot-water bottles and medicine for her 

Her tears fell fast for a moment as she realized all he 
meant to her and the natives around them, and pra3/ed 
God to raise him up quickly to again carry on the work 
He had given him to do. 

She found that " Arrived-late " had sensibly taken away 
the sheets and wrapped the poor shivering man in 
blankets. Then, leaving her with the doctor, he went 
down, prepared a tray with some luncheon for his 


mistress, and carried it to the bedroom, that she could 
finish her lunch beside him. 

Amah crept in quietly when Ronald was having his 
afternoon sleep to see if she could do anything to help 
her dear mistress. 

" I think you not very much fret — doctor number one 
strong man. Fever very bad one two days, but then one 
day come some better," she said, trying to comfort her 
with hope that in a few days the worst would be over. 

At night the doctor's temperature was 104°, and Mrs. 
Apricot and Amah gave a wet pack, for now the fever was 
running very high, and the head was exceedingly trouble- 

But two hours later the temperature was higher still, 
105'', and the doctor was unconscious. " Arrived-late " 
never thought of going to bed ; he was in and out of the 
room in his bare feet, silently fetching and carrying, only 
too happy to be of service. 

"Fetch water from the well, very cold," Mrs. Apricot 
said, "several pails full, and fetch bath here beside bed." 
In a short time the other coolies were roused, and, 
between them, they lifted the unconscious doctor wrapped 
in the wet pack into the bath. 

After a few moments he was lifted again in the cold, 
wet sheet on to the blanket and wrapped in mackintosh 
and a little brandy was given. 

After another hour the temperature was again taken and 
found to be lower, but still 104°, so Mrs. Apricot again gave 
a cold water bath as before. After a fresh period of waiting 
the temperature was found to be still lower, only 103°, 
and the doctor appeared to sleep. In twenty minutes 
a heavy perspiration, much more free than the 
former ones, broke out, and the doctor became conscious 
again. After due waiting he was rubbed down and put 
into dry warm flannels and fresh warm blankets. Having 
taken some brandy and milk he fell asleep, and at mid,- 


night awoke feeling much better, and praised his faithful 
wife for her clever treatment, promising her a diploma as 
soon as he was well enough to present it ! 

This gentle raillery relieved the tension and brought 
smiles to her face once more. 

In the morning the doctor's temperature was 102°, and 
he felt a great deal better, but weak and drowsy. After a 
few days' rest he recovered a normal temperature and 
pulse, and went off on the sixth day for a few days' stay 
on the hills, where the remains of his illness took to 
themselves wings and flew away. 

The mail from England which brought replies to the 
doctor's letters re funds for a leper refuge carried with it 
subscriptions from his friends in Scotland, members of 
the Leper Mission, which enabled him, with other funds 
he had already raised, to buy the land on the other 
side of the garden wall of his own compound and adapt 
the buildings he found there to a small refuge for women, 
in one yard, and for men in the other yard. A wall 
enclosed both yards and made it a convenient annexe 
to the general hospital grounds. 

To secure suitable attendants and a cook and coolie 
was the next business, and when that was done the 
buildings were consecrated by prayer to the Glory of God 
and the good of lepers. 

Once the hospital was secured there was no lack of 
patients for either the men's department or the women's. 

The Women's Leper Hospital had accommodation for 
six patients. 

The patients did not pay anything here, as in the 
General Hospital, for board, but were taken in free of 
charge, being supported by the Mission to Lepers, and 
allowed to stay as long as they liked, or until they died. 

One patient, a school-girl, had been in one of the 
American Mission Schools for over seven years. Leprosy 
developed when she was fifteen, but the symptoms were 


not recognised, and she was kept on at school. She 
was an earnest Christian and a very bright, amiable 
girl, and Mrs. Apricot gladly utilised her to teach her 
companions in affliction to read and knit, and above all, 
those divine truths which she herself believed. 

" Cloud," another leper patient, younger than the 
others, gave her benefactors trouble of rather an unusual 
character. This poor young woman had a great desire 
to be married, and as the nature of her disease was only 
marked by her hand, which appeared like a bird's claw, 
and a small patch on one cheek, she could not, or would 
not, understand why for her to contract marriage was 
such an undesirable thing. True, many would see her 
and not, at that stage of the disease, know she had 
leprosy. Her parents wanted money, and had been, it is 
believed, the first to suggest this means of obtaining some, 
but the girl herself was more than willing to oblige them. 
So after Mrs. Apricot had striven vainly with her she at 
last left the shelter which otherwise might have been hers 
while her life lasted. 

One woman in the hospital, a Christian called 
*' Beautiful" (so-called because she was good-looking 
when young), was a very sad case ; though not old she 
had suffered so much as to have the appearance of a very 
aged woman. Her leprosy became worse and worse until 
she seemed to be a mass of disease and decay. Yet, as 
the earthly house of her tabernacle dissolved, her spirit 
became more and more bright and happy. 

All the Missionaries and native Christians loved, in 
spite of the distressing appearance of the woman, to go 
and see her, and came away rejoicing in God's. power 
manifested in her. 

She was often a real blessing to Mrs. Apricot, cheering 
her amid much that, in the nature of her work, would at 
times cast her down, or bring a shadow of anxiety upon 
her usually happy face. One morning she said " Shadows, 


lady, only last during this life, so we may well be brave ; 
in the kingdom of God the Sun of righteousness shines 
in all His glory and no shadows cross the brilliance of 
His shining." 

**True words, * Beautiful,'" replied the Missionary, 
" God does indeed use you to teach me to have more 
patience and trust in Him." 

" Speak not such words, lady beloved," replied 
"Beautiful," " I am truly the least of those He deigns to 
call His children." 

" How is it, ' Beautiful,' you are so happy and contented, 
with all your affliction ? Many would worry and fret con- 
tinually," asked Mrs. Apricot gently. 

'* Ah, beloved lady, perhaps it is because I am so 
loathsome here, and am going so soon now, to have a 
clean, pure body, like Christ's own glorious body, and to 
have His beautiful robe of righteousness to clothe me. 
When this burden-of-diseased-flesh is quickly put out of 
sight to sleep in the garden of God, ' Beautiful' herself 
will be awake and praising God in His kingdom above." 

Tears rolled do\/n Mrs. Apricot's cheeks, as she thought 
" out of the mouths of babes .... hast Thou per- 
fected praise." 

The evening shadows were falling when the doctor 
came in to see " Beautiful " and found her so weak he 
thought she would not live through the night. 

" Doctor," she whispered faintly. 

*' I am here, 'Beautiful,'" he replied. 

" When I was young," she said, " they called me 
Beautiful because I was good-to-see in their eyes, but this 
affliction has made my body foul, my face — much- 

The words came slowly and faintly, but the doctor 
waited, praying in his heart for the passing soul of his 

" Soon — over — now," she continued, " one— look — 


Jesus — all forgotten — pure — and clean — for — ever — 

*'When you wake up you will be fully satisfied," said 
the doctor gently, "satisfied when you awake in His 

The other patients had crept in softly — the leper nurse 
sobbed in a subdued sort of way in the corner of the little 
ward, the last rays of the sunset fell across the bed, and 
Dr. Apricot bent down to catch the words, if possible, of 
the quickly stiffening lips. The arch enemy of souls 
was having a last battle with the poor departing spirit. 

" True — a — leper — once, but — washed — made — clean — 
in — Jesu's — blood. 

The doctor knelt down and pra3-ed distinctly, hoping 
she could hear, if not yet loosed from her body. 

" Our loving Father, look in Thy loving mercy on the 
departing soul of this Thy child. Suffer not the devil to 
harass her mind with doubts. We praise Thee for her 
patience and trust ; for her courage and hope, and all the 
lessons Thou hast taught us through her. Oh grant her 
even now as we wait a peaceful passage into Thy presence 
and may fulness of joy be hers for evermore. Amen." 

When they rose the ward was in darkness. Nurse 
Do-ra brought a lamp and they saw " Beautiful " had 
reached " her Father's house in peace," 

A small room capable of holding all the lepers was 
arranged as a chapel, and here, morning by morning, the 
catechist would hold a service for all who could get there. 

The bedridden lepers were taught daily beside their 
beds, and evening prayers closed the duties of the day in 
each ward. So from their entrance into the hospital 
gospel teaching was a regular feature of the routine of the 

As a rule these services were much valued and enjoyed 
by the patients. Of earthly hope there was none, and 
the desire of missionaries and catechists alike was to lead 


these poor outcast men and women to fix their hopes on 
things above. 

Often discouraged in the work, but never giving up 
hope, the seed was day by day faithfully sown, and brought 
forth fruit in greater or lesser degree, according to the 
faith of the recipients. 

Some asked for baptism, and after giving evidence of 
their faith, were baptised and received into the Church of 

Among the men lepers good results were also seen from 
the general behaviour and example of those who became 
Christians. By their cheerfulness and amiability others 
were won for the Christ whom they themselves had but 
lately begun to trust in. 

Of these " Beseech-Mercy " was the most beautiful 
illustration ; his case was most pathetic. 

He was in the Leper Home, but when that Home became 
too small. Dr. Apricot secured, through the kindness 
of friends, a large piece of land by the West Lake, outside 
the city, some three or four miles up among the hills, 
where he built a beautiful Home which would accommo- 
date forty or more lepers, and *' Beseech-Mercy " was 
one of the first transferred there. He was led to Christ 
during the first years of his residence under the care of 
the Hospital doctors. 

Always a favourite because of his simple faith and 
contented spirit, he grew to be a dear friend to the 
Missionaries, strengthening their patience and faith by 
his own during the years he tarried with them. 

The leprosy gained steadily upon his poor frail body, 
but his spiritual strength increased month by month. 

One Christmas he was asked what he would like to 
choose for a Christmas gift from the kind doctor and his 
wife, who, while they could gauge the desires of those who 
were less afflicted, found it hard to imagine what would 
give most pleasure to one so grievously burdened. 


" Beseech-Mercy " replied: — 

" Lady beloved, I should like a hymn-book of my own 
and a hassock to kneel upon." 

He had no doubt as to his wants ! 

Wondering if the hymn-book would be of any service 
to him as he was quite blind, they got him a red one, 
knowing the pleasure red things give to the Chinese, and 
the hassock also was presented. 

Before he died the hassock was well worn by this 
faithful Christian, who prayed continually, with all faith 
and expectation, for himself and the work and his fellow 
lepers. He ever tried, by teaching what he had himself 
learnt, both by precept and example, to lead others to 
Christ, and was successful in several cases. 

The hymn-book he utilized by getting the lepers who 
could see to sit by his bedside and read his favourite 
hymns over to him until he learnt many by heart. He 
was very fond of singing, and was often heard teaching 
the others to sing. 

When the ladies went up with the doctor or his wife to 
see the lepers it became a usual thing to assemble in 
" Beseech-Mercy's " room and say : 

*' Now * Beseech-Mercy ' sing to us before we go." 

And turning a radiantly bright (although diseased) face 
to his friend, he would sing, meaning every word of it, 
" There is a happy land, fair fair as day." 

One day in the hot summer months when the doctor's 
wife was nursing some one in the Missionary's Convales- 
cent bungalow, she received a message that " Beseech- 
Mercy " wanted much to see her. 

*'Well, * Beseech-Mercy,' what can I do for you?" 
Mrs. Apricot asked tenderly of the leper saint. 

'* I want you to care for the son of * Willing Service,* 
he has been as a son to me in my much troubled and 
afflicted life, and he is anxious about him, and I would 
beg this favour for him before I die." 


** Yes, I will do what I can, and try and arrange to 
take him into my Children's Home, if that will ease your 

*' Great thanks, lady, great thanks ; I wanted to arrange 
this relief from anxiety for ' Willing Service ' about his 
child before I passed over." 

As Mrs. Apricot sat beside him he said : 

" I do not wish any unnecessary expense when I die ; 
any old box will do for my body and this old suit of 

Another time he said : 

" I shall be glad if God will take me home soon." 

He had no fear ; he only longed to be free from earth 
and present with the Lord. 

Just before he died in the autumn, when the Lake side 
looked glorious in its autumn colouring and the leaves 
were beginning to fall, Mrs. Apricot saw him again. 
" Willing Service " was lovingly ministering to him as of 
old, but sorrowfully now, realizing that the time his 
father in Christ would be with him was daily growing 

His request this time was to be buried in a fresh white 

Mrs. Apricot waited till the dressings were finished and 
then read to him from the Bible. 

''Sing me the 'Happy Land,' lady beloved," said 
the saint. 

And with her heart aching for him she sang the song 
he loved so, of the home above, the sorrows over, and the 
victory won. The lepers had all gathered in and knelt 
reverently as prayer was offered up for " Beseech- Mercy " 
that he might have an abundant entrance into the Life 

All the lepers were hushed in their spirits — they realized 
that the friend who had loved them, and had tried to lead 
them to the place whither he himself was going, was even 


now at the crossing of the river, and would soon be 
passed out of their sight. 

Two days later, surrounded by them all, he passed over 
at midnight to meet the Lord of Glory in His Home so 

They laid his body in a white suit and wrapped it in a 
white wadded quilt and enclosed it in a plain coffin, on 
the lid of which one of the lepers wrote in Chinese : 

"Beseech Mercy." 

Aged 34. 

Died in the Lord. 

Nov. 14, 1905. 

Mrs. Apricot and the other ladies, with the doctors, 
assembled in the leper chapel for the first part of the 
service, which was taken by the Chinese pastor. 

They had plucked handfuls of chrysanthemums, pure 
and white, as they came from the Pagoda Convalescent 
Home, and these they placed upon the coffin as it was 
carried to its last resting place. Here another native 
pastor finished the service, and after singing the sainted 
leper's favourite hymn, Dr. Apricot prayed. Few who 
heard it will forget that touching thanksgiving for the life 
of the leper who had passed away, for the lessons of 
patient hope and courage learnt at his bedside, and the 
prayer that his life might still influence those left behind 
to follow in his footsteps as he followed Christ. 

So within sound of the lapping waters of the lake, 
amid the beauty of the autumn day, they left the tired 
body to sleep until " the daybreak and the shadows flee 



OUR story is of the medical work of a Mission, and 
therefore few workers other than the Medical 
Missionaries come into the narrative. 

Other Missionaries, however, clerical and lay, married 
or single, had come out year by year in increasing 
numbers to join the Mission circle of " Heaven-Below," 
and to work in the surrounding towns and villages. 

The home-life of the married Missionaries was 
especially helpful to the native Christians, who marvelled 
to see the equality of husband and wife, and their mutual 
helpfulness in the Mission work. 

The presence of the ladies and their efforts in the 
Mission-field also greatly strengthened the general work of 
the Church, for women as a rule in China do not attend 
places of worship where there is only an unmarried 
Missionary or unmarried Catechist ; and where the women 
in the home are not secured for Christ and the Church, 
they are an added weapon in the hands of the devil to 
hinder the men from entering the Kingdom. 

So the work and responsibility of Dr. Apricot had 
considerably increased from a medical point of view in 
the care of health of the Missionaries. 

** Gertie/' said Dr. Apricot one morning when he sat 


down to lunch, " could you do with a visitor for a short 
time, say a couple of weeks ? " 

" I think so, Charlie ; who is coming ? " she replied. 

*' No one, unless you will promise to take care of your- 
self, and not let the extra work be too much for you." 

" Well, I promise to do my best. Now, who is it ? " 
inquired his wife eagerly. 

" I thought it would do Miss Floymer such a lot of 
good to spend a little while here and play with the babies, 
and learn to laugh again. She has had fever, and does 
not pick up quickly enough, and things worry and try 

" All right," said his wife cheerily, " we will put her to 
sleep next door to the nursery, and then she can hear 
their happy chatter, and baby laughter, when I have to 
be busy." 

'' You had better try and do a little less, and have a 
ride after four every day ; you get sadly too little exercise, 
Gertie, yourself." 

"I get such a lot up and down steps at the hospital, up 
and down here, looking after patients and babies, home, 
and refuges— my dear Charles, I truly don't know how I 
am to get any more," and his wife shrugged her shoulders. 

" I know you do wonderfully, my wife, but I often 
grieve that your life is passed so much in serving ; you 
must pull in a little and get out-door air more." 

The next day Miss Floymer arrived in time for lunch, 
and Mrs. Apricot took her into a pretty room, where she 
saw many little evidences of her hostess's thoughtful 

" Now, dear, this is your room while you are with us. 
Lie down whenever you feel tired on the long chair out 
there on the verandah. These books are all pretty stories 
and will rest your head from Chinese work," Mrs. Apricot 
said, as she pointed to a little bookcase she had placed on 
the mantel-shelf. 


" Ah ! those flowers ! How lovely they are ! " cried 
Miss Floymer, burying her nose in some freshly-picked 
syringa blossoms. " There are such a lot of bushes in 
my father's shrubberies of syringas just like those. It 
was kind of you to put them there for me." 

''Now we shall just have five minutes to unpack your 
things into these cupboards, and then you will feel at 
home," said Mrs. Apricot. 

When the luncheon bell sounded they had finished 
putting things tidy and went down to lunch. 

The fun and laughter at lunch was quite new to the 
young Missionary, who had been living with others 
engrossed in their work. She had been feeling very 
lonely for some weeks lately while she had been wrestling 
with the language previous to taking her first year's 
examination. Then fever had pulled her down, and while 
she was ill the loneliness was emphasised still more. So 
the good doctor, who always saw farther than most 
people, knew his wife's brightness and love and his 
babies' merry talk were really the little bit of home life 
that would hearten up the invalid more than his medicine. 

The children, in their spotless white clothes, came in 
after lunch to see *'Daddie"; and little Ronald and 
Baby Fergus had just a quarter of an hour of fun and 
games with their father and mother before he began his 
work once more. 

" Daddie, let me walk up you to see the shining place 
on your head," cried Ronald, who had played that game 

So he began holding himself stiffly on to his father's 
hands, and after several fruitless efforts at last reached 
his father's shoulders, where he sat as proudly as any king 
upon a throne. 

''How big is the place now, Ronald?" asked his 
mother, who pretended she could not see it, and 
depended anxiously on Ronald's examination for a daily 


report of the wee bald patch that had begun to shew 
itself on the Doctor's head. 

*' It's velly big now, Musser," cried the child. 

" How big, Ronald ? " she asked. 

" One money's big," he replied. 

** As big as a cash ! Oh ! Ronald, what can we do for 
poor Daddy ? " 

" I'se give him some of my curls to put on, Musser," 
and as he spoke the child tore a little handful of 
his own curls from his head and held them out to his 

" Ronald has really pulled quite a lot of hair out of his 
head to cover up your wee patch, Charlie ; do look,'' said 
his wife. 

" I never saw such a child," said Miss Floymer. '* Did 
you not hurt yourself, Ronnie ? " 

" Didn't hurt nothing," said the child, flushing. 

" Oh ! Mums, it won't stick on," and Ronnie began to 
cry. " Won't stick on, Mums," he sobbed. 

The Doctor lifted the child down from his shoulder. 
" Never mind, Ronald, come and see father get on 
gee-gee. Where is that piece of bread you were going to 
give the brown gee-gee ? " 

The Doctor pulled the verandah bell, and the ma-foo 
brought round his horse, and then held Ronald up to give 
the bread. 

"Now, good people," said the Doctor when he had 
mounted, " these are my orders. Take the babies to 
Amah, and both of you lie down and rest for an hour. 
Then you can amuse 3'ourselves as you like till three-thirty, 
when I have, ordered two horses to come round, and I 
want you to ride out to the Sanatorium and make tea for 
me ; I shall be there about four-thirty. You can send 
one of the coolies over with the things now, and tell him 
to have boiling water and tea ready for us." 

'' Good-bye," shouted Ronald. " Bye-bye," cried 


Fergus, waving his baby hands, and the doctor was soon 
out of sight. 

"Where has the Doctor gone to?" asked Miss 

" Oh ! I really don't know," Mrs. Apricot replied, "to 
see private patients, probably, among the Chinese or 
Americans, or Europeans. He must have a good round 
to do if he won't be at the Sanatorium before 4.30. Now 
we must obey orders," and, picking up Baby Fergus, and 
taking Ronald by the hand, she said, " Off to see Amah, 
and the nursery gee-gee. Children, come along." 

" Now, do turn in and rest yourself, or read, until it is 
time to get ready. Have you a riding habit with you ? " 
asked Mrs. Apricot. 

" Yes, the Doctor told me yesterday morning to get 
the tailor to make one for me, as I should want one 
here, and the man really got it done and brought it this 

"Are not the Chinese quick about things like that? 
Well! good-bye." 

The ride out to the West Lake Sanatorium was always 
a treat and in the lovely clear afternoon both ladies much 
enjoyed it. There the doctor soon joined them, and 
after tea they all rode back together, arriving just before 

"Now run in and have a hot bath and put on dry 
things both of you," said the doctor as he made off to 
take his own advice, for they had ridden back very 

The days went by all too swiftly for Miss Floymer, who 
enjoyed every minute of the time. 

" Could you do the flowers for me this morning ? " 
Mrs. Apricot asked her guest one breakfast time. 

" With pleasure," Miss Floymer answered. 

" * Morning Glory ' has brought in whole traysful, but 
I have no time|this morning." 



So while the Women's Hospital was receiving Mrs. 
Apricot's attention and the weekly stores and accounts 
were being attended to, Miss Floymer was busy making 
the house beautiful and sweet with fresh flowers. 

Ronald, escaping from the nursery while Amah put 
Fergus to sleep, came " to see the velly pletty fowers." 

" Musser puts the red ones in them glasses, Mum's 
does," he informed her critically. 

" I think these white flowers would look well in that 
tall glass, don't you, Ronny ? " asked Miss Floymer. 

" Yes," doubtfully ; " but the most beautifuller ones 
goes on Daddy's desk and some like them goes on Mum's 
desk, too, they does, all same fashion." 

*' Oh ! Ronnie, you Chinese child," laughed Miss 

" Ah ! those isn't deaded ones, you frow away some 
what isn't deaded, Miss Floymers," continued Ronald, 
"Those is breaving (breathing), them is, and it hurts 
dreflly to be throwed away when you isn't deaded," and 
the child picked up the hardly faded flowers tenderly 
one by one. 

" My gee-gee likes fowers to be in his stabul, he likes 
to see them when they is just breaving, then when they 
stops breaving he eats them up," announced Ronald. 

" Amah want Ronnie, come to by-bye," said that good 
woman, picking up the child and waiting a moment to 
pass a word or two with Miss Floymer. 

" Your body nearly well," said Amah, " cheeks no use 
any paint now." 

" Oh, Amah, I never use paint," exclaimed Miss 
Floymer, righteously indignant. 

" No, your cheeks you come here all same like that lily, 
now look like this red flower. Lady know what you just 
want, have plenty eat, much happy time. Lady number 
one good, all same fashion Jesus good ; the Doctor good, 
all same fashion too," 


" Do you love Jesus, Amah ? " Miss Floymer asked, 
looking at her strong, happy face. 

" Many years love Jesus, many years Amah serve 
Jesus, copy Lady and the Doctor, and tell other people 
that Jesus love them much and comfort their hearts," 
replied the woman." 

" I don't wonder you are happy living here. Amah," 
said Miss Floymer, as she began the last jar of flowers. 

*' Jesus live everywhere, no place Missee go work, no 
find Jesus' love comfort her heart. Now, Missee, go lie 
down and Amah bring Ronald go by-bye and then bring 
Missee some food." 

When Mrs. Apricot looked in once during the morning 
she found her guest fast asleep. 

Later in the day when they returned from their ride 
Miss Floymer told them she was going home the next 
morning as she felt quite well. She also told them of 
Amah's comforting message to her " she could go to no 
place to work where Jesus did not live, and where His 
love could not comfort her heart." 

*' Amah is a very happy Christian, she told me your 
white, sad face made her pray for you every day to 
quickly get well and rejoice in Jesus." 

** Does it not teach us how much the natives take 
knowledge of us, even when we don't speak," said the 
Doctor. " I am always trying to impress it upon you young 
missionaries that you can work for God far more truly 
when you keep your bodies in health and 3'our spirits 

" I can never tell you how much I have enjoyed my 
visit to you both," said Miss Floymer, as she said good- 
bye the following morning. 

"It is sweet of you to say so, for we have really done 
very little for you, we are always so busy," said Mrs. 
Apricot, kissing her. ** Come and see us sometimes, 
don't forget." 


" Good-bye, — remember you have joined the Cheer-up 
Society," said the doctor as he helped to raise her chair 
to the cooHes' shoulders. 

As they turned into their own room again the doctor 
put his hand on his wife's shoulder saying, " Your medi- 
cine has cured her completely — love and brightness were 
really all she needed, and you gave it freely." 

" Ah ! Charlie, you and the babies helped, too," she 
replied, " but it was worth while, she was so very happy 
while she was here ! " 

Many such "cheer-ups" were given by the doctor and 
his wife during the years as they sped by, and many a 
useful life was kept out in the field for active service by a 
brief but bright and happy visit to Dr. and Mrs. Apricot 
just at the right moment. 



AS the years passed the doctor's work continually 
increased in the large Mission Hospital. 
Native attendants were trained, men for the 
Men's Hospital and women for the Women's Hospital. 
Students had been received in the Medical School for a 
course of five years' training, and had passed out fully 
qualified to be a blessing to their fellow men both bodily 
and spiritually. Others had stayed on to help in the 
Hospital as house surgeons or assistants in the Dispensary 
and native work. 

These students were drawn from the Mission schools 
and colleges, and as some were sent to the doctor who did 
not appear suitable, from the intellectual point of view, 
to train for medical work, he urged *' that only the best 
young men were of any good for his work." 

" This work," he wrote, " is not easy for intelligent 
men, and is altogether beyond stupid ones ! The students 
who come to be trained in medicine and surgery must also 
be earnest, intelligent Christians and able to teach the 
gospel as well as live it ; loving unto all men, unselfish, 
patient, honest and reliable. None of your '' stickit 
ministers " are any good for medical missionary work, so 
please don't send them." 


Dr. Apricot had about this time the help of a 
European colleague, who, however, ultimately went into 
Government employ. 

The well-earned furlough of the doctor and his wife 
was passed in the homeland, and among the heather 
breezes their health was restored, their souls revived, and 
courage was renewed. 

On returning to their work they took out a governess 
for the little children whom it would otherwise have been 
impossible to have with them in a land where natives 
know no reserve in their conversation, and where children 
pick up unconsciously the language which has cost their 
parents years of weary toil, and so understand more than 
is good for them. 

Years followed in quick succession, and Ronald and 
little Fergus grew up to be merry laughing boys, filling 
their parents' hearts with gladness and enjoying life as 
only children can. They won all hearts wherever they 
went ; the Chinese were delighted to have them come in 
and out and make merry for them. 

Nothing brings the smile to tired faces and rests the 
weary brain more quickly than the innocent fun and 
wholehearted laughter of young children, and during 
their busy life, overflowing with care of others, the 
merriment of the boys was ever the speediest rest to their 
devoted father and mother. Nevertheless, the burden of 
souls was ever pressing on the hearts of the doctor and 
his wife as they walked amid the sick and suffering 
beneath their care. 

Great help was rendered by their trained medical 
assistants and the female nurses, especially Do-ra, who was 
nurse, Biblewoman, and friend to Mrs. Apricot, and an 
example and support to the other nurses in their frequent 
trying situations. 

For women who have not much power of resistance, it 
was often difficult to obey the rules and regulations of 


hospital wards, and not wink at the disregard of the same 
when pressed by the patients to do so. Their good 
temper and strength of character were often greatly 

Mrs. Apricot on her part found things no less trying 
when irregularities of this kind took place. If a nurse 
was reproved before the patients for some fault which may 
have proved very injurious to the recovery of the patient, 
she would at once take umbrage that *' her face had been 

For Chinese servants, in whatever capacity they serve, 
would rather at any time lose a situation which from 
every point of view it was to their benefit to retain, than 
retain it after they had " lost face " before a third party. 

The number of in-patients in the men's wards of this 
large Hospital kept increasing year by year. From 400 
in one year it became 500 the next year and 600 the year 
after. This shows what the work was in one department 
only of this beneficent mill. 

In the women's wards as many as one hundred patients 
were nursed through illness or operation in one year. 

The out-patients had continued to increase in like pro- 
portion. One year 10,000 new patients were ministered 
to, not counting old patients who came over and over 
again, now that they knew and loved the friends who had 
been so good to them in previous illnesses. 

Another year 13,000 new patients were registered on 
the books, again not counting the thousands who paid 
numerous visits as old patients with new diseases. 

The difficulty of the doctor and his wife was not to get 
Ilea/ to the Chinese ; they could never get away from 
them, except they went for a holiday completely out of 
their own district ; for the hospital was the centre to 
which the Chinese gravitated perpetually. 

They still had to be careful of letting their medicines 
go too cheaply, even to the poor ; for what the Chinese 


get too easily they regard as inferior and value as lightly, 
thinking what is given freely has cost little to those who 
give it. So those who were able to pay were charged for 
their attendance and medicine, and they valued it the 
more in consequence. 

Through the kindness of many friends, a very large 
number of the very poor were, however, treated abso- 
lutely free of all expense. This again tempted others to 
plead poverty who could really afford to pay the very 
small fee of f d. which was charged to the ordinary poor, 
but of course the fee for medical help varied with the 
social position of the sufferer. 

As an instance of the above, an old man begged very 
hard to be excused paying the three farthings, as he was 
in great poverty. 

** Are you really so very poor ? " asked the kind-hearted 
doctor, looking at the dirty ragged patient before him. 

" Indeed, truly, doctor, this old one is exceedingly 
poor," replied the patient, '* have compassion upon me 
and excuse the fee, for I am sick and old." 

"Very well," replied the all-too-compassionate doctor; 
now let me see what is the matter with you." 

After the case was diagnosed, on account of his poverty 
and disease, he was entered as an in-patient and forwarded 
to the Men's Hospital. 

The following day the sum of four dollars (equal to 
eight shillings) was found under the man's pillow. 

" Freely ye have received, freely take;' is the Chinese 
way of proceeding, but it is not good for the funds of a 
medical hospital which has to pay its own way to some 
considerable extent. 

Another set of eight students were now under training ; 
medical books were being translated into Chinese ; men 
were being trained as ward helpers ; opium smokers were 
cured ; lepers cleansed (partially at any rate) ; children 
rescued ; to say nothing of the scores of women who were 


attended in the Women's Hospital and men in the Men's 
Hospital ; and to one and all the Gospel of the Grace of 
God was lovingly preached. The heathen all heard, 
many believed, and asked for baptism, believers were 
strengthened in their faith, while their bodies were under 
healing treatment, and God was honoured in their midst. 

The good news of the arrival of Dr. Fairfield to share 
their labours came to Dr. and Mrs. Apricot when their 
hearts were bowed down with a more intimate sorrow of 
their own. 

The time had arrived when they felt it wise to send 
their children home to share the education of other boys 
of their own age and ability. 

What this trial was in anticipation was as nothing to 
the pain of separation when the time actually arrived. 
God, Who knows all things, and parents who have under- 
gone a like trial, can alone fully gauge the bitterness of 
the cup they drank in the hour they said '' good-bye." 

As the little tender stood below at the side of the big 
P. & O. ship, which was to carry the laddies and their 
governess to the home-land, the parents had all they could 
do to endure the pain, which well-nigh broke their hearts. 
The cheery doctor fought hard for the boys' sakes as well 
as his wife's, and his last words as the tug parted from the 
steamer were as characteristic of their father as could be 

" Good-bye, Ronald, cheer up. God bless you both, 
don't forget to say your prayers and take care of little 

The soul anguish of the next few hours, when only God 
could speak comfortable words, passed at last ; but the 
children's happy chatter, their merry shouts at play, the 
evening hour ere bedtime, these could never come back 
again. When next they saw their lads they were manly 
young fellows, holding their own among other boys. 
Well it was for the doctor and his wife that things had 


to be reorganised and rearranged when they returned to 
their work a few days after the separation from their 

They were accompanied on their return by Dr. Fair- 
field, who had just arrived in Shanghai, and who had, of 
course, after the first day or two of settling down and 
being welcomed was over, to put his chief energies into 
learning the language. He could, however, for an hour 
or two a day, do much as a recreation to himself, which 
was at the same time an immense relief and help to Dr. 

The native helpers who had been a little less under 
supervision for a week or two while Mrs. Apricot had 
made preparations for their children going to England, 
now had to be brought up to the mark, and this led to a 
reorganisation of much of the internal working of the 
hospital and ultimately to Mrs. Apricot, in addition to 
all her other labours, taking over the care and disburse- 
ment of all the stores for all the many buildings now under 
their care. The extra time and attention and hard work 
which this added duty necessarily involved was heavier 
than could possibly be understood by any one who has 
not had experience of hospital life in its many varied 

The recreations of missionaries has not come much into 
this story hitherto, but it is well here to understand the 
clear line which Dr. Apricot took upon the subject. 

" We have been sent out here," he said one day to a 
missionary who was knocked up with overwork and lack of 
fresh air recreations, "to live and work. Now your 
Missionary work will be far more effective if you keep 
your body in good health and your spirit cheerful." 

" But, doctor, there is so much to be done," replied the 
overwrought worker. 

" Quite true, my friend, and we want you to help to do 
it," he replied, *' but you will do much less than your 


share of it, if you do not take more exercise and more 

Writing home that year to the Society which had sent 
him out, he said, " In my opinion the inside of a 
Missionary is all the better for the outside of a horse! " 

There was no place inside the city walls where fresh air 
and pure breezes could be had to refresh the tired minds 
and bodies of strenuous workers, and therefore the doctor 
encouraged them to find their recreation outside. 

For many years he kept a number of Chinese ponies 
for use in his work, which lay six or eight miles in one 
direction, and seven to nine in another, and in addition 
he also kept ponies for the Missionaries who used to ride 
over with him w^hen he went to visit professionally the 
Lake-side lepers, or convalescents in one direction, or the 
Consulate down near the landing in the other. 

On one occasion cholera visited the city of " Heaven- 
Below," and raged north, south, east, and west. 
Thousands were stricken, and the European doctors and 
assistants had their hands full, with • hardly a free 
moment to themselves. 

The doctor, in writing home to his friends at this time, 
said : " I should like to impress you with the vast amount of 
work always going on, and the insanitary state of this city, 
which compels me to state it is not a fashionable health 
resort or a much frequented watering place, yet lack of 
people there is none." 

One fatal case was that of one of Dr. Apricot's own 
servants. One day the doctor had to go seven miles 
into the country to see a patient, taking with him his 
horse-boy, both of them mounted. After four miles of the 
journey had been passed the coolie called out to him that 
he was in such pain he could go no further. 

Dr. Apricot took him to a house close by and arranged 
he should be sent back at once to the hospital in a sedan 
chair. When the doctor arrived home a few hours later 


he was shocked to hear the poor fellow was dead. All the 
efforts put forth to save him had been unavailing. 

Dr. and Mrs. Apricot were uable to take any holiday 
that year. The work was incessant, people were dying 
on every side ; the days were hot, but the nights were 
hotter, and weary though they were, they could not 

Most mercifully the foreigners were all saved from this 
scourge as it swept by. But coffin makers made their 
fortunes, and many were able to retire from business when 
the epidemic was over. 

After a few months another alarm upset for a while the 
ordinary routine of the hospital. 

Scarlet fever, hitherto unknown in ** Heaven-Below," 
broke out in one of the women's wards. It was supposed 
to have come in some way from the port of Shanghai, 
where it had been very prevalent the preceding year. 

A young Christian woman, *' Increase-faith," had been 
received as an out-patient with her baby. The baby 
was suffering with fever and swollen glands, for which it 
was treated; two days later sign of peeling was to be 
seen, when on examination the doctor pronounced it to 
be scarlet fever, and the case was isolated at once. 

By this time the infection had been carried into other 
wards by the mother, who when her child had slept had 
gone to chat with the other women. In one ward two 
patients took it badly. In another a slave girl who had 
been in hospital some months with diseased bone in the 
foot, and who had been operated on some little time 
before, took it rather badly also. 

Another case was a little girl called " Sweet Plum " ; 
she was the daughter of nice people who had friends 
among the hospital staff. She had only been a few days 
under treatment for some trouble in her foot, but got 
infection and had scarlet fever very badly. 

Three other women had the symptoms well developed, 


and so the only thing was to utilise the old empty Opium 
Refuge as a fever hospital. 

This entailed another cook being obtained and an extra 
washerwoman, while Mrs. Apricot did much of the nurs- 
ing herself, with the help of one assistant. 

The constant disinfecting had to be done entirely by 
herself, as the natives do not see the necessity of attention 
to detail in this department, on which it depends whether 
disinfecting is efficacious or altogether a failure. 

Some cases died, some gave much concern during 
tedious convalescence ; ultimately the last case recovered 
and a last fumigating and disinfecting having been 
accomplished, life returned once more to its normal 

During this autumn many turned to the Lord and were 
baptised, after due preparation, as a direct result of teach- 
ing they had received during their stay in hospital. This 
was a cause of rejoicing before God. 



one's face. 

THE cheapness with which the average Chinaman 
holds human life is shown by the fact that in one 
year over eighty suicides were treated at the 
Hospital of Universal Benevolence. 

Some years later the figures ran to nearly two hundred, 
and later again in one year two hundred and twenty-two 
cases were brought under hospital notice and treated by 
the doctors. The ages of this large number varied 
greatly — from children of ten years of age up to old 
people between sixty and seventy. 

The why and wherefore of the attempted suicide can 
usually be ascertained. After much sifting of information 
it was discovered that two hundred and eighteen were the 
result of quarrels. Four only of the number were un- 
accounted for by their relatives. 

A woman who is badly scolded by her husband will 
take it meekly enough if no one has heard the scolding 
but herself ; but if there have been witnesses to the 
quarrel, the humiliation is more than she can bear ; she 
has " lost face," and therefore she will contrive to obtain 
opium or some other poison wherewith to end her life; or, 
failing money to buy poison, she prefers to end herself 



by drowning in the family well rather than live down 
her discomfiture. 

A young woman, who was brought on one occasion to 
the hospital from a country place some distance away, 
was rather a curious case because of two unusual features. 
The first was the unusual agreement which was made 
between her future husband and the girl's own family 
before her marriage, which agreement was duly written 
out and signed in the presence of witnesses, and by which 
the bridegroom promised after marriage to live at the 
girl's home with her, and not take her to his father's 
house, as is usually the case. 

After marriage, when all had gone on happily for some 
time, the bridegroom suddenly carried off the bride con- 
trary to agreement to his father's house. 

Being thus disappointed, she resolved to take her own 
life rather than submit to be tricked into what she had 
determined not to endure. 

The second unusual thing about this case was the girl's 
method of destroying herself. 

Being unable to get opium, and being watched in 
order to frustrate her running away to her old home, and 
so having no opportunity to drown herself, she told the 
household she had swallowed a silver chain three feet in 
length. They at once gave her medicine to dissolve 
the silver chain, but she still said she felt uncom- 
fortable, and, finding the native doctors could not 
relieve her, they grew alarmed and brought her to the 

"Love-honour" (this was the girl's name), when her 
friends left her in charge of Mrs. Apricot, was quickly 
given " the order of the bath " and warded. Then began 
suitable treatment, which went on for two months, but as 
nothing more was seen or heard of the chain, the doctors 
came to the most probable explanation, viz., that the girl 
had concocted the story as a means of escape from the 


home she was determined not to live in, and had never 
swallowed the chain after all. 

During the months in hospital, however, she was not 
free of her relatives' surveillance, for not only was her 
mother staying in hospital with her, but her husband's 
people also kept vigilant watch. 

Poor " Love-honour " ! It did not seem improbable 
that all her trouble would prove to be in vain. 

Whether the idea originated with the girl herself or 
with her mother is not known, but towards the end of 
*' Love-honour's " stay in hospital the mother appealed to 
the Chief Magistrate to settle the case for her. He 
decided in " Love-honour's " favour, and the matter 
came to an end, so far as was known for some time. 

During her retention in the wards, the mother and 
daughter had both had much opportunity of hearing 
about God, and when they returned home, they were 
passed on to the visiting list of one of the Biblewomen. 

Another case will now be described. One hot summer 
night, when not a breath of air stirred and sleep was 
difficult to obtain, and when secured was light and un- 
refreshing, a terrific noise awakened all in the hospital 

It came from a big house shut in with a high wall, just 
opposite the entrance to the hospital. The noise was of 
women shouting and yelling at the top of their voices, 
and above it all, a man's voice weeping and waiHng, as 
only Eastern people do. 

The Amah, or nurse of the household, had poisoned 
herself with opium, because her mistress had found fault 
with her for letting one of her charges fall down. 

The Amah could not bear the reproof, probably given 
before others, and, to spite her mistress, had taken 
poison, so as to bring trouble on the family. The woman 
was brought over to the hospital, but it was too late to 
save her life. 


Thus we see that revenge is considered more important 
than either life or death. 

The next day the mistress had a large hole made in the 
wall of the garden to take the coffin in for the body to be 
put into. When the coffin had been brought out again 
through the hole the latter was built up. All this trouble 
was taken to prevent the coffin going through the gate of 
the garden, and being seen by the Evil Spirit leaving the 
entrance of the house ; thereby it was supposed he would 
not know the way into the house where the poor suicide 
had taken her life. In this way the mistress thought to 
prevent all evil consequences being visited upon herself. 

Another instance occurred which illustrates how cheaply 
life is held from another point of view. Some men were 
working on the boats of one of the rivers and one fell into 
the water ; as he could not swim he was drowned. 

" Could not any of you swim ? " asked the missionary 
to whom the incident was related. 

"Oh, yes, we could ail swim," calmly replied the 

*' Why, then, did you not try to save your companion ? " 
asked the missionary once more. 

" Teacher, I did not wish to be drowned, and if I or 
the other men had rescued ' Tu'die ' we should have been 
pursued by the Water-Spirit until our lives had been 
taken in forfeit for the one which had been rescued from 

Our readers will remember the brave old Chinese 
admiral who lost his ship during the war with Japan, and 
could not face the humiliation, so destroyed himself rather 
than lose face with his country. 

Another instance was that of a man who was accused 
falsely of theft, and though the case could not be proved, 
the man felt he had 'Most face," and did not, therefore, 
care to live, so he took poison, and was found dead in his 



Two hours later the missing things were found in some 
out-of-the-way place, having been put there by mistake 
by a member of the household. 

Strange to say, though the man held his life cheap, his 
family, under these circumstances, did not do so, and 
pressed and obtained compensation to no inconsiderable 

Another case is that of " Early Virtue," a little boy 
of six years of age, who was found one mid-winter day 
in the streets of " Heaven-Below " by one of the hospital 
assistants with his toes quite frozen off. 

The Chinese father was a wretched man who had lost 
all parental feeling and sense of responsibility towards 
his child through the smoking of opium. While he 
went off to the opium den to smoke himself into false 
dreams of bliss and temporary comfort, he had left his 
little boy to beg in the streets from passers-by. 

During the father's absence the child had been found 
and put into a bed in one of the wards of the Hospital of 
Universal Benevolence, so that when on his return the 
father inquired for the child and found out where he was 
he made no objection to his remaining in such comfort- 
able quarters. 

From the fact that he seldom came to see him, and 
ultimately ceased to do so, one believes that he felt greatly 
reHeved to be quit of the even nominal responsibility he 
had previously shown. 

While in the ward "Early Virtue" quickly learnt 
Gospel stories, texts, and hymns, some of which he was 
able to sing very nicely. 

After some months he was more or less adopted by a 
lady missionary who had shown much interest in him, 
and when he was able to leave the hospital, she arranged 
that he could live with one of the catechists and thus 
have a happy home life. When last he was seen he was 
a merry child running about at play and going to a 


day school, where he showed some promise for the 

Another case of singular interest is that of Mrs. We, 
who was far in advance of her time in ambitious desires 
for the welfare of her own countrywomen. She was a 
Tartar lady living in the Tartar Settlement, but she 
was broad-minded, and had visited the Hospital of 
Universal Benevolence and some of the mission schools 
in the city of " Heaven-Below." 

She thought much of what she had seen, and felt so 
strongly that something ought to be done to raise the 
condition of her own countrywomen educationally and 
socially, that she collected from the officials money to 
open a school for girls. 

After some months she tried to collect money again for 
the school for the second year, but failed. This grieved 
her to such an extent that she wrote a letter explaining 
that she felt so strongly the urgent need of her country- 
women that she was prepared to die to prove her 
sincerity. She then took a large dose of opium, but was 
discovered and taken to the hospital, where doctors and 
nurses worked hard to save her life. 

After many hours she was out of danger and able to 
return to her own home. 

She utilised her recovery to make another appeal to 
the officials, and failed once more. Her disappomtment 
and defeat in the object of her ambition was so great she 
again took opium, and this time she died. 

Her object, however, was gained ; so impressed were 
her people by her death that they set about obtaining a 
school for Tartar girls without delay. 

A new school house was built, teachers secured, and it 
is now one of the best administered schools in the city of 
** Heaven-Below." 

The pupils are taught to march past a large picture of 
Mrs. We and make obeisance as they pass, as a 


sign of their gratitude to her for her efforts on their 

As Christianity spreads through the country right views 
with regard to life and death will become more widely 
known and appreciated, and such cases, instead of being 
common incidents in every-day life, will become things of 
the past. 



CHINESE life is often spoken of as one of dignity 
because so little fun and merriment enters the 
ordinary conversation of the average Chinaman. 

Life with the working classes is a constant struggle to 
make ends meet ; with the literati, life is too serious for 
fun, a reading man must be dignified ; so the lighter 
moments enjoyed by the average European find little 
place in the lives of the Chinese. 

But that they see jokes and can enjoy them if someone 
else troubles to make them is often noticed by those 
working amongst them. 

There was a little boy belonging to an attendant in one 
of the Lake-side homes who did not seem as if he could 
laugh as merry-hearted English children laugh at the age 
of four or five years, so whenever Dr. Apricot went up to 
see the Lake-side patients he would call the solemn little 
man to come forth and greet him ; and would then teach 
him some funny saying, or throw him up in his arms as 
one would a European child. One winter day something 
made the doctor think how like a little bantam this child 
was (his fat little person being stuffed out with winter 



wadded coats), and so he commenced to teach him to 
crow ! Bending slightly forward, then gradually straight- 
ening himself and arching backward, he said in English, 
" Cock-a-doodledoooooooooooo ! " 

" Tot-a-doodil-dooooooo ! " imitated the solemn child 
and then broke out into the prettiest laugh a Chinese 
child ever gave. So after this, when the doctor took his 
wife or some of the lady Missionaries or visitors, who 
came from time to time, up to the Sanatorium, all had 
to go and see the " Tot-a-doodil-doo " boy. 

The writer saw this funny performance one fine winter 
day and laughed heartily to see the solemn little man do 
it all so gravely, and then break into the sudden merry 
laugh at the close. 

Love for children begets love in return and the Cock- 
a-doodle-doo child has grown up a remarkably useful 
lad since those days. 

He has passed through day and boarding schools, has 
been baptised and confirmed, and has still a great love for 
the merry doctor who tried to play with him as a little 
boy, so when his future life work had to be decided, who 
can wonder that he elected to take up a branch of 
hospital work? He is now an assistant in the chemist's 
department of the Dispensary. 

Those who love children are the best suited to adopt 
them and bring them up, and we are not surprised that 
those whose hands were already filled with work for adults 
soon found that children, here one and there another, 
claimed their notice who had either to be rescued to love, 
truth and happiness, or left to poverty, sin and shame. 

When homes for leper men and women were founded, 
it was a difficult problem what to do with their untainted 

To save them for some years at least from the blighted 
lives of their parents seemed to Dr. and Mrs. Apricot the 
only thing they could do, 


'Cock-a-doodle-doo," now Assistant-Dispenser, 

Ti) Jiict p. SO. 


So Mrs. Apricot opened a Home for Untainted 

One by one six little ones were gathered there ; and 
later six others, for one cause or another left destitute of 
guardian care, were added to them. 

Once these little ones were gathered into the Home with 
its sheltering care and the Christian influence of matron 
and nurse, new vistas of life opened before them ; vistas 
of love and light and usefulness. 

One boy called " Nathaniel " was the son of a very poor 
couple, whose mother became insane. The father was 
too poor to be able to bring the child up properly, so he 
was adopted by Mrs. Apricot. He soon became a 
delightful child, always happy and contented, and anxious 
to help anyone and every one who needed help. 

In time he went to the day school which was opened 
for the Home Children. 

After passing through that with some credit, he was 
sent on to the Boys' Boarding School. But he always 
looked on the Home as his home, and spent his holidays 
there, being quite happy if he only might do something 
for the Lady Mother who was always so good to him, 

" Can I do anything for the Lady Mother ? " he always 
asked, as soon as the half-holiday came and he was free 
to run over to the Home or Hospital. Then his joy was 
full if he heard Mrs. Apricot's voice saying: 

" I want Nathaniel to typewrite for me this afternoon." 

Or, if new boards were wanted for the heads of cots, 
and Nathaniel was asked to print them for the Lady 
Mother, his delight knew no bounds. We shall hope in 
future years to hear that he is still in the work of the 
Medical Mission. 

The brief story of another child — little Moses — is very 

Found on the road-side near the Mission Compound 
late one night, where he had been deserted by his parents, 


he was taken in for the night and passed on to the ever- 
tender mercies of the Medical Mission party the following 

Moses was truly named, for he was only a baby, and 
" drawn out " of the dirt and filth of a Chinese street, in 
which he would certainly have died had he been left there 

He was an object of great interest to the women in the 
hospital who heard all about him and to the other 
Missionaries of "Heaven-Below," who were always eager 
to know some of the interesting things which were 
the daily portion of those in hospital work. 

The Missionaries and hospital women vied with one 
another in making Baby Moses' pretty little baby 
coats and trousers, after the orthodox Chinese baby 

His little smile and tiny gestures were very fascin- 
ating ; hardly less so were his infant efforts to talk the 
little words every one tried to teach him. 

But when he was most lovable and interesting he 
sickened of some inherited disease, and during many 
days and hours willing nurses watched beside his cot, 
hoping to save the little life ; but it was not to be, and 
one day he passed over to the Children's Home in 
Paradise the Blest, and left behind him a vacant place 
in many hearts. 

" Valuable-Bravery " was the daughter of an old 
patient who was in the hospital at one time as a mental 
case, which illness had been brought on by trouble and 

Poverty, and the selling of her little girl against her 
wish, had been such a sorrow to the poor woman that her 
mind had for a time given way. 

Mrs. Apricot, who soon found out the secret sorrow of 
the poor woman's life, sent Do-ra the nurse to find the 
little daughter, which after much trouble, she was able 


to do, and brought " Valuable- Bravery " home to Mrs. 

She was sent to the Home and to school, and became 
an earnest Christian girl, letting her light shine for Jesus 
wherever she went. 

After leaving school she took up work in the hospital, 
and became a '' right-hand help " to Mrs. Apricot. 

She was trained as a nurse and afterwards as a mid- 
wife, and later came to England to perfect her training 
by taking her L.O.S. certificate. For ten years she 
worked in the hospital, and often Mrs. Apricot would say 
to the doctor, *' Truly that case was as bread cast upon 
the waters, and it has returned to bless us after many 

The coming of " Little Orchid " was very different 
from that of Moses. The mother of "Little Orchid" 
was a baptised Christian, but like many a Christian so- 
called in our own country, she was not a very worthy 

One night she and her husband had a terrible quarrel, 
which came to blows, and so frightened " Little Orchid " 
that he tried to undo the door of the house and call in 
the neighbours. 

This was, however, prevented, and the mother was 

The father was seized and taken off to prison, and the 
little son was taken, though only seven years old, to wait 
upon the father. 

When in prison the father remembered that the son, 
tiny as he was, had tried to save the mother, so in revenge 
he broke the only thing he could find, which happened to 
be a tea-pot, and, with the broken pieces, stabbed the 
child so badly that he was brought in a state of high fever 
with blood poisoning to the Hospital of Universal 

Jn the women's ward this poor child lay for two months 


without a smile passing across his face, though Dr. 
Apricot made numerous efforts on his daily round to raise 

At last the whole hospital rejoiced one day when word 
was passed round : " * Orchid ' has smiled at last." The 
doctor had succeeded ! 

When the child recovered no home was forthcoming for 
'' Little Orchid," yet everyone was anxious the child 
should not be lost, so he too was put into the Children's 

His father had been sentenced to banishment, and 
thus was well out of the child's life. 

In the Home, where love and gentleness reigned, the 
child became quite lively, and ultimately developed into 
a regular piece of mischief. 

He is now attending school, and in the process of 
learning to read a Chinese child learns decorum, so 
*' Little Orchid " is now sobering down and trying to be 
good. He is hoping soon to be baptised. 

Our readers will remember the story of " Beseech- 
Mercy," the leper who made a dying request to Mrs. 
Apricot that she would care for the son of the leper who 
had so kindly waited on him during the last years of his 

This child, a boy called " Fragrant-Lily," was at once 
taken into the Home for Children. He was an extra- 
ordinary looking child with a wild appearance ; but 
bathed, and shaved about the head as other Chinese 
boys are, and clothed in clean, well-fitting clothes, he 
looked more presentable and began to respect himself 
accordingly. Before coming into the Home he had run 
about and lived like a waif upon the streets. 

When he was being bathed one day it was found he 
was remarkable for having six toes on each foot ! 
Whether this will make him in any way notable in later 
Jife remains to be seen, 


** Fragrant-Lily " is of a kind disposition, and seems 
to be honest as far as can be judged. If he goes on well, 
Mrs. Apricot hopes to train him for ward duty in the 
men's hospital by and by. This child has been supported 
by the Mission to Lepers. 

" Olea-Fragrans " is the child of a patient who had 
been nursed by Mrs. Apricot in the hospital for a long time. 

One day, in going the rounds, she noticed this patient 
unusually sad, and sat down to win her confidence and, 
by sympathetic tact, soon succeeded in doing so. Her 
story was pathetically sad, being one of unused know- 
ledge and neglected opportunities. 

" Lotus Flower " (for such was her name) had been at 
a Mission School, and had learnt all about God's love and 
the salvation of Jesus Christ, but she had not laid hold of 
that salvation by faith and made it her own. She had let 
it slip by her. She had her Bible beside her, but a Bible 
is not salvation. So, finding her sad and troubled in soul, 
Mrs. Apricot had pointed her to Jesus Christ as a present 
Saviour, able to save her if she were only willing ; soon 
joy broke into that troubled soul, and peace was hers. 

**Is your heart at rest now? " asked Mrs. Apricot. 

** My heart has peace, lady ; but one thing troubles me 
now, and that is about my children." 

Seeing her very tired and weak, Mrs. Apricot promised 
to see what could be done for them. 

The husband, when he heard his wife was dying, 
insisted on taking poor '* Lotus-flower " back to their 
miserably dirty hovel. 

Mrs. Apricot and the nurses tried to reason with him, 
but all to no purpose ; he took her home, and she soon 
passed away. 

Mrs. Apricot then took the eldest girl, "Olea-Fragrans," 
into the Children's Home. 

She is only six years of age, but keeps every one lively 
with her chatter, and old-fashioned ways. 


Whether *' Olea-Fragrans " romances or not it is hard 
to say, but, child as she is, she often keeps Mrs. Apricot 
and the matron and nurse spellbound while she repeats 
wonderful conversations she has heard between her 

She has a great idea of management, too, and tries to 
make the younger girls, "Little-Cloud" and "Beauti- 
ful-Bravery," obey her. 

" Would you like to go back home, ' Olea-Fragrans ' ? " 
asked the matron one day. 

" That is not my desire. It is happier — much more — 
here. I will stay here," she replied promptly. 

The lesson for the evening was over, and the children 
had been taught their prayer, when " Olea-Fragrans," as 
she was going to bed, announced one night: 

" This doctrine you teach I think very good ! When I 
grow big one day I too will believe it." 

She evinces some amount of character, and is a striking 
personality in the Home. 

Another child, called " Grace," was in the Home for 
a long time. Her father was a leper, and was brought 
to the Men's Leper House a good many years ago. They 
were very poor, so the mother was kept as a washerwoman 
in the Women's Leper Refuge while she was nursing her 
baby, or he would probably have died through lack of 
proper nourishment. 

While in the Refuge the woman told Mrs. Apricot that 
they had been so poor they had sold their eldest child for 
six dollars to a woman who wanted her for a wife for her 
son. She was not a nice mother-in-law, but the money 
was badly needed. 

Mrs. Apricot's motherly heart ached until she had with 
much trouble and difficulty traced the child. She found 
her living a very unhappy life, her prospective mother-in- 
law being very cruel to her. 

At first the mother-in-law was not willing to give her 


up ; but at last she gave way, and Mrs. Apricot redeemed 
the child, but had to pay more than the original sum for 

She was a curiosity indeed when she first arrived. 
Little of the child's body could be seen for dirt and rags. 
However, she was soon tubbed, and made verily a new 
creature in appearance when combed and dressed. 

After a time she was sent to school, but, like many 
other children, she there had her ups and dowms. She 
would be as good as possible for a while and then 
become as troublesome as children are made, giving 
anxiety and sorrow to those in charge of her. At last 
Mrs. Apricot talked seriously to her about the need she had 
of using these good opportunities and not abusing them, 
and gave her much good advice ; but it was of no use. 
Good resolutions only seemed made to be broken again. 

So Mrs. Apricot thought a new start would give the girl 
a better chance of doing well. 

Grace was accordingly taken in to work in the hospital, 
and has been doing well there for some years. She 
is a good nurse, and can help on operation days very 
nicely, so perhaps she has found her right sphere. 

Grace's baby brother, rightly called " Saved-life," was 
also an inmate of the Children's Home, and is even now 
after many years remembered for two things — one, his 
pretty voice! which is rather unusual in China; the other, 
his naughty habits, which frequently had to be punished 
by a whipping ! At last the pain of whipping him 
became far greater to Mrs. Apricot than the whipping was 
to *' Saved-life," and other methods of punishing him had 
to be found. 

In course of time he became a good boy and went to 
school. On leaving he was apprenticed to the printing 
trade in Shanghai, where he too is now doing very well. 

These brief sketches are of a few only of the many 
children who have been lifted up on life's pathway, and 


by loving care and good training have been taught to be 
self-supporting and self-respecting ; above all, they have 
been taught to love Jesus Christ in their childhood, and 
thus their feet have been led into the way of Peace. 



MANY years have now elapsed since the opening of 
the Hospital of " Universal Benevolence." 
It has passed even a belated majority of 
twenty-five years, and each year has been marked by 
continued growth, harmony, goodwill and success, in all 
its outward working. 

The spiritual success can never be told on earth. For 
lack of time, and lack of strength, the doctors and their 
helpers could not keep a register even of all the baptisms 
they knew of as a direct outcome of their work. 

But through all their multifarious duties the morning 
and evening teaching in the wards for the in-patients, the 
daily preaching in the out-patients' waiting hall, and the 
bedside personal dealing with souls, were never lost sight 
of or neglected. 

The chapel room had long ago been too small for the 
assembling of doctors and assistants, and so a beautiful 
chapel and a large public hall had been added to the other 
buildings in the compound ; and in the chapel, before 
work began in the out-patient department, all workers in 
the compound assembled, and Dr. Apricot or Dr. Fairfield 


or some other worker held morning service and gave an 
address. All patients able to walk were always allowed 
to attend this service, which greatly helped not only to 
keep the spiritual element of the work before each worker, 
but impressed each patient with the fact that the workers 
relied for their daily strength on the heaven-given supply, 
daily asked for and daily granted to each one. 

The number of the in-patients increased by leaps and 
bounds ; one year 1,400, and two years later over 1,800, 
were nursed and cared for in the hospital. Ward men 
and ward nurses had to be continuously in training, and 
thus the anxiety and care were ceaseless, as native 
workers need much more supervision than nurses at home ; 
hence the arrival of an English lady nurse was a great 
relief and help to Mrs. Apricot. 

The European staff was ably assisted by three fully 
qualified native doctors, who had been trained by Dr. 
Apricot. These men were an untold help in every way, 
and especially in the enormous Out-patient department, 
where over 72,000 were personally treated, medically or 
surgically, during one year. 

The year following this very large access of work 
brought even greater numbers to be relieved (as the 
summer was particularly trying), and the total reached 
that year was over 83,000, who paid visits to the Dis- 
pensary or Native Consulting Room, in addition to over 
1,500 nursed in the wards, and the patients in the branch 
Refuges and Homes. 

The growing private practice among the better class 
Chinese, the other Missionaries, and the Europeans resi- 
dent in '' Heaven-Below," also took much time and 

The strength of the medical staff needed indeed to be 
herculean to get through so much work in a climate 
which varies from the extreme cold of winter, when deep 
snow and ice abound for weeks, to the excessive heat of 


summer, when the temperature registers very frequently 
95 degrees in the shade, a time when the ward beds are 
all full, the out-patients' waiting hall is most crowded, 
and disease abounds in the city. 

Still the larger the private practice becomes, the 
greater the fees which pour into the hospital coffers ; for 
the fees the doctors get for their services all help to pay 
the working expenses of this benevolent institution. 

Amid all the vicissitudes of life, its comings and goings, 
its ups and downs, its sickness and health, its joys and its 
sorrows, its praise and its blame. Dr. Apricot kept true to 
the principle of the Secret Society which he started the 
first day of his residence in China. But he had to enlarge 
its membership and spread its principles in every direc- 
tion among rich and poor, old and young, learned and 
ignorant. Christian and heathen, European and native, 
for the " Cheer up" Society had taken hold and done its 
duty, and the world was better, hearts were braver, hands 
stronger, lives more holy, spirits more cheerful, and 
work more successful because of its influence. 

We have said that the record of direct spiritual results 
has never been fully kept, but every year many have been 
baptised, having learnt to trust in Jesus for salvation, and 
constantly reports have reached the doctors or their 
assistants of the indirect results from the teaching in the 
wards or the preaching in the Dispensary. 

One lady Missionary, visiting in a village, came across 
some of the first patients who over twenty years ago had 
been in hospital and had learnt to love and fear God. 
These, far away from Christian privileges, had continued 
to worship the true God and had taught others what they 
themselves had learnt of His love ; and the prayers they 
had learned they had in turn taught their friends and 

A lady writing one day to the doctor told him that 
in a country place, miles away from any Christian church, 



her father had found a man who had been a patient in the 
Hospital many years ago, and had left without deciding 
for Christ. He later became an earnest Christian, and 
not only so, he had gathered the men of his village around 
him and taught them all he could remember ; so when 
the Missionary came he found the nucleus of a church 
just waiting for his arrival to be put upon a permanent 
basis. Thus a new out-station was planted for God 
amidst the heathen. 

Such instances could be multiplied, but these two 
indicate the far-reaching effect of medical work. Not 
only did the patients themselves receive help and blessing, 
but returning to their homes in the villages they tell 
over and over the things they have seen at the hospital, 
and the motive of all these works of mercy ; and thus 
the superstitions and prejudices of ages are gradually 
being broken down, and the way paved for the advance of 
the Gospel. 

One patient, " Come-brother," a young woman who 
was ill in the wards for over a month, was very bright 
and happy, and most grateful for all that was done for 
her. Like the seed sown on the stony ground, she 
received the word gladly, but did not become a decided 
Christian herself, yet she successfully taught her father 
on her return home what she had learnt, and the result 
was that he was so impressed that he visited the 
Dispensary ostensibly to be treated for his rheumatism, 
but his real reason was to hear more " about Jesus." 

He became an earnest Christian, and was baptised. 

Another very interesting case was that of a blind 
woman, who hoped that the doctors would touch her 
ej^es and say " Open," and she would be able to see. 
This was, however, impossible, but being in a weak con- 
dition of health she was kept in hospital on the ground 
of general debility, and while there embraced Christianity 
with the joyous enthusiasm too seldom seen, She now 


lives with a daughter, and uses every opportunity, of 
which she has many, to tell others " what a friend she 
has in Jesus." 

In the men's hospital a man suffered from diphtheria 
and was very ill, so much so that Dr. Apricot had to tell 
him he was dying. Each day the man had God's love 
and Christ's salvation put before him. 

But in cases of severe illness, combined with the dense 
darkness of heathenism, one often has the sorrow of 
knowing it is too late for them to understand such 
wonderful truth. In this case the man did not profess 
to grasp the truth for his own benefit, but v/hen he heard 
he was dying he begged to go home. When he arrived he 
gathered all his relatives together, his wife, his sons, and 
grandsons, and begged them not to have heathen rites 
at his funeral. He commanded them to believe in God 
and in Christ Jesus, and to put away all idols. We can 
but leave such cases to the all-loving Father's mercy. 

During the hot summer days typhoid is always present 
in China, but not in its regular distinctive symptoms as 
met with in this country, where it runs its twenty-one days' 
course and then terminates, or convalescence sets in ; 
in its later stages in China it takes on very frequently 
the symptoms of intermittent fever ; convalescence 
is delayed, and is a long and trying process when it does 
begin. Some cases, usually young people, do occasionally 
run an ordinary typhoid course, but these cases are rare. 

Mrs. Tse, the wife of a well-to-do tailor, was a typhoid 
patient who had been seriously ill some time and under 
the care of native doctors, who assured her she could not 
possibly recover. 

She was not a stranger to the Gospel, for she had been 
the friend of a boarding-school girl, who had first sown 
the Gospel seed in her heart many years previously. 
Having then become interested in Christianity, she 
attended the hospital for some small ailment, in order 


really to get further instruction in the doctrine which had 
laid such hold upon her mind. 

Her husband had been very prejudiced against innova- 
tions on Chinese customs, and strongly disapproved of his 
wife going to the Mission Chapel at the hospital, or 
having anything to do with foreigners. He often beat 
her and scolded her severely, but she was not thereby 
persuaded to let go what seemed to her so precious to her 

When the native doctors gave her notice of her coming 
demise her husband became willing to try the skill of the 
hated foreign doctors. So she was brought on a stretcher 
to the hospital, where she lay for days in a most critical 
condition, for she had been nursing her husband, who 
had the fever first (but was now recovering), and was in a 
weakened condition when attacked herself. 

After many weeks of care and nursing she recovered, 
and during convalescence her interest deepened in all 
Christian teaching. 

While she was ill, and during his own convalescence, 
her husband had time to meditate on his wife's behaviour 
and her conversation about the one true God, and he 
became impressed with the reality of Christianity. 

So in order to get further teaching he became an out- 
patient, obtaining also medicine to quicken his returning 
strength, which had somewhat lagged after his wife 
became too ill to nurse and look after him. 

When Mrs. Tse was convalescing, her husband came 
to see her in hospital, and told her "to recover and 
quickly believe, for now he too desired to believe the 

This beautiful news so cheered Mrs. Tse that her 
recovery was thereb}^ hastened, and on her return home 
she was surprised and delighted to find how sincere her 
husband's words had been. 

When Sunday morning came round her surprise was 


even greater to see him in his best clothes preparing to 
go out. 

** Are you not working to-day ? " asked his wife timidly. 

** No, this is the Christians' worship day. I thought I 
would go and hear more about the true God." 

" These words very good to hear," exclaimed his wife, 
flushing with pleasure; but still further excitement was in 
store for her. 

"Can you walk as far as the Hospital Chapel?" he 
inquired with some kindness and solicitude. 

"I should like to try," she replied, thinking with 
thankfulness that her times of being beaten for attending 
worship had now changed indeed. 

So they went off together to learn more of the 
foreigner's God, who they now believed ought to be 
their God too. 

The following day a good bonfire in their back yard 
burnt up their idols and the appurtenances to idol 

It was some time before Mr. Tse saw that his w^orkmen 
who were heathen ought not to be employed by him on 
the Sunday. 

But in time he realized that his shop must be closed, 
his workmen given rest, and that the day must be kept 
" holy to the Lord." 

What this meant from a business point of view can 
hardly be judged in a country where Sunday closing is the 
rule of the nation. 

After due preparation both Mr. and Mrs. Tse were 

It was about this time that one of the most exciting 
scenes took place in the hospital wards, affording a 
number of the old women patients, who were all devoted 
to the doctor and his wife, an opportunity of showing their 
solicitude for them. 

On his morning rounds he ever joked and laughed with 


the patients, brightening their day by his sunny visit, his 
wife accompanying him as the superintendent of the 
hospital, and often shaking her head at him as if to 
reprove him for being too merry. ■ 

On the morning in question Mrs. Apricot had left the 
w^ard for something that was wanted, and in passing from 
one bedside to another the doctor knocked his knee-cap 
and hurt himself considerably. 

The patients who were up and dressed hurried to his 
assistance and made such a fuss and lament over him that 
he wickedly groaned a great deal more than was absolutely 

One old lady offered to rub the wounded part ; being a 
hot day, one or two commenced to fan him ; another held 
the leg ; while a fifth supported his back ; a sixth felt his 
pulse ; and a seventh ran for his wife. The rest gathered 

On Mrs. Apricot's return she saw at a glance that the 
doctor was enjoying himself and entertaining the patients 
old and young, who were all most strenuously and 
seriously trying to comfort and help him. 

She was vastly amused and exclaimed : 

" Ah the poor doctor, you are doing just right, go on 
with the treatment, all of you, and I will go and fetch 
something else ! " 

In all good faith they continued; the crowd gathering 
additional numbers of sympathetic onlookers every 
minute as word passed from ward to ward, " Dr. Apricot 
has had an accident and hurt his leg." 

When Mrs. Apricot returned the " something " she had 
fetched proved to be a camera, and she took a snap-shot 
of the whole performance, which was called " The tables 
are turned," where the doctor is patient and the patients 
are doctors ! ! 

A visitation of dengue fever of such severity as had never 
before visited *' Heaven-Below " broke out in the summer 

Doctor apricot of "heaven-below 103 

of 1903. The whole city was stricken from one end to 
the other. 

Dengue fever is a native malady, having many of the 
symptoms of influenza as it presented itself in this country 
in the early nineties. 

High fever, severe pain, complications, sudden collapse ; 
or, if recovery, prolonged convalescence, often leaving 
weakness of the eyes, deafness, chronic neuralgia, throat 
trouble, heart weakness, or some other ailment which only 
yields to long course treatment. It is a very fatal fever 
among the Chinese, and many thousands of people 
succumbed to its power. 

The hospital staff suffered so much that the hospital 
had to be closed for a time. 

The ward-men fell ill, the nurses were laid low with it, 
the scrubbers, and coolies, and cooks were all down one 
after the other, and in such numbers, that it was impossi- 
ble to attend to patients. 

The European doctors were sent for in every direction 
all the day through by the wealthier classes of Chinese : 
people died quicker than men could make coffins to bury 
them, and some had to be buried without coffins. 

One day Mrs. Apricot was feeling weak and ill when the 
doctor returned worn out and exhausted, having had no 
time for food, and when he could take it, he felt too ill to 
care for it. 

The next morning Dr. Fairfield was almost alone on 
the battlefield. Here and there a weak and trembling 
convalescent tried to assist him, but without much 
strength, so that though the "will" was there, the 
"power" to help had gone. 

Mrs. Apricot was laid up with it before the doctor was 
better, and Dr. Fairfield was also a victim to it. All the 
Mission houses were like hospitals ; the Consulate and the 
Customs had their share ; the whole city was terrorized 
by its effects. Thousands caught it by infection and 


hundreds induced the infection of it by fear. No one 
felt safe. 

Praj^er was made in the Churches and Mission Chapels 
that God would graciously stay His hand, and the prayer 
of faith was heard. 

Cases became fewer, convalescents crept about weak 
and feeble, trying to take up the burden of life once more. 
Just at the end one clerical Missionary died. 

Every Missionary who could get away to the hills or 
to a distant station was sent off, and those who could not 
go did their best to get strong at home. 

So severe was the epidemic that months afterwards 
"weak hearts," and other sequelae were still troubHng 
Europeans and natives. 

When things resumed their normal course Dr. Fairfield 
took special charge of the work among the lepers. He 
quite adopted them and took them to his heart. Though 
they grew to love him and watch for his coming and 
greet him cheerily when he arrived, they still kept the 
old corner for their first and best friend. Dr. Apricot. 

It was a great interest to Dr. Fairfield taking the leper 
service on a Sunday and by this means liberating Dr. 
Apricot for the service for assistants and hospital workers 
in the compound chapel every Sunday afternoon. 

Dr. Fairfield, taking over a good share of the work, 
also enabled Dr. Apricot to give more time to transla- 
tional work for his students, which year by year grew in 

In the autumn patients again filled the hospital in such 
numbers that some had no beds to sleep in and were 
simply lying rolled up in their quilts on the floor. Every 
bed was filled, and all the members of the larger staff 
were working their hardest to save the souls and bodies 
of their patients. 

Among the interesting patients were some from high 
families. The Prefect's own household contributed two 


patients ; one was soon better, and went with her husband 
when he was preferred to another sphere. 

But the sister-in-law who came in suffering with cancer 
in the breast was left in the hospital, as her case was quite 
hopeless, and she could be better attended to there than 
at home. 

Dyen T'ai T'ai proved to be most patient and grateful 
for all that was done for her, and gave no trouble. Her 
Amah, or waiting-maid, was an exceptionally kind woman, 
and was most attentive to her mistress, never sparing 
herself any trouble. 

" What makes you so kind. Amah, to your mistress ? " 
asked Mrs. Apricot one day. ** Is it pity which touches 
your heart ? " 

"Not so, but if at a future time I should so suffer, I 
hope some kindness will be shown me," replied the 

Dyen T'ai T'ai gave much attention to the Gospel story 
from the first day in hospital. 

She never tired of being taught and talked to of God 
and His love, and before she died gave full evidence she 
was indeed trusting in Christ. 

" Who are you trusting, T'ai T'ai ? " she was asked 
one day before she died. 

" The Lord Jesus only," was her reply. 

And her last words were to the same effect. 

One case in the women's ward was very interesting. 
A girl came in to be operated on for hair-lip, as it 
prevented her betrothal ! This was successfully done, 
and the girl was very delighted with her '^ very-beautiful- 
to-look-at " face. But what was even more satisfactory, 
her friends were much pleased and felt that the powers 
of the good doctors were indeed miraculous. 

Another case which deserves mention is very touch- 
ing and pathetic. It was that of a poor woman who 
came to have her hand cured. Her home was a very 


unhappy one, and she had to work very hard at making 
paper, and this had injured her hand and arm. The bones 
were so diseased that she had to have her arm amputated 
just below the elbow. This was felt to be such a disgrace 
by her husband that he refused to have her home again, 
so the poor woman was left quite destitute. 

A lady missionary, hearing of this, kindly provided her 
with a home in a Christian household, where she was 
taught more of the Gospel and the doctrines of the 
Christian faith. 

She was afterwards baptised and confirmed, and, 
receiving further training, ultimately became a most 
useful Biblewoman, working first with one lady mis- 
sionary and later with another, who both bore testimony 
to her faithfulness. 

She was often taunted by the Chinese about her one- 
armed condition, but nothing daunted she would reply, 
quite gently : 

"Yes! truly, my arm is lost, but Christ I found," and 
would proceed to tell them who Christ was, and thus 
made her very affliction a means to spread the love of 
Christ Jesus her Lord. She died of cholera after much 
suffering and only a short illness. 

Mrs. Apricot, who always worked most unselfishly and 
untiringly, had an uncomfortable experience one day in 
going round the women's wards of the hospital. Being 
more than usually tired, and the morning being one of 
those fatiguing ones which try strong people in good 
health and are exceptionally trying to run-down people, 
Mrs. Apricot fainted beside the bed of one of the 

The consternation of nurses and patients can hardly be 
described. They at once lifted her into one of the 
patient's beds and began their usual native methods of 
bringing her round. Some one hurriedly fetched Dr. 
Apricot who, while very grateful to them all for their 


kind care, preferred to treat his wife in her own bed, 
whither she was soon conveyed. 

" Now, Gertie, you must rest, I forbid any more work 
at present. Your life is too precious for me to let you 
kill yourself entirely." 

" But, Charles, I really feel—" 

" No doubt, my dear, you do feel a trifle better, but 
you are thoroughly run down, and in bed you stay until 
I get you fed up. Then you must be off to the Sanatorium 
for a few days, or go to Shanghai for a change, whichever 
you like." 

But as the doctor went about his work that day and for 
several days he realised all the weight of work and respon- 
sibility which such a number of inmates and establish- 
ments threw upon his wife. He realised, as perhaps, 
never so fully before, what a tower of love and strength 
she had been to him, sharing his work, his hopes and 
fears, through summer and winter, heat and cold, joy and 
sorrow for nearly thirty years. 

So when a few days later she was able to start for a 
change to Shanghai he felt more hopeful about her. But 
when she was fully recovered and able to return after her 
little visit the doctor still felt anxious, and decided that 
their furlough must on no account be delayed again, for his 
wife needed a more prolonged change to do her permanent 



ONLY those who have learnt their language and lived 
among them, talking with them of their joys and 
their sorrows, making them feel that they go among 
them as friends, can really appreciate the position of 
Chinese women, and sympathise with them. 

They are never looked upon as the equals of their 
husbands, and it is not thought necessary for girls to be 
educated. Only since lady missionaries have devoted 
their lives to work among women and girls of China have 
parents realized that girls have brains as well as boys, if 
only they get a chance to use them. 

So for centuries they have lived and died in ignorance 
of reading or writing. With but here and there a rare 
exception, their lives are spent in a weary monotonous 
round of cooking and field work, if of the working 
classes ; cooking and making their pretty shoes and 
headdresses, dressing themselves and painting their faces, 
if of the middle and upper classes. 

Gentlemen in China do not inquire of their friends how 
their wife is and express the hope that she is well ; it is 
not according to Chinese etiquette to mention the wife in 
conversation at all, but if she has to be spoken of, some 
expression of a very unflattering nature is used to indicate 



who is meant, such as his '' dull thorn." Men, when they 
go visiting, do not take their wives with them as 
Europeans do, and if the husband is receiving visitors the 
wife and daughters keep as a rule to their own apartments. 

Many girls have never spoken to a man outside their 
own family before their wedding day. This remark 
applies to the middle and upper classes. 

The women of the working classes have certainly the 
best of it, living as they do a more free and out-of-door 
life, and having better health in consequence. They have 
also the advantage in the matter of foot-binding, which, 
though it exists, is not, in the nature of things, so 
general where women have to carry loads or work in the 

But the peculiar trials of women and girls in China 
come from their custom of living in groups .of 
families. The sons of a household bring their brides to 
their parents' home, where the mother-in-law's rule is 
often extremely heavy, and where sisters-in-law are often 
the reverse of friendly companions. 

In addition to this there is the custom of foot-binding, 
which brings them untold suffering ; wounds and ulcers, 
and many forms of blood-poisoning often resulting from 
the cruel practice, which also prevents them from having 
outdoor pleasures. 

There is, however, a considerable awakening about the 
evil of foot-binding, and societies have been formed in 
various cities for the purpose of discouraging this evil 

But as we realize how in our own small country 
enthusiasts have been working and praying for many years 
to educate public opinion on some matter of reform, say, 
the subject of temperance, and have proved what a slow 
and disheartening work it is, we can understand that in 
China a few circles united for the suppression of foot- 
binding have a considerable task before them, as they 


seek to convince four hundred millions of people that what 
for several centuries has been their custom ought never 
to exist. 

Still, that such movements are on foot among the 
upper classes is cause for congratulation. 

One lady whom Mrs. Apricot had met among the upper 
class ladies she visited and prescribed for from time to 
time, who had not yet overcome their prejudice as to 
seeing a foreign medical man, had held a meeting for 
ladies of her own position to discuss the merits and 
demerits of foot-binding. She had already unbound her 
own feet, being more advanced than her friends, and the 
result of the meeting was that quite a number of ladies 
joined the Union and agreed to allow their daughters to 
grow up with natural feet. 

That this makes for better health, more freedom of 
life and character there is no doubt, and one longs for the 
time when the binding of children's feet shall be an act 
punishable by the law of the land. 

When Chinese women are visited by the ordinary aches 
and pains of human life, or when disease lays them low, 
they often endure in silence ; or are treated by the 
"wise" woman of the locality; or repair to a native 
doctor ; in either case they are more frequently worse 
than better as a consequence. But more on the subject 
of native doctors will be found in the next chapter. 

What women suffer in their confinements, sometimes 
because of the early marriage age, and often because of 
want of proper medical care, is more than we can speak 
of. If matters do not run an even course the tortures 
resorted to in order to bring about delivery cannot be 

Amid the general enlightenment which is working its 
way into the minds of the gentry of " Heaven-Below " 
through the doings of the Hospital of Universal 
Benevolence, there had grown up the gradual conviction 


that a midwifery school for training women for the busi- 
ness of accoucheurs would be of immense advantage to the 
ladies and indeed the women of all classes in the city. 
So Dr. and Mrs. Apricot were approached by some of the 
gentry as to the possibility of their doing something in 
the matter. 

Finally, they agreed to open a Midwifery Training 
School, and had to build specially for this purpose a 
convenient and suitable place, which they were able to do 
within the hospital grounds, and thus have it in connec- 
tion with the Mission. 

When the school was built, with its lecture hall and 
class-room, students' rooms, wards for practical training, 
and wards for women after delivery, bills were put out 
announcing that the school was ready, and inviting those 
who wished to be trained to send in their names. 

To the surprise of the staff many more applied than 
they had expected, some ninety registering their names, 
but only about fifty turned up on the day appointed for 

Mrs. Apricot and three of the native T'ai T'ai ladies 
most interested in the work interviewed each candidate, 
and questioned her as to her reason for wishing to be 
trained, her age, family, health, &c. The candidates 
were also examined in reading by one Chinese helper and 
in writing: by another. 

Out of the number who offered themselves twenty-two 
were ultimately trained, most of whom passed their 
examinations exceedingly well, and obtained their certifi- 
cates, and then departed to help their native sisters and 
at the same time earn their own living. Eight of the 
students learned the way of salvation and asked for 
baptism. The matron also became more earnest and 
clear in her faith, and requested to be baptised too, so 
all were received into Church membership at the same 


A few remained to help for a while in teaching the 
Roman letters to the twenty-three new pupils who 
sought admittance, and proved themselves no mean 

The great blessing which this branch of the work will 
be to the women of " Heaven-below " in the most crucial 
moments of their lives, we who know something of the 
native treatment meted out to them by their fellow- 
women, can well imagine, and not less will it begin a new 
era in the lives of the infants of the Empire. 

Many of the abnormal and enormous growths on the 
heads of boys and girls, and men and women, are, we 
believe, due to the terrible falls the children meet with 
when they enter the world. 

" How many thousands, ay, and tens of thousands of 
mothers will have cause to bless the day this maternity 
work was started," said Dr. Apricot to his wife one 
morning, " I have been out since four o'clock at a very 
distressing case, and had to use every effort to save the 
mother's life." 

" Were the people of the house nice ? " asked Mrs. 

" Yes, very, and so grateful. The husband and I talked 
a good deal now and again, and he is * coming to the 
services on Sunday,' he says, 'to hear more of this good 
news.' " 

'* What grand opportunities we get for sowing the 
Gospel seed," replied his wife. After a pause she asked, 
*' Do you know any specially good news this morning, 
Charlie ? " 

" No, is there any ? " asked the doctor. 

" Yes, Dr. Fairfield has just been in to tell us he is 
engaged to the sweetest lady in the Mission," she 

" Sweetest to him," corrected the doctor, smiling. 

" Oh ! of course we understand that," she replied. 


" The lady is Miss Dawson ; I am so glad. I shall make 
time to run over and tell her so." 

** Dr. Fairfield needed a wife ; I am sure he was often 
lonely ; I am very glad for his sake too," Dr. Apricot 
added. " If she proves to him what you have been to me, 
Gertie, the man will be greatly blessed." 

*' Thank you, Charlie. Now let us get our breakfast, 
for we are late — it is nearly church time. 



THOUSANDS of cases, more or less of a serious 
nature, are not brought in their initial stage to the 
Hospital of Universal Benevolence. 
The usual thing is first to try native doctors and use 
the remedies prescribed by them. 

The training of a native doctor is very meagre, if 
indeed he may be said to have any at all ; he is merely 
apprenticed to a quack, who takes great care not to make 
him as wise as himself, remembering the proverb " The 
teacher must always remain wiser than the taught." 

Others inherit prescriptions and drugs as some people 
do money, and often make fortunes out of their legacy, 
to the sorrow and poverty and often the death of their 

During the last thirty years servants in the employ of 
mission houses or mission doctors have been called in on 
occasions to help at dispensary work, and having become 
bitten with the desire to better themselves, have left 
their situation to set up as a " Western doctor," profiting 
by the experience obtained in their "last place." 

The diseases treated by these so-called doctors are more 



often '' improved for the worse," as the Irishman said, 
than "improved for the better." Their knowledge of 
drugs is ver}^ limited, and their knowledge of the human 
body is much more limited still. An abscess is often 
sealed up with a filthy plaster, "Warranted," as Dr. 
Apricot often said, "never to come off," instead of being 
lanced and drained. 

Abdominal pains are grossly aggravated by rusty needles 
being pushed into the body to find out how deeply rooted 
the disease is ! in m.ost cases adding blood-poisoning to 
the original complaint. 

Frequently powdered tiger bones are dusted into open 
wounds to stop bleeding! and the juice of snakes' skins 
boiled down is sometimes applied as a balsam ! 

Patients often hover between the western medical man 
and the native doctor, taking a dose of each medicine, 
and wonder the cure is not as quick as magic ! 

Native surgical work is on a very small scale, and never 
is any degree of cleanliness deemed an important factor 
towards successful recovery. 

How horrified an English surgeon would be to see "a 
Chinese surgeon clip off an old standing opacity of the 
cornea, or to see a dirty needle stuck into an opaque lens 
to improve the patient's sight." 

Patients constantly arrived at the Hospital of Universal 
Benevolence in a dying condition, "the whole body 
sick " from the things they had suffered of many 
physicians (so called), and the whole heart faint with 
dread of the inevitable future, of which they know 
nothing, but imagine it to be crowded with unutterable 
terrors and woes, infinitely worse than anything they have 
seen or suffered in their present life. 

Chinese doctors are not spoken of as general practi- 
tioners, but as "inside body" doctors, " outside body" 
doctors, and " eye doctors." 

An illustration of this distinction was vividly portrayed 


when a Chinese carpenter pierced his foot with an ugly 
splinter, while building a house for a native doctor. The 
doctor himself being on the premises at once intimated 
that " for the usual gratuity he would attend to the foot." 

The carpenter was a poor workman, not a master 
builder, but paid the fee and tendered the injured member 
for treatment. 

The doctor promptly cut off the splinter level to the 
surface of the foot, mixed a plaster and stuck it on. 

" Is all the wood out of my foot ? " asked the patient ; 
" it still has great pain." 

"Ah! no — I have only dealt with the outside; I am 
not an inside doctor and dare not presume," was the 
reply he received. 

Truly it may be said of most of those who go to the 
native doctors they are nothing the better but much the 
worse ; money gone, health gone, patience gone, and only 
the disease has gained ground in their poor afflicted 

" Why is breakfast so late this morning ? " Dr. Apricot 
asked one morning, when he had waited ten minutes 
beyond the usual time, and his wife at last appeared with 
the resigned look on her face which showed plainly some- 
thing had gone wrong. 

'' You may well ask, Charles," replied his wife. " ' One- 
of-Ten ' (the cook) has left without * by your leave,' and 
the washer-man did not presume to prepare breakfast 
without orders ! They really are queer ! " 

" Why did ' One-of-Ten ' want to leave ? Had he been 
unsettled ? " inquired Dr. Apricot. 

" I had not heard so," she answered as she quickly 
assisted her husband to coffee. " ' Born-old ' (who was 
the washer-man) says his grandfather has died suddenly ; 
he was a native doctor and had quite a large practice, and 
' One-of-Ten ' was sent for late last night to go home for 
the funeral. As we were out he went to see what was 


really the matter. This morning he has sent word that 
he has to take up his grandfather's practice at once, so 
will come later for his belongings and to say ' Good-bye.' 
He has sent his younger brother who has learnt cooking 
under him the last year, to see if we will take him on as 

*' Rather cool of * One-of-Ten.' What a lot of people 
he will kill before he has been a doctor very long," he 
answered, helping himself to more toast and butter. 

Mrs. Apricot continued smiling. '' His father thinks 
he will be able to keep the practice better than his 
brothers, as he has lived with the great western doctor, 
and ' Born-old ' says ' One-of-Ten ' always used to say he 
would like doctoring people, and that was why he was 
always eager to gossip with the students on every possible 
occasion that he might pick up knowledge." 

Later in the day '' One-of-Ten " in his new silk coat, 
cloth waistcoat, and pea-green trousers, with spectacles 
on (he had never needed them before as cook!), came with 
a younger brother to take away his personal belongings. 

He looked quite the learned doctor and had the grace 
to blush when the doctor asked him if he felt himself 
equal to his profession. 

** I have learnt much here," he said, " but I should not 
have left serving the doctor and his lady now but for the 
command of my father. With the Western learning 
which I have gained here (" in puddings and cakes " 
thought the doctor) and with my grandfather's superior 
prescriptions, which are very old, as he inherited them 
from his grandfather, and therefore they have years beyond 
count and are of much value, I hope to make a fortune in 

So *' One-of-Ten " (now calling himself Dr. Plum) 
bowed himself out of the room and went " below stairs," 
as we should say at home, but literally went across to the 
servants' quarters, where he was surprised to find the 


Christian servants did not make quite as much of him as 
he did of himself. 

" We all have our trials in this life, Gertie," the doctor 
remarked to his wife in the evening, " but cheer up, you 
will hear of another cook soon." 

" I have heard of one," she answered quickly. 

" Who ? I hope the new-comer is a Christian ; I have 
often felt ' One-of-Ten ' was not the best of influences in 
the kitchen." 

" So have I," agreed his wife, " but he professed him- 
self an inquirer when I engaged him, and his name was 
down as such ; the native pastor told me so. However, 
he has gone ; and who do you think has been to see me 
this afternoon ? " 

** I cannot guess," he replied. 

" Dear old ' Arrived-late ' and his wife. He left us and 
set up a tea-shop and has made a nice little sum by it, 
but he longs to be back with us again and has offered to 
come at the same wages he used to have." 

" What about his wdfe ? " asked the doctor. 

" She is so keen to live here too," replied Mrs. Apricot, 
" and wants no wages, if she may make herself useful, in 
teaching and sewing. She could teach the patients and 
would be of real use in the sewing way. So I think I 
will take them. He was an earnest Christian and has 
been true since he left us. What do you think, Charles ? " 

" I really don't think we could do better," the doctor 
replied, ''so settle the matter with them. We always 
found them both excellent servants, and they only left us 
and set up the tea-shop when we went home on furlough, 
so it is not as if there had been any disagreement on either 
their side or ours." 

*' What a comfort it will be to have ' Arrived-late ' back 
again," Mrs. Apricot said with a sigh. 

" Don't sigh, wife ; tears come in the morning and joy 
at night ; the reverse order of things, isn't it ? " 


*' Charles, you know I did not cry," exclaimed Mrs. 
Apricot, shaking her finger at the doctor and laughing as 
she left the room to inquire if '' Arrived-late " was still on 
the premises. 

Finding he was waiting below, Mrs. Apricot soon 
engaged the man as cook, and his wife to be general help 
wherever she was wanted, in return for board and 

" It will be great happiness to be back with the doctor 
and the lady," the man replied. " It was here I learned 
the doctrine, and here I feel my home ; I trust future time 
give the lady heart-rest " (satisfaction). 

A few weeks later the doctor had a letter from a fellow 
medical missionary some distance away saying he wanted 
a useful boy for dispensary work, washing bottles, 
sweeping, and other similar duties. Could Dr. Apricot 
recommend him one from " Heaven-Below ? " *' You will 
be amused," continued the letter, "to hear my bottle- 
washer, who was only with us three weeks, has left us to 
become a druggist ! and has opened a shop. The boy 
came into a little money (a few dollars) and thought he 
would like to be a doctor, but as he was put to the bottom 
of the ladder to subdue his proud spirit and so prepare his 
mind to receive instruction, he took umbrage at being told 
to bring pipes for some Chinese gentlemen who had to 
wait until I could see them, as I was in the middle of an 
operation when they arrived. 

" I need hardly say he is no loss. But we see he has 
opened a new and gaily painted shop and stocked it with 
the old stock of a druggist who has made enough to retire 
on ! We all feel sorry for his patients, for the lad has 
absolutely no knowledge of drugs. But he tells us he is 
sure to do well and make a lot of money, for all drugs 
have to be paid for beforehand, and he will have a good 
trade in opium. 

" There really ought to be some legislation to prevent 


unqualified doctors and druggists being able to set up as 
they do." 

Also another difficulty met with by European doctors is 
the general ignorance of the patients themselves. 

Dr. Apricot on one occasion found a patient whose 
condition though not very alarming ought to have yielded 
to the medicine he had given. The bad cough was 
certainly no better, though his breath was considerably 
sweeter, as he noticed directly the man sat down opposite 
to him. 

"Well," began the doctor, "so your cough is no 
better ? " 

" No, doctor," replied the old man, coughing and 
expectorating to show how bad it still was. 

" Did you take the medicine as I told you ? " inquired 
the doctor. 

" That was so," again replied the patient. 

" Tell me," said the doctor looking up his notebook to 
see what he had prescribed and the directions he had 
given, " how did I tell you to take the medicine ?" 

" Yes, doctor," answered the old man. " I ate the fat, 
it was not sufficiently strong, I think, and I rubbed my 
knee with the lotion, but it did not raise any blister, nor 
even make my leg warm ! " 

" Oh, ' Seen- Goodness ' (the man's name), you may well 
not be better ! I gave you the sulphur ointment for your leg 
and the medicine for your cough! " exclaimed the doctor. 

Fresh instructions and fresh medicine and " Seen- 
Goodness" departed to let in another patient. 

" Well, ' Morning-Glory,' how are you ? Any better 
to-day ? " inquired the doctor once more. 

" Nearly recovered," replied the man, smiling. " I 
took the pills, all but one, which my wife stole and ate 
for her pains in her back, so I ate the paper they had been 
wrapped in ; some of the goodness had no doubt lodged 
in the paper and I am much better!" 


The doctor fairly groaned, but ordered fresh medicine 
to be put in a bottle this time and gave yet clearer 
instructions to the man " not to swallow the bottle, or 
give the medicine to his wife." 

The next patient came in and began taking off her 
coverings, and the doctor turned to see, as he expected, 
the horrible ulcer he had treated a week ago. 

*' What is this ? " he asked, pointing to a huge black 
plaster, which looked as if it had been put on with a 
mason's trowel. " You have not poulticed it as I told 

** Oh, yes, poultice on now, native doctor order plaster, 
so put that on too! " 

The doctor sent the woman to the dispensary to have 
it taken off, and when it did at last yield to pressure and 
came away, the odour from the wound cleared the 
dispensary quicker than Yamen runners could have done, 
and only the dressers and the woman were left ; but who 
could stand a smell like that and the temperature nearly 
100 degrees in the shade. 

To dispel ignorance and superstitious practices such as 
have been referred to, and also other practices even worse 
(as the sacrificing to idols, consulting astrologers, fortune- 
tellers, and witches), only the training and educating of 
native students to be fully qualified medical men in large 
numbers will ever avail. European doctors will never 
go out in any adequate numbers to China on their own 
account as practising physicians and surgeons, or under 
the various Missionary Societies as Medical Missionaries 
to minister to the teeming millions of Chinese. 

The demand for Western doctoring is far too great 
for the few European or American doctors ever to supply, 
and if the Medical Missionaries do not continue to train 
even larger numbers than they have ever yet trained, the 
population will have to continue to suffer the torture and 
malpractices of the native doctors as they do now* 


The training of medical students has been, so far, very 
uphill work ; doctors have had to translate their text 
books into Chinese as they have wanted them, and 
prepare their lectures in English and translate them into 
Chinese before giving them. 

About one hundred students have been trained at the 
Medical College in connection with the Hospital of 
Universal Benevolence, and their success has more than 
repaid Dr. Apricot for the trouble and expense of 
educating them. 

To be able to take in fresh students every year the 
teaching staff of the Medical College should be increased 
to six. Up to the time of writing this story the teaching 
staff has only numbered two, and because of this students 
have only been able to enter every five years. 

If the European staff of teachers could be augmented 
to six there would, after the fifth year, be some graduating 
every year, and also their places, as they pass out, could 
be filled by new students beginning their first year's 

The first three batches of students were all Christians, 
but the demand for Western medical training has been 
so great since the Boxer troubles that a few heathen 
students have been admitted for training. 

The fees paid by these students more than pay all their 
expenses, and help towards paying the native staff. 

If this little book falls into the hands of any medical 
man who for Christ's sake will go forth and help in this 
noble work in the city of " Heaven-Below " he will be 
heartily welcomed. 

The work waits to be done, and the time passes. When 
China has found her feet and feels herself equal to the 
nations of the West, those who by their teaching and 
preaching, by their working and praying, by their lives 
lived for her as well as by their lives laid down for her, 
will rejoice if she comes forth from her long sleep to take 


her place among the nations of the world, not as a 
civilised power only, but as a power for Christ. 

Among the men who have been trained by Dr. Apricot 
more than one has died, one or two have been led away 
from the Mission by the desire to accumulate fortunes as 
speedily as possible, but the rest of the Christian students 
are all working directly or indirectly in the Mission, if 
not actually in the hospital or its branch establishments. 

More than once some of these Christian young fellows, 
since their training, have been offered salaries double 
that which they receive in connection with their Alma 
Mater ; but they have resisted the temptation and are 
still working for God and their fellow-men in the Medical 
Mission and doing good work, spiritual as well as 

When the last set of students — the fourth set which 
had graduated during the last twenty-five years — received 
their diplomas ; the hall was beautifully decorated for 
the occasion with flowers and flags, English, Chinese, 
American, and Japanese. The English, American, and 
Japanese Consuls were present ; also the head of the 
Customs, the Director of the Bureau of Foreign Affairs, 
the Prefect of " Heaven-Below," the Director of the 
Native Military School, the Interpreter, the District 
Magistrate, and all the distinguished Mandarins of the 
city and the Headmasters of the different Colleges, both 
foreign and Chinese. 

The proceedings were opened with an address by the 
Chairman, Dr. Apricot, and the singing of a hymn 
written by one of the students themselves. Then the 
head of the native staff at the hospital. Dr. Liu 
(who was the first student trained in connection with 
the hospital and who has since done most excellent 
work), read the report of the examinations, gave some 
account of the course of work the students had been 
through, and finally called the roll in order of merit. 


The students who had passed, seven in number, then 
stepped forward as their names were read out, wearing 
ofBcial dress, and looking very proud and happy on 
account of their success. 

Dr. Apricot himself presented the diplomas, which 
were printed on white parchment in large type in both 
English and Chinese. 

The Official Director of the Bureau, representing the 
Government of the Province, then gave an excellent 
address to the students, hoping they would keep up 
their studies and never let their knowledge pass from their 
minds, but endeavour to rise higher and higher in their 
profession. He wished them all success in their future work 
and trusted they would be very useful in healing the sick. 

The English Consul then congratulated them upon 
their success, and also congratulated Dr. Apricot upon 
his efforts which had been so strenuously carried out for 
more than a quarter of a century, the monument of which 
was not in the accumulated lands or numerous institu- 
tions which they could see any day they chose to look, 
but was built in the lives and hearts of the thousands of 
citizens of " Heaven-Below. 

The Bishop of the Diocese having said a few words and 
closed the meeting with prayer, the whole assembly then 
passed out into the pretty gardens of the hospital and 
made their way into the doctor's house where, in the 
drawing-room and on the wide verandahs, tea was served 
by Mrs. Apricot to the officials, missionaries, and other 
friends who had been present. 

After tea many friends looked through the men's and 
women's hospitals, the refuges for lepers, the children's 
home, and the other institutions which have not yet been 

Some went up to the West Lake to see the last new 
buildings and the patients, who, to their own astonish- 
ment, were recovering there without medicine. 


These buildings were the Fresh-air Home and the 
Convalescent Home. 

Vast numbers of patients came annually for treatment 
who were victims of consumption ; in some cases inherited, 
but in hundreds of cases through lack of sanitation, good 
food and fresh air. If these cases were put into the 
General Hospital they took up the beds, and acute cases 
who were needing immediate attention had to be refused. 

This then was the solution of Dr. Apricot ; not, at that 
time to enlarge the General Hospital, but to provide a 
separate building where fresh air, cleanliness, and good 
food should be the order of the day. 

So three miles away on the beautiful West Lake, 
which is on three sides enclosed by hills, while on the 
remaining side the land slopes away across the rice fields 
to the city of " Heaven-Below," the doctor built a Fresh 
Air Home and a Convalescent Home. Higher up the 
hills he had years ago built the Missionaries' Sanatorium, 
and beside the lake the Men's Leper Refuge, which has 
been referred to before in these pages. 

A curious looking Pagoda overlooks the Lake from the 
hill on one side, and on the south bank of the Lake there 
is another and even older looking building. 

As a rule the Chinese have always been very jealous of 
foreigners building near pagodas, lest the sun should 
cause a shadow to be cast from the erection across their 
pagoda, and thus injure the good luck and prosperity of 
the city, over which the pagodas are supposed to keep 

The land on which stood the pagoda and all the " Merciful 
Hostels " erected by Dr. Apricot was given him in 
exchange by the Mandarins of "Heaven-Below" for 
another piece of land which after the deed was signed 
and the money paid down turned out to be the supposed 
" Royal Pathway of the Red Dragon." Superstition, 
though melting, does not yet in ** Heaven-Below " allow 


foreigners, however much appreciated and beloved, to 
build right in the way of this all tormenting power. 

So although the yielding had to be shown in a dignified 
and fitting spirit, the exchanged place was in fact more 
beautifully situated and more conveniently near the 
doctor's other work than the Royal Pathway would have 
been. Thus all parties were pleased and contented, and 
Dr. Apricot and the Mission in whose name he holds all 
these buildings, are, it is believed, the only foreign land- 
lords of a pagoda known in China. 

This then was the situation of these new buildings. 
The patients were able to live in the open air, 
surrounded with beautiful scenery, the hills being covered 
with red azaleas and huge white dog roses in the spring, 
and other flowers in the autumn, beside the glorious red 
and gold of autumn leafage. 

The patients when they were well enough could row, or 
be rowed, on the lovely lake and help to keep the larder 
supplied with really wholesome fresh fish when their 
inclinations led them that way. 

Their astonishment, however, at the Fresh Air Treat- 
ment is better imagined than described, knowing as we 
do their innate desire to shut out all air when they 
feel ill, except indeed the foul close air of their 
own small rooms, which they shut in as carefully as 
they can. 

The following conversation will, however, give a slight 
impression of their surprise. 

" Do not refuse me admittance to your honourable 
hospital, I have the $2 for my food," said a tuberculosis 
patient one morning. 

" I fear we cannot take you in here — but I will send 
you to the Fresh Air Home at West Lake," said the doctor, 

** May I have some medicine ? " said the patient. 

" I think not ; the treatment is not physic as you mean 


it," said the doctor. " Go up to the Fresh Air Home and 
present this card and I will see you there." 

The patient unbelievingly still pleaded " But, no 
medicine, no better." 

" Fresh air and good food is number one good medicine 
for you," replied the doctor. " If I find you do not get 
better I will give you some medicine." 

A few days later the doctor rode over to see his 
unbelieving patient. 

*' How is your body ? " inquired the doctor cheerily. 

" Oh ! great gladness to see the beloved doctor," 
bemoaned the patient. 

*' What is the matter ? " inquired the doctor. 

" Here so many winds, so much air, so much washing 
of the body, so much eating, body so sad ; no medicine, 
no plaster for my chest. I think hospital in " Heaven- 
Below " much more better ! " 

The doctor sat down, felt the patient's pulse, looked at 
her tongue, took her to the weighing machine, found that 
in three days only she had gained two pounds in weight, 
and then set himself to cheer her up- He finally per- 
suaded her to remain another week. 

Long before the end of the month the patient was 
decidedly stronger, and begging to be kept another 

The patients quite understand that they must pay for 
the treatment, or, if very poor, that it must be paid for by 
some one on their behalf. 

The cost of full " stuffing " treatment is §15 a month, 
and $5 a month for ordinary diet. 

To make this expensive establishment pay Dr. Apricot 
advertises that he is willing to take patients from a dis- 
tance if properly recommended by those who will 
guarantee their expenses. 

The surprise and delight of their friends when the 
patients return home, having added many pounds to 


their weight and so much colour to their cheeks that the 
rouge pot is no longer needed, is excessive, while they 
exclaim " No medicine ! Only the fresh air ! and many 
feasts every day ! Truly these Western doctors are very 
clever, to cure people in this fashion." 



THE first chapter in this story of Medical Mission 
work told of the arrival of Dr. Apricot to take 
charge of the Opium Refuge in the city of 
** Heaven-Below." He had never lost sight of this 
branch of his work, in spite of his many other efforts in 
various directions. 

One might say that no day had passed, when the presence 
of the victims of this drug in the Opium Refuge did not 
serve as a protest against the opium smoking habit, not 
only to the poor victims themselves, but to hundreds of 
others ; the patients in the hospital, and their friends 
who visited them ; the out-patients who heard about the 
Refuge and talked of it to their friends and neighbours ; 
the tradespeople who had much coming and going where 
so large an establishment had to be kept up ; the visitors 
of the more wealthy classes, who called " to see " the 
hospital, and no less to the hundreds of daily passers-by 
who read the notice boards at the hospital entrance of 
the humane efforts which were made within to cure 
opium victims. 

The old proverb, " Continual droppings wear the 


hardest stone " is true of the united efforts of Missionaries 
of all denominations working in China, who by their speak- 
ing and writing upon the opium curse, have had a large 
share in raising public opinion with regard to the matter. 
Nor can one fail to acknowledge the effect of the Anti- 
Opium Meetings of protest which have been held in 
London and elsewhere, to enlighten the home people 
concerning the growing evil of this habit upon the life 
and character of the Chinese people. 

Chinese statesmen have been also awakened to see that 
definite efforts must be made to rid their country of this 
enthralling vice, and after much correspondence with the 
English Government an understanding was arrived at, by 
which England agreed, that if the Chinese Government 
reduced the consumption of native opium by a certain 
amount each year, they on their part would reduce the 
export of Opium from India by a similar amount. 

It remains to be seen how far this contract has been 
carried out on both sides. 

One thing is very evident, viz., that during the past 
four or five years the Officials in China have been making 
strenuous efforts to put down this evil. 

In " Heaven-Below " Dr. Apricot had treated people of 
all grades of society for this habit, and his work in this 
direction was recognised by all who heard of it. 

But when the Government influence was set in the 
same direction, then more prominent countenance was 
given to his work of redemption in this particular line. 

In July, 1907, by order of the City Authorities all 
opium dens in the City of " Heaven-Below " were closed. 
And in the increasing number of patients who came to 
be treated, the hospital staff recognised that energetic 
reform was setting in. 

So great were the numbers of applicants, that all could 
not be received, and Dr. Apricot and Dr. Fairfield opened 
another Refuge temporarily to meet the need. 

New China, A Patient and Friend. 


In the Autumn of the year a great civic function was 
held on Heaven's Peak when all the opium pipes, opium 
trays, and other paraphernalia connected with the smoking 
of opium, which had been cleared out of the dens which 
had been closed, were brought to the top of the Peak to be 
burned. A huge bon-fire was made of them in the presence 
of Mandarins, soldiers, students, and thousands of the 
populace. The pile had been well soaked with paraffin 
oil before it was set on fire, and as the flames leaped 
Heaven-ward, shouts of rejoicing went up from the crowd. 

Speeches were made by the Officials, and some of the 
native clergy and medical staff were also called upon to 
give their opinion of the habit and to tell of the successful 
efforts which had been made in the Opium Refuge to save 
the victims from their besetting vice. 

Some six or seven thousand pipes were destroyed that 
afternoon, but that does not represent anything like the 
number of smokers; probably not less than 50,000 people 
had been in the habit of using those same pipes in the 
now closed opium dens. 

The people who had hitherto tried to evade meeting 
the European doctors, less they should try and influence 
them to abstain from using the drug, now in daily greater 
numbers crowded about them begging to be cured, and 
acknowledging that their efforts had much helped to 
educate the people and make them willing to aid in the 
wholesale reform which was taking place. 

One man begged " to be allowed to be cured." 

" Certainly we shall be much pleased to help you ; it 
will be hard work, but if you are determined you will 
conquer," said Dr. Apricot. 

" All the city," replied the man, " knows the goodness 
of the honourable great Western doctor and that for 
years added to years he has been curing the willing ones, 
but now the unwilling must also be cured or die. The 
doctor's work will now be greater very much." 


A good many Tartars applied amongst others for 
admittance into the Refuge. The Tartar General took 
up the Reform vigorously, and about thirty men were sent 
as a first instalment of those found guilty of the practice 
of opium smoking. There were others, to the number of 
about 150, to come by future instalments. 

The preaching of Jesus and of His power to save went 
on in each ward and all had the Gospel lovingly presented 
to them. 

Some were more willing to hear the preaching than 
others, and those who received the word of truth, by 
the Almighty help of the Almighty God gained the 

The time was now drawing near when Dr. Apricot and 
his wife were to go home on their furlough. 

The doctor was not leaving his work without consider- 
able anxiety. It was true he was fortunate in having 
Dr. Fairfield and Dr. Baytree to carry on the work, who 
would have the valuable help of tried and trusted native 
doctors, as well as the assistance of a European chemist, 
Mr. Meadows, and a trained nurse, Miss Do-well, who had 
both worked faithfully for some years ; but the matter of 
the buildings, their repair and enlargement, and the pro- 
viding of further accommodation for the ever growing 
work pressed heavily upon his heart and mind. 

The number of students applying for Western Medical 
training was far greater than could be admitted to the 
Medical School, which was very small and not convenient 
for the work in any way, and a new Medical School was 
needed in which forty or fifty students might be 
concurrently trained, who when fully qualified could be 
planted out in country towns and villages, with a mission 
dispensary to superintend. 

A new doctor's house was also needed in the compound 
to accommodate the addition to the staff who had arrived 
in the person of Dr. Baytree. 

Dr. Liu, Wife and Child, 

To fare p. m. 


A new Infection Hospital was also needed, properly 
fitted, for the reception of infectious cases to prevent the 
sad occurrence of the previous outbreaks of scarlet fever, 
when several patients in the surgical and medical wards 
were infected and died in consequence of the first case 
being in a ward which was not isolated. 

So the return of Dr. Apricot to his own country for 
furlough was a very qualified pleasure, weighted as it was 
with the burden of all these needs. 

Still, he believed and trusted that friends in the home- 
land would rise to the emergency and help China in this 
the mid-day of her opportunity. 

When the natives heard of Dr. Apricot's approaching 
departure, they came in crowds day after day, bringing 
presents of all kinds as tokens of their gratitude to one 
who had for nearly thirty years proved himself friend, 
adviser, teacher, doctor and benefactor to one and all who 
had sought his help. Nor was his wife forgotten in the 
numerous gifts which were presented, for she was equally 
beloved for all her tender ministrations. 

A largely attended prayer meeting was held, in which 
both Native Christians and European Missionaries took 
part, commending Dr. Apricot and his wife to God's 
Almighty care and protection during the twelve months 
of separation. 

Then Dr. Fairfield dropped in on the Friday before 
they were to start. 

'' I have come," he said, " to tell you there is to be a 
great farewell meeting to-morrow night in the Lecture 
Hall. The natives have planned it all and the head 
doctor of the native Staff is arranging everything. You 
must not go near the Lecture Hall, which is being most 
beautifully decorated for the occasion." 

" How kind of them," said both the doctor and his 
wife, at once. 

" It will be a great effort and they are trying to make it 


worthy of you," said Dr. Fairfield, '' the Head says there 
are to be speeches and music, and a special acclamation 
of thanks, and I cannot tell you what — the students are 
full of excitement." 

" We were just talking of you and saying you will not 
feel so lonely this time, having your wife and Dr. Baytree 
who will be here while he learns the language," said 
Mrs. Apricot. 

" The work is really beyond the oversight of two 
doctors now, even with efficient native help," said Dr. 
Fairfield," but I shall be truly thankful to see you both back 
The place is not the same when you are both away." 

" Well I can only say one thing, keep cheerful and 
keep others cheerful, and then the work will go on 
smoothly," said Dr. Apricot. " Pray hard and keep be- 
lieving," he added, shaking Dr. Fairfield by the hand. 

The Farewell Meeting was well carried out ; abundant 
testimony was borne by all to the work of Dr. Apricot, 
and many touching references were made to him and 
Mrs. Apricot. He could hardly speak when called upon 
to do so, but after a few moments his voice grew steady 
and he gave them a farewell address, commending all in 
prayer to God at the close. 

The Sunday Services were felt by all in the Mission to 
be of the nature of a farewell. As many as possible 
gathered together around the Table of the Lord in 
sweet fellowship with Him and with one another. 

The following day a huge procession escorted the 
doctor and his wife to the railway station. The students 
headed the procession with flags specially prepared for 
the day. 

Then followed hundreds of grateful patients ; then the 
ladies' chairs ; then Mrs. Apricot and her native helper 
(whom she was taking with her to England to study for 
the L.O.S. degree in that country). 

Following them came the Maternity students ; then 

To face >'• 1-3.J 


more flags and men from the Lake-side Homes ; then 
came Dr. Apricot; Dr. Liu, his head native doctor and 
friend ; Dr. Fairfield, and Dr. Baytree ; followed by 
numbers of gentry, officials, and more friends and admirers 
— a long and imposing procession from the hospital to the 
train, which took them to the water side, where a special 
tug was waiting to convey the party to the steamer en 
route to Shanghai. Before they entered the house-boat 
many more officials joined them. The Consuls also, 
and many Missionaries, and European friends in large 
numbers, arrived to give them a good send-off, a worthy 
close to another happy and successful term of work. 

" Don't forget the building fund and the repairs where- 
ever you go, doctor," said Dr. Fairfield, as he shook the 
doctor's hand. " The Lord prosper you in all your 
undertaking, may the hand of the Lord be upon you for 

The steamer whistled and they were off. 

At Shanghai the native doctor was most attentive, look- 
ing after everything and never leaving them until the boat 
was just about to start, when he said, " May the blessing 
of God protect you both ! May He prosper you and 
bless you and bring you home to us your children in 

In the foregoing pages we have traced the history of 
the Medical Mission in " Heaven-Below " which had its 
rise about fifty years ago in the establishment of an 
Opium Refuge, which was as a grain of m ustard seed sown 
by one convinced of a great evil, and determined to do 
what he could to remedy its effects. That seed has 
produced, in the numerous and varied institutions now 
to be found in connection with the medical work in 
" Heaven-Below," a great tree whose leaves are for the 
heahng of the Chinese nation. 





Dr. and Mrs. Duncan Main. 
Dr. and Mrs. Kember. 
Dr. L. C. p. Beatty. 
Mr. Morgan. 
Miss Morris. 

TO give some idea of what goes on and how it is 
accomplished, may we first mention the different 
branches of work connected with the Mission 
hospital which was erected in 1884. 

First of all there is the mm'^ hospital with over 100 beds, 
including emergency and infectious wards ; the latter being 
separated from the main building. There is a dispensary , 
consulting rooms and surgery for out-patients, and wait- 
ing-hall, in which the patients assemble to hear the 
Gospel which is being proclaimed by evangelist and 
Bible-woman while they wait for consultation. At the 
entrance of the compound there is a Registrar's Office, 
where patients are registered, fees paid, and all business 
connected with ** middlemen," etc., is transacted; and for 
convenience there is also here a medicine shop and book 
store. Next comes the opium refuge which has been 
turned into a medical college and hostel to meet the largely 
increased applications from students to be taught 




Western medicine. At present there are sixty students, 
Christian and non-Christian, in training, and a house 
master and one of the five native teachers hve with them ; 
the headmaster residing at hand. To meet the rush of 
opium smokers wanting to be cured, caused by the 
Imperial Edict ordering all opium-dens to be closed, 
another refuge was temporarily erected and for some time 
fully occupied. The women's hospital has accommodation 
for sixty patients and rooms for assistants, pupils and 
nurses, etc. From time to time extra wards have been 
added to meet the needs of the work. A maternity hospital 
and training school ; the former has beds for ten patients 
and the latter has had over twenty-five pupils in residence, 
besides matron and servants. To complete the list we 
must still mention the refuge for leper women with at 
present three inmates and a caretaker ; also a home for 
the untainted children of lepers, which has enlarged its 
usefulness by adding to these children others who have 
needed help and protection from time to time, and who 
now number thirteen all told. This outline gives our 
readers some idea of the work to be superintended inside of 
the city. But at the West Lake there is the leper refuge 
for men, with at present forty inmates, and convalescent 
and fresh air homes for men and women, occupied fully 
in the summer months. 

With this preliminary sketch of the nature and use of 
the various departments of work, we will now try and 
describe as briefly as possible the way in which the work 
has to be " got through." 

The " work-day " is commenced by a service at 8.30 
a.m. in the chapel (this does not mean, however, that 
work is not going on before then, such as emergency 
cases, attention to in-patients, etc., as may be necessary), 
and all from the different hospitals, medical and maternity 
schools, men, women, and children are, when possible, 
expected to be present. This service and evening 


prayers (at the latter only men attend) are conducted by 
the foreign doctors and native evangelists and assistants 
in turn on each day in the v^eek. At g o'clock Drs. Main 
and Kember begin their work with the in-patients ; 
Mr. Morgan goes to the dispensary to attend to medicines 
and help the dispensers and pupils learning this work. 
Dr. Kember visits the men's wards with house-physician 
and students, who have already been seeing to cases before 
the doctor's visit, and gives them a clinical lecture. At 
the same time Dr. Main visits the women's hospital with 
Mrs. Main, Miss Morris, and girl-assistants and pupil- 
nurses, and lectures to the pupils on certain days in the 
week. Operations of any importance are done by Dr. 
Main in the women's hospital on Wednesdays at 9 o'clock ; 
minor ones are done as the occasion requires. This rule 
applies to the men's hospital also, though there it is 
impossible to keep to a regular day or days. 

Visits to hospitals being over, the out-patients, who are 
probably waiting for some time, have to be attended to, 
and while Dr. Main and assistants are seeing and 
prescribing for them. Dr. Kember and students are as 
busy as possible in the surgery attending to minor 
operations, teeth pulling, etc., etc. After out-patients are 
seen, and sometimes on certain days wedged in before, 
lectures to medical and maternity students have to be 
given till 12.15. 

Then comes an interval of three-quarters of an hour for 
lunch, after which work recommences. Correspondence, 
giving orders, writing up cases, teaching students, more 
attention to in-patients, accounts, and the hundred and 
one things that crop up without arrangement, and 
emergency cases, must be attended to by one or other of 
the doctors at the hospital ; while the other one has 
medical visits to pay to the Custom House and staff 
bi-weekly, six miles distant, as well as visits to foreign and 
native patients, to the various institutions which we 


have already said are outside of the city, as each day 

In the evening there is often translation work on hand, 
or (as lately) much behindhand, and matters connected 
with hospital and college, which have had no chance for 
consultation in the day, are often attended to then. 
Medical and other reading have to be thrown in as it were 
when opportunity occurs. 

In answer to questions asked by fellow-medical 
missionaries regarding various methods of management, 
we will, as far as possible, refer to them under their 
different heads : — 

In-patients are seen every day by the foreign doctors, 
and the duty of the house-physician is to attend to them 
on entrance, put them in touch with the students who act 
as dressers and see that each case is taken down. On 
admission, patients have a bath and their own garments 
exchanged for hospital ones ; theirs being handed to the 
" middle-man," whom every patient must have. As to a 
daily hath we can only say that this state of hygienic 
perfection is not yet attained to in our hospitals, except in 
summer, but we aim at it, and in time hope to have it 
when foreign nurses can superintend the male patients. 
The wardmen or male nurses in charge of each ward 
attend to the clothing and bedding of their respective 
wards, and are responsible and have to account for these 
articles on Saturdays, the day on which soiled garments 
are exchanged for clean. We shall refer later to this 

All money received from in-patients for their board and 
from other sources is paid to the registrar, who gives 
account of, and pays to, the doctors in charge ; likewise 
all money received from sales of medicine is paid to the 
chemist. All accounts with the registrar, hospital buyer, 
cook and workmen are paid on Saturdays. A question 
difficult to answer is, '' How far certain helpers can be 


trusted ? " One can only answer by saying: *' We trust 
as far as eye can see, and when out of sight, walk 
by faith ! " 

Out-patients are seen every day by the foreign doctors, 
and only by native assistants alone when both medical 
men are urgently called away. Consultation cases are 
seen at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, and for each visit a 
charge of one dollar is made. If the patient is seen at his or 
her house the fee is ten dollars during the day and twenty 
dollars at night. These fees are paid in at the registrar's 

House-keeping. — The management of the kitchen applies 
to the men's hospital alone, as the other hospitals are run 
on a different plan. We employ a head cook, who 
engages other four to assist him. The contract with him 
is at the rate of twelve cents per day, or 3*60 dollars per 
month for each patient, which sum he receives, whether 
the patient is on special diet or not. 

Bedding, etc. — From the commencement of the work in 
1882 we determined to provide bedding and clothes for 
the patients, which plan has been carried out till now. 
Hitherto the superintendence and storage of it has been 
unsatisfactory, and Mrs. Main has added this to her other 
duties and has it in her charge. A room in the women's 
hospital outbuildings is given over to storage of above, and 
on Saturday afternoons all wardmen, with two native 
helpers and native matron from the women's hospital, 
meet Mrs. Main here. The wardmen, who have each a 
book, give in their list of soiled linen, and the helpers in 
exchange give out the clean garments, sheets, etc. ; these 
are entered into a register, and when each wardman has 
received his allotment, the soiled articles are counted and 
two lists made out ; one taken by our coolies who carry 
the loads to the city washerman and one kept for ourselves. 
A receipt is brought back from the washerman, and at 
the end of the week the clothes are counted and checked. 


Each wardman has so many things given for the use of 
his ward, for which he has to give an account at the end 
of the month ; garments, etc., beyond repair are put 
aside for other purposes, and an entry is kept of all such 
for deduction from the list. Only by being present, and 
attending to details herself on the giving-out day, can Mrs. 
Main keep the inventory up to the mark, and even then 
there are ways and means of lessening the total which are 
almost beyond control. 

Evangelistic. — Seven or eight years ago a chapel was 
erected in the compound to meet the needs of this side of 
the work, which has always been our desire to keep to the 
front. We have no chaplain, but doctors, evangelists and 
assistants all take a share in this part of the work. Two 
services are held on Sundays ; the morning one is very 
well attended, the chapel being full. Morning and evening 
prayers are held in it, different members of the hospital 
staff taking in turn the lead. The morning lesson is 
chosen, read by the male element who can read verse by 
verse, and thereafter follow explanation and prayer. A 
weekly prayer meeting is always conducted by Dr. Main, 
and preaching and bedside teaching have their appointed 
time in the work of the hospital. Just now evangelists 
are scarce, and the important work of visiting patients at 
their homes in country villages and towns cannot be fully 
taken advantage of. Tract distribution and sale of 
Scripture portions are also amongst the efforts made to 
reach the heathen. Bible classes for students and others 
connected with the work, are conducted on various days 
of the week. 

Women's Hospital, Maternity Home, Lepers and Children's 
Home, are under Mrs. Main's personal superintendence. 
Each is a distinct building and managed separately. 
Patients are registered at the general office and escorted 
to the hospital by the porter. Their names, etc., are also 
entered in the registers of the above hospitals, as the case 


requires, by the head-assistant in charge. Rules and 
regulations for the conduct of the hospitals are hung at 
each entrance. We employ in the women's hospital only 
women servants, with the exception of an outside coolie. 
The buying, cooking, washing, and sewing are done by 
them. There is a matron and three nurse-amahs, head 
assistant and three assistant-pupils and two new pupils. 
Each has her distinct work and wards allotted to her; 
the patients' case is taken by the assistant in charge, 
which she reads to the doctor on his morning visit. 
They prepare for operations, sterilising dressings and 
instruments, etc., attend lectures in class and at the clinic. 
All money received from patients' board and paid out for 
food and furnishings, etc., are in charge of Miss Chow, 
head assistant, who keeps the daily accounts and pays in 
to Mrs. Main, every Saturday, who keeps the accounts for 
the above hospitals, etc. We have now obtained the 
valuable help of Nurse Morris, who has recently come out 
from England, and has commenced this year to give 
regular assistance and take up the superintendence of the 
nursing, and in time we hope will have classes for train- 
ing nurses. 

Maternity Hospital and Training School has special rules 
and regulations. Patients are admitted free and, as the 
work is a " new venture," arrangements were made, with 
some of the gentry who subscribe towards its support, to 
receive pupils on these lines for three years. The first 
class of students finished the prescribed course last year 
and received certificates qualifying them to practice 
midwifery. Some of the graduates have remained with 
us to assist in the work of the hospital ; they receive no 
remuneration for their services from us. We have 
constant calls to attend cases at their homes. No charge 
is made, nor are the pupils allowed to receive money, 
though they may accept presents in kind. All contribu- 
tions from these patients, in gratitude for assistance 


rendered, are put to the funds of the Maternity Hospital. 
There are at present eighteen pupils in training who have 
passed the preliminary two months' course and will 
remain till the regulation course is finished. Though 
most of them can read and a good many write the 
character, we have to teach them the romanised letters in 
the Hangchow dialect to enable them to take notes of 
lectures, which can be done by the romanization more 
quickly than the written character. Lectures are given 
by Drs. Main and Liu. There is a matron in charge, 
and one of the former pupils helps them in going over 
some of the lectures with them. This new branch of 
work has already proved a boon and blessing to many a 
poor and rich woman in her time of trial. We hope it 
may in future extend and multiply its usefulness. 

The above account of the work may not give those 
who read it a very intelligent idea of the method of 
procedure, but it is impossible to go into more detail 
without being wearisome ; we therefore recommend those 
who would like to know more to come and see it. But 
what has been written may be of some help to those who 
are beginning their life's work, and to them we would 
say that without grace, grit, method, regularity, and 
punctuality no work can be carried on with satisfaction, 
and we know that the carrying on of this medical mission 
would be impossible without attention to these things. 



Opium ash .. 

10-15 years .. 
16-20 „ .. 
21-30 „ .. 
31-40 „ .. 

I gr.-5 grs. . 
6 grs. I mace 
I ounce 


Statistics of the Work. 

Number of Patients treated during 1908 :— - 

Out-patients (registered on first visit only) 19,090 

In-patients, Male 892 

Female ... 449 

Lepers 39 

Opium smokers 33 

Convalescent Homes 66 

Maternity wards 92 


Accouchemenls (out-visits) 67 

Suicides ... ... ... 222 

Operations (under chloroform) 404 


222 were treated at hospital. 

Poison used. 

208 Salt 3 

3 Gold 4 

I Unknown 3 

Ages of Patients. 

9 41-50 years 18 

34 51-60 „ 9 

99 61-70 „ 2 


Amount of Opium used. 

161 Unknown and other 

49 poisons II 


Reasons for Attemping Suicide. 

218 Unknown 4 

Saved 218 Died 4 

Maternity Cases. 

Cases in maternity wards 

Cases outside, in homes 

Difficult labours ... 

Forceps cases 


Perforation of head 

Maternal mortality (typhus fever) 

Foetal mortality